Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98101
標題: 從中巴經濟走廊計畫看中國對外擴張戰略
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and China's Outbound Expansion Strategy
作者: 蕭淵隆
Yuan-Lung Hsiao
關鍵字: 中巴關係
中巴經濟走廊
對外擴張戰略
地緣經濟理論
China-Pakistan Relations
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
Strategy of Outbound Expansion
Theory of Geo-Economics
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15.〈外交部回應「中方在中巴經濟走廊賺取高額利潤」:堅持共商共建共用〉,《中國一帶一路網》(2018/7/24瀏覽),https://www.yidaiyilu.gov.cn/info/iList.jsp?tm_id=126&cat_id=10122&info_id=10687 16.〈卡西姆港燃煤電站正式進入商業運行〉,《中國電建集團海外投資有限公司》,(2018/8/20瀏覽),http://pr.powerchina.cn/g163/s996/t6764.aspx 17.〈各種發電方式之發電成本〉,《台灣電力公司》(2018/8/31瀏覽),https://www.taipower.com.tw/tc/page.aspx?mid=196 18.〈安哥拉〉,《中華民國外交部》(2018/10/15瀏覽),https://www.mofa.gov.tw/CountryInfo.aspx?CASN=D33B55D537402BAA&n=1C6028CA080A27B3&sms=26470E539B6FA395&s=F39864F689523588 19.〈第1172(1998)號決議〉,《聯合國安全理事會》,(2018/6/19瀏覽),http://www.un.org/zh/sc/documents/resolutions/98/s1172.htm 20.〈推動共建絲綢之路經濟帶和21世紀海上絲綢之路的願景與行動〉,《中國國家改革發展委員會》(2018/7/10瀏覽),http://www.ndrc.gov.cn/gzdt/201503/t20150328_669091.html 21.〈論壇機制〉,《中非合作論壇》(2018/10/9瀏覽),https://www.focac.org/chn/ltjj/ltjz/ 22.〈關於打擊三股勢力合作的雙邊協定〉,《中華人民共和國外交部》(2018/7/10瀏覽),http://www.mfa.gov.cn/mfa_chn//ziliao_611306/tytj_611312/tyfg_611314/t422568.shtml (二)新聞媒體 1.〈中國巴基斯坦51項協議全部清單:15家中國公司參與簽約〉,《新浪財經》(2017/12/02瀏覽),http://finance.sina.com.cn/stock/s/20150421/212622011677.shtml 2.〈中國新視野-從美國「能源獨立」看中國能源安全〉,《中時電子報》(2018/7/1瀏覽),http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20170112000123-260203 3.〈中巴經濟走廊是一帶一路旗艦項目〉,《中國日報中文網》(2018/7/5瀏覽),http://caijing.chinadaily.com.cn/2015-04/16/content_20447618.htm 4.〈中巴首條陸上跨境光纜開通 全長820公里〉,《東方日報網》(2018/7/20瀏覽),http://hk.on.cc/cn/bkn/cnt/news/20180714/bkncn-20180714233250633-0714_05011_001.html 5.〈中國數字電視DTMB國際標準落地巴基斯坦〉,《中國日報網》(2018/7/20瀏覽),www.chinadaily.com.cn/hqcj/gjcj/2015-04.../content_13576053.html 6.〈中國外交官推特上與外國記者論戰媒體稱罕見〉,《新華網》(2018/7/23瀏覽),http://www.xinhuanet.com/world/2016-12/23/c_1120171064.htm 7.〈中緬關係修好 關鍵在陸方調停內戰能力〉,《聯合新聞網》(2018/6/30瀏覽),https://udn.com/news/story/7331/2598360 8.〈「中巴經濟走廊遠景規劃」明確建設發展方向 獲巴方盛讚〉,《新華財經社》(2018/7/25瀏覽),http://tc.xfafinance.com/html/BR/Policy/2017/259461.shtml 9.〈中國又踢鐵板?上合峰會 印度反對一帶一路倡議〉,《新頭殼》(2018/7/29 瀏覽),https://newtalk.tw/news/view/2018-06-11/127502 10.〈中國商船首運巴基斯坦瓜達爾港開啟貿易新航道〉,《BBC中文》(2018/7/31瀏覽),https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/business/2016/11/161114_china_pakistan_trade 11.〈中巴經濟走廊能源工作組第一次會議在京召開〉,《中華人民共和國中央政府》,(2018/8/26瀏覽),http://www.gov.cn/zhuanti/2014-01/14/content_2595691.htm 12.〈中巴能源合作〉,《一帶一路能源合作網》,(2018/8/26瀏覽),http://obor.nea.gov.cn/v_practice/toPictureDetails.html?channelId=1084 13.〈中巴經濟走廊之卡洛特水電站〉,《Daily Pakistan 中文》(2018/8/24瀏覽),http://cn.dailypakistan.com.pk/story/pakistan/565/ 14.〈中巴經濟走廊:'蘇木段'高速公路建成通車〉,《中華建設》(2018/9/8瀏覽),http://www.zhjs.cc/article-55468-1.html 15.〈中建公司承建巴海德拉巴-蘇庫爾高速公路項目〉,《中國經濟網》,(2018/8/26瀏覽),http://intl.ce.cn/specials/zbjj/201706/28/t20170628_23909079.shtml 16.〈中國地面波數字電視國際標準DTMB在巴成功落地〉,《新華網》(2018/7/20瀏覽),http://www.xinhuanet.com/info/2015-04/21/c_134170725.htm 17.〈中國向委內瑞拉再伸援手 習近平馬杜羅各有所圖〉,《BBC中文》(2018/10/6瀏覽),https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/trad/chinese-news-45524575 18.〈巴基斯坦拉合爾橙線軌道項目試運行〉,《中國對外承包工程商會》(2018/7/21瀏覽),www.chinca.org/CICA/info/18053010112011 19.〈巴基斯坦大選會否影響中巴經濟走廊〉,《美國之音》(2018/7/19瀏覽),https://www.voachinese.com/a/news-what-is-the-impact-of-the-pakistani-election-20180717/4486305.html 20.〈巴稱中國同意接手運營瓜達爾港 並願提供新戰機〉,《新浪網》(2018/6/23瀏覽),http://mil.news.sina.com.cn/2011-05-22/1109648342.html 21.〈巴基斯坦軍方高官稱印度試圖破壞中巴經濟走廊項目〉,《路透社》(2018/7/30 瀏覽),https://cn.reuters.com/article/pakistan-india-port-idCNKCS0XA01S 22.〈巴基斯坦防長斥印度破壞中巴經濟走廊〉,《中時電子報》(2018/7/29 瀏覽),http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20170921005159-260408 23.