Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/97898
標題: 溫度及飼育密度對白斑蛾蚋族群增長之影響
Effect of temperature and rearing density on demography of Clogmia albipunctata (Diptera: Psychodidae)
作者: 鍾閔旭
Ming-Hsu Chung
關鍵字: 白斑蛾蚋
兩性生命表
群體飼育
溫度
飼育密度
Clogmia albipunctata
two sex life table
group-rearing
temperature
rearing density
引用: Boumans, L., J.-Y. Zimmer, and F. Verheggen. 2009. First records of the 'bathroom mothmidge' Clogmia albipunctata, a conspicuous element of the Belgian fauna that went unnoticed (Diptera: Psychodidae). Phegea 37: 8. Campos, A. M., C. L. Dos Santos, R. Stumpp, L. H. Da Silva, R. A. Maia, A. P. Paglia, and J. D. Andrade Filho. 2017. Photoperiod differences in sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) species richness and abundance in caves in Minas Gerais State, Brazil. J Med Entomol 54: 100-105. Chelbi, I., and E. Zhioua. 2007. Biology of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the laboratory. Journal of Medical Entomology 44: 597-600. Chi, H. 1988. Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. ENVIRONMENTAL ENTOMOLOGY 17: 9. Chi, H. 1990. Timing of control based on the stage structure of pest populations: a simulation approach. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY 83: 8. Chi, H. 2018. TWOSEX-MSChart: A computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. (http://140.120.197.173/Ecology/). Chi, H., and H. Liu. 1985. Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Environmental Entomology. Efron, B., and R. J. Tibshirani. 1993. An introduction to the bootstrap. Chapman & Hall, New York, NY. Eisen, L., A. J. Monaghan, S. Lozano-Fuentes, D. F. Steinhoff, M. H. Hayden, and P. E. Bieringer. 2014. The impact of temperature on the bionomics of Aedes(Stegomyia)aegypti, with special reference to the cool geographic range margins. Journal of Medical Entomology 51: 496-516. Escovar, J., F. J. Bello, A. Morales, L. Moncada, and E. Cárdenas. 2004. Life tables and reproductive parameters of Lutzomyia spinicrassa (Diptera: Psychodidae) under laboratory conditions. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro 99: 6. Faulde, M., and M. Spiesberger. 2012. Hospital infestations by the moth fly, Clogmia albipunctata (Diptera: Psychodinae), in Germany. J Hosp Infect 81: 134-136. Faulde, M., and M. Spiesberger. 2013. Role of the moth fly Clogmia albipunctata (Diptera: Psychodinae) as a mechanical vector of bacterial pathogens in German hospitals. J Hosp Infect 83: 51-60. Gof, G. J. L., A.-C. Mailleux, C. Detrain, J.-L. Deneubourg, G. Clotuche, and T. Hance. 2010. Group effect on fertility, survival and silk production in the web spinner Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae) during colony foundation. Behaviour 147: 1169-1184. Goodman, D. 1982. Optimal Life Histories, Optimal Notation, and the Value of Reproductive Value. Am. Nat. 119: 803-823. Higuchi, K., H. Saitoh, E. Mizuki, and M. Ohba. 1998. Similarity in moth-fly specific larvicidal activity between two serologically unrelated Bacillus thuringiensis strains. FEMS Microbiology Letters 169: 6. Huang, Y. B., and H. Chi. 2012. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age-specific life tables to insect populations. Insect Sci. 19: 263-273. Jimenez-Guri, E., K. R. Wotton, B. Gavilan, and J. Jaeger. 2014. A staging scheme for the development of the moth midge Clogmia albipunctata. PLoS One 9: e84422. Kasap, O. E., and B. Alten. 2006. Comparative demography of the sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) at constant temperatures. Journal of Vector Ecology 31: 8. Li, W., Y. Yang, W. Xie, Q. Wu, B. Xu, S. Wang, X. Zhu, S. Wang, and Y. Zhang. 2015. Effects of temperature on the age-stage, two-sex life table of Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae). J Econ Entomol 108: 126-134. Marayati, B. F., C. Schal, L. Ponnusamy, C. S. Apperson, T. E. Rowland, and G. Wasserberg. 2015. Attraction and oviposition preferences of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae), vector of Old-World cutaneous leishmaniasis, to larval rearing media. Parasit Vectors 8: 663. Marshall, S. 2012. Flies – The natural history and diversity of diptera., Firefly books Ltd, Buffalo, NY, USA. Mokhtar, A. S., K. A. Braima, H. Peng Chin, J. Jeffery, S. N. Mohd Zain, M. Rohela, Y. L. Lau, I. Jamaiah, J. J. Wilson, and N. M. Abdul-Aziz. 2016. Intestinal myiasis in a malaysian patient caused by larvae of Clogmia albipunctatus (Diptera: Psychodidae). J Med Entomol 53: 957-960. Oboňa, J., and J. Ježek. 