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Horizontal transfer of reduced-risk pesticides between oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera:Tephritidae)
Horace Chin Peng
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|摘要:||本研究擬探討利用低風險性殺蟲劑 (reduce-risk pesticide) 做為替代資材，減緩抗藥性問題。此外，亦藉由東方果實蠅 (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)) 的反芻行為 (regurgitation)，探討與評估此行為對殺蟲劑的水平傳播或藉由定點誘殺達到擴大防治範圍的可行性。於甲基丁香油 (methyl eugenol, ME) 中添加賜諾殺、亞滅培、賽速安及剋安勃等四種殺蟲劑測試對雄蟲的致死效果，結果顯示 LC90 分別為 263.6 ppm、176.34 ppm、184.41 ppm 及 181.87 ppm。在殺蟲劑水平傳播試驗中，餵食含賜諾殺、賽速安及亞滅培 的 ME後 24 小時，分別可對東方果實蠅雄蟲造成 45.0±18.5、37.5±7.5 及 12.5±12.5% 的死亡率，而餵食含剋安勃的 ME 與對照組對雄蟲則均無致死效果，對雌蟲水平傳播結果顯示，四種含殺蟲劑的 ME 處理組與對照組間並無顯著差異。含有賜諾殺、賽速安及亞滅培者在處理 48 小時後，分別可對雄蟲造成 75.0±15.5、70.0±5.8 及 37.5±11.8% 的死亡率，與含剋安勃者的 10.0±4.1% 呈顯著差異，而對雌蟲水平傳毒的結果顯示含賜諾殺、亞滅培及賽速安者對雌蟲的死亡率為 47.5±16、22.5±11.1 及 7.5±7.5%，三者間無顯著差異，但與含剋安勃者死亡率為 2.5±2.5% 呈顯著差異。在含不同殺蟲劑 ME 的反芻物誘捕試驗中，顯示含有賜諾殺、賽速安及亞滅培三種殺蟲劑處理組與單獨ME對照組對雄蟲的相對誘捕率間均無顯著差異。在戶外含賜諾殺 ME 的反芻物誘捕試驗中，結果顯示其相對誘捕率與單獨 ME 對照組二者間並無顯著差異，相對誘捕率分別為 40.77±4.4、45.84±4.7%。本次研究比較四種殺蟲劑的致死濃度，及評估四種殺蟲劑應用在東方果實蠅水平傳播的可行性。透過東方果實蠅的反芻行為，藉由低風險性殺蟲劑的水平傳播，不僅擴大了控制範圍，並可降低長期使用廣效性殺蟲劑的風險。|
This study evaluated the use of reduce-risk pesticide as an alternative to reduce insecticide resistance. In addition, the regurgitation behavior of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) was also discussed, evaluated the feasibility of expand the control area of the attract-and-kill site. The LC90 trial for male fruit fly in four insecticides including spinosad-, acetamiprid-, thiamethoxam-, and chlorantraniliprole-laced methyl eugenol were 263.6 ppm, 176.34 ppm, 184.41 ppm, and 181.87 ppm, respectively. The dose of insecticide horizontal transfer trial used LC90 of each insecticides, the results showed that 24-hours mortality rate, including spinosad-, thiamethoxam-, and acetamiprid-laced ME, were 45.0±18.5, 37.5±7.5, and 12.5±12.5% for the male fruit fly. There were no lethal effect on male for chlorantraniliprole-laced ME and the control group. The results of 24-hours mortality rate in female fruit fly showed that there was no significantly different between the four insecticide-laced ME and the control group. The results showed that 48-hour mortality rate, including spinosad-, thiamethoxam-, and acetamiprid-laced ME, were 75.0±15.5, 70.0±5.8, 37.5±11.8% to the male fruit fly, but had significantly different with chlorantraniliprole-laced ME which mortality rate was 10.0±4.1%. The results of 48-hour mortality rate in female fruit fly showed that the mortality rate, spinosad-, acetamiprid- and thiamethoxam-laced ME, was 47.5±16, 22.5±11.1, 7.5±7.5% and had significantly different with chlorantraniliprole-laced ME which mortality rate was 2.5±2.5%. The trial of different regurgitant of insectcides-laced ME as lure, results had shown that there was no significantly different in male relative catch rate. The relative catch rate of regurgitant of spinosad-laced ME and ME outdoor trial were 40.77±4.4 and 45.84±4.7% which were significantly different with the control group. This study provided the lethal dose of four reduced-risk insecticides and the effectiveness of four insecticides horizontal transfer in oriental fruit fly. Applied the regurgitation behavior from feeding on reduced-risk insecticides not only expand the scope of control also reduce the impacts of using broad spectrum insecticides.
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