〈巴軍官:中國不會在瓜達爾港設立軍事基地〉,《德國之聲中文網》(2018/10/30瀏覽),https://www.dw.com/zh/巴军官中国不会在瓜达尔港设立军事基地/a-46055979 24.〈厄瓜多要重啟油田 雨林恐不保〉,《臺灣醒報》(2018/10/8瀏覽),https://anntw.com/articles/20140220-pKit 25. 弗林,〈一帶一路論壇:出於爭議印度或將不出席〉,《法國國際廣播電臺》(2018/7/8瀏覽),http://trad.cn.rfi.fr/%E4%B8%AD%E5%9C%8B/20170513-'一帶一路'論壇:出於爭議印度或將不予出席 26.〈瓜達爾港開通集裝箱班輪航線 連通巴基斯坦和中東地區〉,《中國經濟網》(2018/8/1瀏覽),http://intl.ce.cn/specials/zxxx/201803/07/t20180307_28385881.shtml 27.〈加大瓜達爾港建設 美媒:華擬設軍事基地〉,《東網》(2018/8/7瀏覽),http://hk.on.cc/cn/bkn/cnt/news/20171020/bkncn-20171020161043266-1020_05011_001.html 28. 史凡玉,〈瓜達爾自由區十五年建設藍圖〉,《國家建築材料展貿中心》(2018/9/12瀏覽),http://www.cbmeic.com/cnt_1860.html 29.〈以貸款換石油 陸掌控厄瓜多石油〉,《中時電子報》(2018/10/6瀏覽),https://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20180113000200-260301 30.〈北京對非超優惠!33國零關稅+免費設攤位〉,《中時電子報》(2018/10/10瀏覽),https://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20180829002806-260408 31.〈印度反對中巴經濟走廊 陸不甩〉,《中時電子報》(2018/7/29 瀏覽),http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20150604001958-260309 32.李新民,〈中國完成四大油氣通道戰略拼圖〉,《人民網》(2018/7/1瀏覽),http://energy.people.com.cn/n/2015/0706/c71661-27258887.html 33.〈金融危機衝擊阿根廷〉,《大紀元》(2018/10/5瀏覽),http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/8/10/26/n2309503.htm 34.〈非洲 中國對外政治經濟發展的核心〉,《法廣華語》(2018/10/9瀏覽),http://trad.cn.rfi.fr/中國/20180723-非洲-中國對外政治經濟發展的核心 35.〈美學者:莫迪是唯一敢反對中國「一帶一路」的領袖〉,《自由時報》(2017/12/03瀏覽),http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/2258584 36.〈看見瓜達爾港:世界最大深水港解密〉,《中國海事服務網》(2018/9/12瀏覽),www.cnss.com.cn/html/2016/gjgkxw_0201/197978.html 37.〈英媒:中拉論壇強化中國在拉美影響力丨財經頭條網〉,《財經頭條網》(2018/10/4瀏覽),https://www.cj1.com.cn/yes/2015-11-29/52828.html 38.〈美國的抗中利器「海外基建法案」過關 就等川普簽署〉,《鉅亨網》(2018/10/30瀏覽),https://news.cnyes.com/news/id/4212315 39.〈紐時:中國太陽能面板供給過剩的新威脅〉,《大紀元》(2018/8/15瀏覽),http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/12/10/7/n3700176.htm 40. 梁凱怡,〈巴基斯坦邀沙特阿拉伯投資中巴經濟走廊 金額達100億美元〉,《香港01網》(2018/10/30瀏覽),https://www.hk01.com/即時國際/238420/巴基斯坦邀沙特阿拉伯投資中巴經濟走廊-金額達100億美元 41.〈禁售令發威! 中興通訊發聲明 承認營運停擺〉,《自由時報》(2018/10/29瀏覽),http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/2420900 42.〈溫家寶總理在聯合國拉丁美洲和加勒比經濟委員會的演講〉,《人民網》(2018/10/3瀏覽),http://politics.people.com.cn/BIG5/n/2012/0627/c1024-18396098.html 43.〈穆沙拉夫訪華勾畫貿易能源雙走廊〉,《新浪網新聞中心》(2018/7/5 瀏覽),http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2006-02-25/02289195680.shtml 44.〈IFC絲路基金先後入股三峽南亞有意收購巴國有水電資產〉,《21世紀經濟報導》(2018/7/31瀏覽),http://epaper.21jingji.com/html/2016-03/14/content_34410.htm 45.〈OPEC破產連環爆,安哥拉急求IMF紓困〉,《Moneydj新聞》(2018/10/15瀏覽),http://blog.moneydj.com/news/2016/04/07/opec破產連環爆,安哥拉急求imf紓困/ (三)一般資料 1.〈中華人民共和國國民經濟和社會發展第十一個五年規劃綱要〉,《Asia Pacific Energy Portal》(2018/7/5瀏覽),https://policy.asiapacificenergy.org/sites/default/files/中華人民共和國國民經濟和社會發展第十一個五年.pdf 2.〈巴基斯坦返利政策鼓勵電力投資〉,《中國走出去智庫》(2018/8/19瀏覽),http://www.cggthinktank.com/2014-10-16/100073225.html 3.〈巴基斯坦港口介紹〉,《環球運費網》(2018/8/23瀏覽),http://www.100allin.com/ports/QASIM.html 4. 李錚,〈卡西姆電站項目風險控制紀實〉,《新華絲路網/國際工程與勞務雜誌》(2018/8/23瀏覽),http://silkroad.news.cn/Cases/3731.shtml 5.〈對非投資:從資源換基建的'安哥拉模式'〉,《非洲經貿在線》(2018/10/16瀏覽),http://www.aglhr.com/news/zy/sy/ao/2017/0512/1113.html 6. 劉琴,〈剛蓋好就棄用 中國小型水電追不上火電成本〉,《臺灣環境資訊中心》,(2018/8/18瀏覽),https://e-info.org.tw/node/202570 貳、英文部分 一、專書 1.Ali,Ghulam (2017), China-Pakistan Relations: A historical Analysis. Karachi,Pakistan: Oxford University Press. 2.Blackwill, Robert D. and Harris, Jennifer M.,(2016),War by Other Means. USA:The Belknap Of Harvard University Press. 3.Bremmer,Ian(2010),The End of the Free Market:Who Wins the War between States and Corporations?.New York,USA:Portfolio. 4.Choudhry,Shabir (2017), Is CPEC Economic Corridor or a Strategic Game Plan?. Indiana,USA: Author House 5.Chambers, Michael R,ed.,(2002),South Asia in 2020:Future Strategic Balances and Alliances.Carlisle, Pennsylvania,USA:Strategic Studies Institute of the US Army College. 