2012. Range expansion of the invasive moth midge Clogmia albipunctata (Williston, 1893) in Slovakia (diptera: psychodidae). Folia faunistica Slovaca 17: 5. Ranta, E., H. Rita, and K. Lindström. 1993. Competition versus cooperation: success of individuals foraging alone and in groups. The American Naturali 142: 17. Rivas, G. B., N. A. d. Souza, A. A. Peixoto, and R. V. Bruno. 2014. Effects of temperature and photoperiod on daily activity rhythms of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae). Parasites & Vectors 7: 9. Rocha, T., J. A. d. O. David, and F. H. Caetano. 2011. Ultramorphological features of the egg of Telmatoscopus albipunctatus (Williston) (Diptera, Psychodidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55: 4. Russo, A., G. E. Cocuzza, M. C. Vasta, M. Simola, and G. Virone. 2006. Life fertility tables of Piophila casei L. (Diptera: Piophilidae) reared at five different temperatures. Environmental Entomology 35: 194-200. Saemi, S., H. Rahmani, A. Kavosi, and H. Chi. 2017. Group-rearing did not affect the life table and predation rate of Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) fed on Tetranychus urticae. Systematic and Applied Acarology 22. SAS. 2018. SAS/Stat users guide. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, N.C. Verheggen, F., J. Mignon, J. Louis, E. Haubruge, and J. Vanderpas. 2008. Mothflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in hospitals: a guide to their identification and methods for their control. Acta Clin Belg 63: 251-255.
摘要: 白斑蛾蚋 (Clogmia albipunctata)為雙翅目蛾蚋科 (Diptera, Psychodidae)之昆蟲,常於室內衛浴設施及室外下水道、汙水槽等環境中群聚生長。此衛生環境害蟲之研究資料以研究其分類及分布調查為主,甚少生態相關研究,故本研究以兩性生命表理論進行白斑蛾蚋族群特性之分析,並以群體生命表分析不同幼蟲密度及環境溫度對其族群增長之影響。於個體生命表中,可得知100粒卵可發育成42隻蛾蚋成蟲,幼蟲平均發育時間為18.5日,雌、雄成蟲平均壽命分別為8.8及7.2日,雌成蟲的平均產卵時間與平均產卵量為2.7日及338.2粒卵;族群介量部分,內在增殖率 (intrinsic rate of increase, r)、終極增殖率 (finite rate of increase, λ)及淨繁殖率 (net reproductive rate, R0)分別為0.2079 d-1、1.2310 d-1、74.4子代/個體。於不同幼蟲密度群體生命表中,內在增殖率、終極增殖率及淨繁殖率隨幼蟲密度增加而顯著減少,平均世代時間 (mean generation time, T)則隨幼蟲密度增加而顯著增加。不同溫度群體生命表中,於低溫 (15℃)及室溫 (25℃)環境下,內在增殖率、終極增殖率及平均世代時間隨溫度增加而顯著減少,淨繁殖率則無顯著差異;高溫 (35℃)環境下則蛾蚋無法完成生活史。本研究建立白斑蛾蚋之生命周期及族群特性數據,可為管理策略擬定及生態研究之參考資料。
The moth flies, Clogmia albipunctata (Diptera: Psychodidae), often cluster and grow in the environments of indoor bathroom facilities, outdoor sewer and sewage tank. Previous researches mainly focused on the taxonomy and distribution of this sanitation pest, and there were few researches for the ecology. Hence, we conducted this ecological study with two-sex life table theory to analyze the demographic characteristics of C. albipunctata with individual-reared life table. On the other hand, we evaluated the effects of rearing densities and environmental temperatures on the population increase rate by using group-reared life table. In individual life table trial, 42 adults developed from 100 eggs, mean pre-adult duration was 18.5 day, female and male mean longevity was 8.8 and 7.2 day, respectively. The mean oviposition period and mean fecundity were 2.7 day and 338.2 eggs per female. In population parameters, intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (λ) and the net reproductive rate (R0) of C. albipunctata was 0.2079 d-1、1.2310 d-1、74.4 offspring/individual, respectively. In group-reared life table at different larval densities, intrinsic rate of increase, finite rate of increase and the net reproductive rate were significantly decreasing as the larval densities increasing. Furthermore, mean generation time (T) was significantly increased when the larval densities increased. In group-reared life table at low temperature (15℃) and ambient temperature (25℃), intrinsic rate of increase, finite rate of increase and the mean generation time were significantly decreased when the temperature increased, but the net reproductive rate was not significantly difference when the temperature increased. In addition, C. albipunctata could not complete the life circle at high temperature (35℃). Data in this study can construct the life cycle and population parameters of C. albipunctata and this basic information may be useful to the management strategy and ecology.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/97898
文章公開時間: 2021-08-29
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

文件中的檔案:

取得全文請前往華藝線上圖書館



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.