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標題: 智慧型無刷直流馬達風扇應用於禽舍通風節能之研究
Study on Energy Saving Using Smart Brushless DC Motor Fans in Poultry Houses Ventilation
作者: 徐暘
Yang Hsu
關鍵字: 禽流感
avian influenza
brushless DC motor
environmental control
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摘要: 近年來,台灣面臨嚴重的禽流感疫情,政府對於生物安全防範有相當大的重視,於2014年開始已要求所有飼養家禽的業者皆需於密閉、半開放式或非開放式的禽舍內飼養,而在禽舍內的環控設施中,風扇為「最耗能」的環控設備;為了達到節能之目的,本研究以智慧型無刷直流馬達取代原本使用的傳統交流感應馬達,並設計一套控制方式,期望能藉由此兩種方式降低用電量,不僅降低業者的飼養成本,更能因其節能效果,降低二氧化碳排放,達到節能減碳之目的。 本研究使用新型的智慧型無刷直流馬達與傳統交流感應馬達分別對兩個風扇進行風速測量,計算通風量與平均風速,再透過風能計算公式計算出風能做為基準進行不同馬達的比較,配合使用集合式電表量測電流、電壓、耗電量與功率因數進行數據紀錄、分析並比較;結果表明,在相同轉速下,智慧型無刷直流馬達耗電量約為傳統交流感應馬達的60%,且風速與通風量並沒有太大的差異,可知使用智慧型無刷直流馬達比傳統交流感應馬達具有更高的效率。
Since Taiwan has affected by avian influenza for years, government has placed importance on biosafety and has requested poultry farmers to raise poultry in closed-type, semi-open, or non-open poultry houses started from 2014. In view of environmental control systems in the poultry houses, fans are the equipment that consumes the most energy. To achieve the purpose of saving energy, this study intended to replace traditional AC induction motors of fans by smart brushless DC motors, and a control method was designed accordingly. It was expected that by these two means, electricity consumption, feed costs, and carbon dioxide emissions can be lessened. A traditional AC induction motor and a smart brushless DC motor used in the study were to perform wind velocity measurement and to calculate ventilation rates and mean wind speed. A comparison of two motors was made according to wind energy computed by wind energy calculation formula. Besides, electric current, voltage, electricity consumption, and power factor were measured by a digital power meter to make data recording, analysis, and comparison. The results showed that in the same rounds per minute (rpm,) electricity consumption of a smart brushless DC motor was 60% of electricity consumed by a traditional AC induction motor, and there was not much difference in wind speed and ventilation rates. Therefore, a smart brushless DC motor proved to be more efficient than a traditional AC induction motor.
文章公開時間: 2021-08-23
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系



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