6.Dowden,Richard(2009),Africa,Altered States,Ordinary Miracles.New York,USA:PublicAffairs 7.Ebinger, Charles K (2011), Energy And Security In South Asia : Cooperation Or. Conflict?. Washington DC,USA : Brookings Institution Press. 8.Ellis, R.Evan(2014),China on the Ground in Latin America:Challenge for the Chinese and Impacts on the Region.New York,USA:Palgrave Macmillan. 9. Graver, John W.(2001),Protracted Contest:Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century.Seattle and London:University of Washington. 10.Husan,Moazzam (2016), Putting Pakistan Right: Standpoints on the War on Terror, Energy, Transit Corridors & Economic Development. USA: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 11.Insaidoo,Kwame A.(2016),China: The New Imperialists&Neo-Colonialists in Africa?. Indiana,USA: Author House. 12.Luttwak,Edward(2012),The Rise of China vs. the Logic of Strategy.Cambridge Mass.,USA:The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 13.Miller,Tom(2017),China's Asian Dream.London,UK:Zed Books Ltd. 14.Myber, Margaret and Wise, Carol Eds.(2017),The Political Economy of China-Latin America Relations In The New Millennium. NewYork,USA:Routledge. 15.Rubin,Robert E.&Weisberg,Jacob(2004),In an Uncertain world:Though Choices from Wall Street to Washington. New York, USA:Random House. 16.Roett, Riordan and Paz, Guadalupe,Eds.(2008),China's Expansion into the Western Hemisphere.Washington,D.C.,USA:Brookings Institution Press. 17.Small, Andrew (2015), The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics. USA : Oxford University Press. 18.Steil,Benn & Litan,Robert(2006),Financial Statecraft:The Role of Financial Markets in American Foreign Policy.Conn.,USA:Yale University Press. 19.Shambaugh,David(2013),China Goes Global:The Partial Power.New York,USA:Oxford University Press. 20.Strauss,Julia C. & Armony, Ariel C.,Eds.(2011),China and Latin America in the 21st Century.Cambridge,UK:Cambridge University Press. 21. Sing, Swaran ,Ed.(2007),Sino-Pakistan Stragetic Relations:Indian Perspectives,New Delhi,India,Manohar Books. 22.Taylor,Ian(2010),China's New Role in Africa.London,UK:Lynne Rienner Publisher. 23.Useem,Michael & Singh,Harbir & Liang, Neng & Cappelli,Peter(2017),Fortune Makers-The Leaders Creating China's Great Global Companies. New York,USA:PublicAffairs. 24.Wheatley,Alan(2013),The Power of Currencies and Currencies of Power.London,UK: International Institute for Strategic Studies. 二、期刊 1.Anwar, Javed (2016),'Analysis of energy security, environmental emission and fuel import costs under energy import reduction targets: A case of Pakistan,' Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.65, pp. 1065-1078. 2.Alden,Chris & Hughes, Christopher R.(2009), 'Harmony and Discord in China's Africa Strategy:Some Predictions for Foreign Policy,' China Quartery,no.199,pp.563-584 3.Bräutigam,Deborah & Tang,Xiaoyang(2012),'Economic Statecraft in China's New Overseas Special Economic Zone:Soft Power,Business,or Resource Security?,'International Affairs,Vol.88,No.4,pp.799-816. 4.Breslin,Shaun(2010), 'Understanding China's Regional Rise:Interpretations,Identities,and Implications,' International Affairs,Vol.85,No.4,pp.817-835. 5.Broomfield, Emma V.(2003) ,'Perceptions of Danger:The China Threat Theory,'Journal of Contemparary China, Vol.12,no.35,pp.265-284. 6.Das Valasai, Gordhan &Uqaili, Muhammad Aslam & Memon, HafeezUr Rahman & Samoo, Saleem Raza & Mirjat, Nayyar Hussain & Harijan, Khanji (2017), 'Overcoming electricity crisis in Pakistan: A review of sustainable electricity options,' Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.72, pp. 734-735. 7.Ellis, R.Evan(2011), 'Chinese Soft Power in Latin America:A Case Study,'Joint Force Quarterly,no.60,pp.85-90. 