Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98102
標題: 從理性選擇理論看蘇格蘭分離運動
Rational Choice Theory and Scottish Secession Movement
作者: 賴郁璇
Yu-Hsuan Lai
關鍵字: 蘇格蘭分離運動
民族主義
獨立公投
理性選擇理論
Scottish Secession movement
Nationalism
independent referendum
rational choice theory
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摘要: 2014 年9月18日,在聯合王國境內的蘇格蘭舉行了一場震撼世界的獨立公投。蘇格蘭人必須做出的決定是「你是否同意蘇格蘭成為一個獨立國家?」雖然此結果看似是一場毫無變動國際局勢的公民投票,實則卻大大吸引國際目光。 本文旨在理解是什麼因素,決定了蘇格蘭採取「分離運動」的行徑?本文假設影響蘇格蘭分離運動的關鍵為「經濟因素」,並透過民族歷史回顧、政黨政策渲染、財政經濟自主為誘因、國際社群媒體施壓等議題來探討分離的原因。 同時使用理性選擇理論作為研究途徑,探討蘇格蘭分離運動失敗原因是否是受經濟因素所約制,同時解釋經濟因素是如何影響選民抉擇。 最後提出蘇格蘭在分離運動的策略選擇上,應以續留英國以換取更多自治權作為本文結論。
The Scotland independence referendum took place on Thursday 18 September 2014. The decision Scottish people have to made was about whether Scotland should be an independent from the United Kingdom or not. Although Scotland has voted to stay in the United Kingdom after voters decisively rejected independence, this issue attracted a lot attention and influenced others. This thesis seeks to comprehend what factors determine the Scottish Secession movement emerged. This paper assumes that the key to the Scottish Session Movement is 'economic factors' and explores the reasons for separation through the review of national history, the policies of political party, fiscal economic autonomy, and the pressure on the international social media. Using rational choice theory as a research approach to explore whether the cause of the failure of the Scottish Secession Movement is influenced by economic factors and explains how economic factors influence voters' choices. Finally, it is suggested that Scotland should choose to stay in the UK in exchange for more autonomy as the conclusion of this paper.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98102
文章公開時間: 2022-02-11
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