Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98181
標題: 以不同材質元素作為視障者體驗戶外環境之線索研究
Using Different Materials as Cues for Visually Impaired People to Experience Outdoor Environment
作者: 柯炳如
Bing-Ru Ke
關鍵字: 視障者
環境線索
定向行動
visual impairment
environmental cues
orientation and mobility
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摘要: 視障者由於本身視覺的缺陷,在生活上產生相當多的限制,也因為外在環境設施的不足,讓他們很少想要外出,到戶外環境如公園活動,更因此也減少了接觸大自然的機會。 在有關視障者的研究文獻中,以電子設備或觸覺地圖的引導方式的研究很多,但對於使用戶外環境中的元素來達到辨認引導功能的研究卻是較為少見。基於以上,本研究實驗設計係採用以不同條件的比較測試,探討不同材質的環境線索對視障學生的定向行動能力表現的影響效果;再以訪談方式,瞭解受試者的心理感受與評價。本研究首先進行3 項前導研究,找出觸摸植物的感受形容詞,具代表性的植物與觸覺感受情緒。接著進行正式研究,分為5 項子研究。實驗過程安排植物形成實驗路徑讓15位受測者(視覺障礙學生)沿著預設的路徑行走,並記錄參與者完成路徑的時間,偏離的情形與對於路徑形狀的了解情形,並提供3 種類型的環境線索,包括植物、非生命性材質與兩者的組合。研究的結果發現,隨著完成路徑的次數增加,參與者對於環境線索的辨識情形更佳,而且他們的定向行動表現也更好,顯示環境線索有助於視障者的定向行動。 將檢測結果進行單因子變異數分析與無母數分析,結果發現參與的視障學生,對於環境線索的辨識情形與「不偏離的情形」與「對於路徑形狀的了解」呈現正相關,與「完成路徑的時間」呈現負相關,顯示環境線索的辨識,對於視障學生定向行動中的表現有正向的影響, 3種環境線索間對於定向行動表現的影響,並沒有明顯的差異。
Due to the visual defects of the visually impaired, the visually impaired people have considerable restrictions on their lives, and because of the lack of guiding facilities, they rarely want to go out for activities in outdoor environments such as strolling in the parks. Thus the chances to contact with nature for them become lower and lower. In the research literature on visually impaired people, there are many studies on the guiding methods of electronic devices or tactile maps, but it is rare to use the elements in the outdoor environment to achieve the identification and guiding functions. Based on the above, the experimental design of this study uses comparative tests of different conditions to explore the effect of environmental cues of different materials on the performance of visually impaired students' orientation and movement. We also use interviews to understand the feelings and viewpoints of the subjects. This study begins with three pilot studies to identify sensory adjectives when people touch plants, representative plant and tactile sensations. A formal study was then conducted and divided into five sub-studies. The experimental process arranged the a path along hedge to allow 15 subjects (visually impaired students) to walk along this preset path and record the time the participants completed the path, the deviation from the path and the understanding of the shape of the path. Along the path, there are three kinds of environmental cues provided to guiding the anticipants. The environmental cues include plants, non-life material and both of them. By the results of our research, as the times of completing the path increases and the identification of environment cues becomes more correct as time passing, their performances in orientation and mobility have made noticeable improvement. It indicates that environmental cues are beneficial for improving their performances in orientation and mobility. The results of the analysis were statistically analyzed by single-factor analysis and nonparametric statistics. It was found that the identification of environmental cues by the visually impaired students was positively correlated with the 'no deviation from the path' and 'the understanding of the path shape'. The 'time' presents a negative correlation, showing the identification of environmental cues, which has a positive impact on the performance of visually impaired students in directed actions. Meanwhile, there is no significant difference in the impact of the three environmental cues on the performance of directional actions.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98181
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
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