8.Fair, C. Christine (2016),' The China-Pakistan Axis: Asia's New Geopolitics,' Journal Of Asian Studies, Vol.75,No.3, pp. 797-798. 9.Lafargue, Francois(2006),'China's Strategies in Latin America,'Military Review, Vol. 86,no.3,pp.80-84. 10. Mahmud, Khallid(2001),'Sino-Pakistan Relations:An All-Weather Friendship,'Regional Studies,Vol.19,no.3,pp.10 11.Pan,Chengxin(2004),'The 'China Threat' in American Self-Imagination:The Discursive Construction of Other as Power Politics,'Alternatives:Global,Local,Political, Vol.29,no 3,pp.305-331. 12.Qureshi, Asif H. (2015),' China/Pakistan Economic Corridor: A Critical National and International Law Policy Based Perspective,' Chinese Journal of International Law, Vol.14,No.4, pp. 777-799. 13.Viero,Martin(2012), 'Chinese (Un)official Development Aid,'Americas Quarterly,Vol.6,no.1 14. Vertzberger(1983),'The political Economic of Sino-Pakistan Relations,'Asian Survery,Vol.23,no.5,pp.643 15.Zhu,Hongbo(2006), 'Recent Development in China-Latin America Relations and the United States' Latin America Policy,'Journal of Latin American Studies,Vol.4,pp.60-65. 16.Zhang, Ruilian & Andam, Francis & Shi, Guoqing (2017),' Environmental and social risk evaluation of overseas investment under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor,' Environmental Monitoring And Assessment, Vol.189,No.6 文獻號碼:253. 17.Ziegler,Charles E.(2006),'The Energy Factor in China's Foreign Policy,'Journal of Chinese Political Science, Vol.11,no.1,pp.1-23 三、網路資料 (一)官方機構、國際組織 1. 'Business Profile,' Central Power Purchasing Agency(2018/8/22), http://www.cppa.gov.pk/Home/CompanyProfile 2.'China's GDP growth (annual %),'The World Bank Data,(2018/7/1), https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.KD.ZG?locations=CN 3. 'Current Country Risk Classifications,'OECD(2018/8/26), http://www.oecd.org/tad/xcred/crc.htm 4. 'Country Score Card: Pakistan 2018,'World Bank(2018/8/31), https://lpi.worldbank.org/international/scorecard/radar/254/C/PAK/2018#chartarea 5. 'Note on Pakistan National Trade Corridor Program March 2007,'World Bank,(2018/7/1), http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSARREGTOPTRANSPORT/1349790-1131103816279/21313275/NTC_Note_for_SAR_strategyAprl21_2007.pdf 6.'CPEC Projects-Energy,'CPEC,(2018/6/30), http://cpec.gov.pk/energy 7.'CPEC Projects-Infrastructure,'CPEC(2018/7/10), http://cpec.gov.pk/infrastructure 8.'CPEC Projects-Gwader,'CPEC(2018/7/13), http://cpec.gov.pk/gwader 9.'CPEC Projects-others Projects,'CPEC(2018/7/16), http://cpec.gov.pk/others 10. 'CPEC Projects-Rail Based Mass Transit Projects,'CPEC(2018/7/18), http://cpec.gov.pk/mass-transit-projects 11.'CPEC Projects-New Provincial Projects,'CPEC(2018/7/18), http://cpec.gov.pk/new-provincial-projects 12.'CPEC Projects-Special Economic Zones,'CPEC(2018/7/20), http://cpec.gov.pk/special-economic-zones-projects 13.'CPEC Projects-Social Sector Development Projects,'CPEC(2018/7/21), http://cpec.gov.pk/social-sector-development-projects 14.'CPEC Projects-Westren Route Projects,'CPEC(2018/7/22), http://cpec.gov.pk/westren-route 15.'Cumulative Imports by Major Countries,' Pakistan Bureau of Statistics(2018/8/1), http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/14.07_0.pdf 16. 'Cumulative Exports by Major Countries,' Pakistan Bureau of Statistics(2018/8/1), http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/14.06_0.pdf 17. 'Fiscal Monitor April 2018,' International Monetary Fund(2018/8/2), file:///C:/Users/lilin001/Downloads/fm1801.pdf 18. 'Gross savings (% of GDP)China-United States,'World Bank(2018/9/15), https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNS.ICTR.ZS?locations=US-CN 19. ' GDP (current US$),' World Bank(2018/10/25), https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?view=chart 20.'Long Term Plan China-Pakistan Economic Corridor(2017-2030),'CPEC(2018/7/25), http://cpec.gov.pk/brain/public/uploads/documents/CPEC-LTP.pdf 21. Mirza, Shah Jahan ,'Pakistan's Power Sector And Role Of Private Investment,' Private Power & Infrastructure Board Ministry of Water & Power Government of Pakistan(2018/8/20), http://www.energynet.co.uk/webfm_send/1593 22. 'Ongoing Projects,'NHA, Ministry Of Communications, Government Of Pakistan (2018/9/1), http://www.na.gov.pk/cpec/sites/default/files/presentations/20151026-Presentation-For-Parliamentary-Commitee-on-CPEC.pdf 23.'Pakistan's External Debt and Liabilities – Outstanding,' State Bank of Pakistan(2018/8/1), http://www.sbp.org.pk/ecodata/pakdebt.pdf 24.'Pakistan Human Development Index Report,'UNDP Pakistan (2018/8/7), http://www.pk.undp.org/content/dam/pakistan/docs/HDR/HDI%20Report_2017.pdf 25.'Pakistan - Electrical Power Systems,' The International Trade Administration,US(2018/8/10),https://www.export.gov/article?id=Pakistan-Electrical-Power-Systems 26.'Pakistan Economic Survey-Energy,' Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan(2018/7/31),http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters_13/14-energy.pdf 27. 'Pakistan Economic Survey-Energy,' Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan(2018/8/15), http://www.finance.gov.pk/survey/chapters_18/Economic_Survey_2017_18.pdf 28. 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'State Of Industry Report 2016,'National Electric Power Regulatory Authority,(2018/06/10), http://www.nepra.org.pk/Publications/State%20of%20Industry%20Reports/NEPRA%20State%20of%20Industry%20Report%202016.pdf 32.'The World Bank In Pakistan-overview,' World Bank (2018/8/7), http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/pakistan/overview 33.'US Legislation On Pakistan,'PBS(2018/6/18),https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/taliban/pakistan/uspolicychart.html 34.'Value of Foreign Trade,' Pakistan Bureau of Statistics(2018/8/1), http://www.pbs.gov.pk/sites/default/files//tables/14.01_0.pdf 35.'World Container Traffic Data 2017,'International Association of Ports and Habors(2018/8/6), http://www.iaphworldports.org/iaph/wp-content/uploads/WorldPortTraffic-Data_for_IAPH_using_LL_data_2017_Final.pdf 36. 'World Vehicles In Use - All Vehicles,' International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers(2018/9/1), http://www.oica.net/wp-content/uploads//Total_in-use-All-Vehicles.pdf 37. Zaheer, Captain K. Raffat,'Development And Operations Of The Port Of Gwadar,' International Federation of Shipmasters' Associations(2018/9/13), http://www.ifsma.org/tempannounce/aga33/Gwadar.pdf (二)新聞媒體 1. 'CPEC project turns out to be a security headache for China, Pakistan: Report,'Indian Express(2018/6/23), http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2018/apr/23/cpec-project-turns-out-to-be-a-security-headache-for-china-pakistan-report-1805198.html 2.'CDWP clears way for Karachi Circular Railway, Peshawar Sustainable Bus project,' The Express Tribune (2018/7/11), https://tribune.com.pk/story/1400373/cdwp-clears-way-karachi-circular-railway-peshawar-sustainable-bus-project/ 3.'China brushes aside anti-CPEC propaganda,'Dawn(2018/7/23), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1303405 4.'China's $2 Billion Pakistan Loan Shows Desire to Keep Khan Close,'Bloomberg(2018/8/2), https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-08-01/china-s-2-billion-pakistan-loan-shows-desire-to-keep-khan-close 5. 'China to get 91pc Gwadar income, minister tells Senate,'Dawn(2018//9/1), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1372695 6.'China's Global Ambitions, Cash and Strings Attached,'The New York Times(2018/10/7), https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/26/business/international/chinas-global-ambitions-with-loans-and-strings-attached.html 7. 'Ecnec approves revival of Karachi Circular Railway under CPEC,'Dawn(2018/7/23), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1362264 8. 'Electricity import – an option worth no consideration,' Pakistan & Gulf Economist(2018/8/19), http://www.pakistaneconomist.com/2018/07/30/electricity-import-an-option-worth-no-consideration/ 9. Fallahi, Ebrahim,' IP gas pipeline: A fading opportunity for Pakistan,'Moderndiplomacy,(2018/7/4), https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2018/03/05/ip-gas-pipeline-fading-opportunity-pakistan/ 10. Fallahi, Ebrahim,' IP gas pipeline: A fading opportunity for Pakistan,'moderndiplomacy,(2018/7/4), https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2018/03/05/ip-gas-pipeline-fading-opportunity-pakistan/ 11. 'Gwadar and the String of Pearls,' Gateway House(2018/9/10), https://www.gatewayhouse.in/gwadar-and-the-string-of-pearls-2/ 12. 'Gwadar port:history-making milestones,'Dawn(2018/9/11), https://www.Dawn.com/news/297994/gwadar-port 13. 'Gwadar Expressway cost capped at $168m,' The Express Tribune(2018/9/12), https://tribune.com.pk/story/1406777/gwadar-expressway-cost-capped-168m/ 14. Husain, Khurram, 'CPEC cost build-up,'Dawn(2018/8/19), https://www.Dawn.com/authors/675/khurram-husain 15. 'IMF Bailout Looms For Pakistan as Debt Surge Raises Alarm,' Bloomberg(2018/8/1), https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-30/imf-bailout-looms-for-pakistan-as-debt-surge-raises-alarm 16. 'Iran Power Export to Pakistan Up 5%,' Financial Tribune Daily(2018/8/16), https://financialtribune.com/articles/energy-economy/77618/iran-power-export-to-pakistan-up-5 17. Jamal, Nasir, 'The cost of CPEC,'Dawn(2017/12/3), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1320028 18. Kucera ,Joshua, 'The New Silk Road?,' The Diplomat (2018/7/10), https://thediplomat.com/2011/11/the-new-silk-road/ 19. Khan,Raza,'15,000 troops of Special Security Division to protect CPEC projects, Chinese nationals,'Dawn(2018/6/22), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1277182 20. 'Karachi to Lahore motorway project approved,'Dawn(2018/9/6), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1116948 21. Koran, Laura, 'Why China's footprint in Africa worries the US,'CNN(2018/10/1), https://edition.cnn.com/2018/03/10/politics/china-africa-footprint-tillerson/index.html 22. Monitoring Desk, 'China in talks with Baloch militants to secure CPEC projects, says FT,'Dawn(2018/6/22), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1390520 23. Majeed, Abdul,'This is CPEC,' The News International(2018/8/6), https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/193521-this-is-CPEC 24. 'Major projects along the China–Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC),' Global Times(2018/8/25), http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1026144.shtml 25. 'MPs for accelerating work on western route of CPEC,'The Nation(2018/9/5), https://nation.com.pk/04-Sep-2018/mps-for-accelerating-work-on-western-route-of-cpec 26. 'Opposition parties still confused over govt's stance on CPEC route,'Dawn(2018/9/3), https://www.Dawn.com/news/1182731 27. 'Pakistan's external debt to climb to $103b by June 2019: IMF report,'The Express Tribune(2018/8/1), https://tribune.com.pk/story/1636130/2-pakistans-external-debt-liabilities-touch-89-billion/ 28. 'Power Policy 2015 promises to offer better incentives,' Business Recorder(2018/8/26), http://fp.brecorder.com/2015/02/201502251155172/ 29. 'Pakistan to hand over 2,281 acres of Gwadar's free trade zone to Chinese,' The Express Tribune(2018/8/6), https://tribune.com.pk/story/988331/gwadars-free-trade-zone-pakistan-to-hand-over-2281-acres-to-chinese-on-nov-11/ 30.'Pakistan waives off bidding condition for CPEC projects,' The Express Tribune(2018/8/31), https://tribune.com.pk/story/1122836/eccs-decisions-bidding-condition-waived-off-cpec-projects/ 31. Pham, Sherisse, 'US strikes at the heart of China's tech ambitions with chipmaker ban,' CNN Business (2018/10/31), https://edition.cnn.com/2018/10/30/tech/trade-war-fujian-jinhua/index.html 32. 'Pakistan says Saudi Arabia won't be part of CPEC, claims Riyadh's investments to fall under separate bilateral arrangement,'First Post (2018/10/31), https://www.firstpost.com/world/pakistan-says-saudi-arabia-wont-be-part-of-cpec-claims-riyadhs-investments-to-fall-under-separate-bilateral-arrangement-5307391.html 33. Rasool, Balach, ' K-Electric Says Load Shedding Expected to Reduce by May 20,' HamariWeb News,(2018/06/09), https://enews.hamariweb.com/pakistan/k-electric-says-load-shedding-expected-to-reduce-by-may-20/ 34. Shafqat, Shazar,'CPEC and the Baloch Insurgency,'The Diplomat(2018/8/7),https://thediplomat.com/2017/02/cpec-and-the-baloch-insurgency/ 35. 'Senate panel dissatisfied with progress on CPEC's western route,' Business Recorder(2018/9/8), https://fp.brecorder.com/2018/09/20180907405349/ 36. 'Sales tax, FED: government criticized for granting exemption to Chinese company,' Business Recorder(2018/9/1), https://fp.brecorder.com/2018/02/20180228347718/ 37.'South African president rejects claims of Chinese 'colonialism',' The Herald(2018/10/1), https://www.herald.co.zw/south-african-president-rejects-claims-of-chinese-colonialism/ 38. 'Saudi Arabia 'to invest $10bn' in China Pakistan Economic Corridor,'Daily Pakistan(2018/10/30), https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/headline/saudi-arabia-agrees-to-invest-10bn-in-pakistan/ 39. 'Saudi Arabia to become third strategic partner in CPEC, confirms info minister,'Daily Pakistan(2018/10/31), https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/headline/saudi-arabia-to-become-third-strategic-partner-in-cpec-confirms-info-minister/ 40.'US comes out publicly against CPEC for the first time, says it passes through disputed territory,' Daily Pakistan (2018/7/31), https://en.dailypakistan.com.pk/headline/us-backs-india-says-cpec-passes-through-disputed-territory/ 41.'U.S.' Pompeo warns against IMF bailout for Pakistan that aids China,'Reuters(2018/8/2), https://www.reuters.com/article/us-imf-pakistan/us-pompeo-warns-against-imf-bailout-for-pakistan-that-aids-china-idUSKBN1KK2G5 42. '1.75 million tourists visited Pakistan in 2017: PTDC,'The News(2018/8/26), https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/309042-175-million-tourists-visited-pakistan-in-2017-ptdc (三)一般資料 1.'BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2017,'BP(2018/8/12), https://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/en/corporate/pdf/energy-economics/statistical-review-2017/bp-statistical-review-of-world-energy-2017-full-report.pdf 2. 'BRI Factsheet Series - Gwadar East-Bay Expressway,'Belt And Road Initiative(2018/9/16), https://www.beltroad-initiative.com/ 3. Mansoor, Khalid & Babar, Nadeem & Akbar, Javed & Ali, Syed Muhammad & Tareen, Tayyab & Khan, Mumtaz Hasan & Suttar ,Yacoob & Saqib, Muhammad, 'Pakistan Economic Forum – Energy Panel,' Pakistan Business Council,(2018/06/05), http://www.pbc.org.pk/wp-content/uploads/Towards-Pakistanu2019s-Energy-Security-and-Competitiveness.pdf 4.'Pakistan population density,' Wikimedia Commons(2018/8/6),https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pakistan_population_density.png 5.Patel, Ravi and Zhao, Nelson,'Keeping the Lights on: Fixing Pakistan's Energy Crisis,' Federation of American Scientists(2018/7/30), https://fas.org/pir-pubs/keeping-lights-fixing-pakistans-energy-crisis/ 6. 'Pakistan Power Stations Map,' Alhasan Systems Private Limited(2018/8/15),http://www.alhasan.com/sites/default/files/powerstation.png 7. 'Pakistan Power Stations Map,' Alhasan Systems Private Limited(2018/8/15),http://www.alhasan.com/sites/default/files/0001_18.png 8. 'Pakistan River Map,'Maps of World(2018/8/28), https://www.mapsofworld.com/pakistan/pakistan-river-map.html 9. 'Project Progress,' Karot Power Company (Pvt) Ltd(2018/8/30), http://karotpower.com/Projects/Project-Progress 10. 'S&P Global Ratings Definitions,' Standard & Poor's Financial Services(2018/10/5), https://www.standardandpoors.com/en_US/web/guest/article/-/view/sourceId/504352 11. Zhao,Shurong & Rahman ,Saif Ur,'Analysis of Chinese Economic and National Security Interests in China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) under the Framework of One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative,'Arts and Social Sciences Journal,(2018/5/30), https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/analysis-of-chinese-economic-and-national-security-interests-in-chinapakistan-economic-corridor-cpec-under-the-framework-of-one-be-2151-6200-1000284.pdf 12. '720MW Karot Hydropower Project Pakistan- Environmental and Social Impact Assessment,' Mott MacDonald(2018/8/28), http://karotpower.com/uploads/Karot%20HPP%20ESIA%20Volume%20I_ESIA_NTS_Final%20.pdf
摘要: 中國大陸自1999年開始大力推動國營企業走出去的對外擴張戰略後,範圍陸續遍及世界各主要地區,特別對於非洲與拉丁美洲許多開發中國家的投資、貿易往來、能源獲取與積極在當地進行基礎建設工程等,更引起世人的矚目,也引起正反不一的評價。 現階段中國大陸積極倡議的中巴經濟走廊計畫(CPEC),也是著重在基礎與能源建設上,並獲得巴基斯坦政府的大力配合與支持,然而,該計畫也引發了許多爭議和辯論。這真的符合巴基斯坦人民的利益嗎?還是一圓中國大陸的強國夢;又或藉由CPEC維護其自身國家安全? 從Robert D. Blackwill與Jennifer M. Harris所主張的地緣經濟概念,即以地緣政治觀點瞭解經濟議題,確實較能精確解釋為何中國大陸會採用強大的國家資金、國營企業推動此次CPEC。本次研究將會從介紹上述地緣經濟學理論開始,然後提出一個調整模式並可解釋CPEC案例,其主要目的是探討中國大陸與巴基斯坦合作所採取的動機和手段,後續還將CPEC與中國大陸在非洲安哥拉和拉丁美洲厄瓜多的兩個類似投資項目進行比較,以找出當代中國大陸對外擴張戰略的異同。最後,本文也對地緣經濟學理論進行了一些評價,並對未來類似主題的研究提出建議。
In 1999, China initiated the 'Going Out' policy of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) for outbound expansion strategy. Over the next 20 years many Chinese SOEs successfully conducted several massive projects, especially energy and infrastructure construction projects in Africa and Latin America. The impact of such projects, either positive or negative, deserves more attention. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor(CPEC) is a large-scale plan of energy an infrastructure constructions, and has received strong support from the Pakistani government. Yet the plan has been also shrouded with a lot of controversies and debates. Do it really serve the interest of the Pakistani people? Or it simply fulfills the 'great power's dream' of China? Does China use CPEC to safeguard its national security? By employing the perspective of geo-economics, a theory adopting geopolitical views to study economic issues and developed by Robert D. Blackwill and Jennifer M. Harris, this thesis attempts to explain why Chinese government strongly supports its SOEs to conduct projects under the CPEC. The research starts by introducing the theory of geo-economics, and then develops a reformed model to fit the case of CPEC. The main purpose is to explore the motives behind and means adopted by Chinese government in cooperation with Pakistan. Later the thesis also compares the CPEC to China's two similar projects in Angola of Africa and Ecuador of Latin America to find similarities and differences of China's expansion strategy. Finally the thesis provide some evaluations of theory of geo-economics as well as suggestions for future studies of similar topics.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98101
文章公開時間: 2019-01-23
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