Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98267
標題: 區塊鏈技術應用於智能汽車之里程數與車況記錄
Blockchain Technology for Smart Vehicle:The Mileage and Condition Recording
作者: 李奇
Chi Li
關鍵字: 區塊鏈
智能合約
智能汽車
資料完整性
Blockchain
Smart Contract
Smart Vehicle
Data Integrity
引用: 1. abc好車網, 車輛里程數查詢:'https://www.abccar.com.tw/mileage' 2. AutoCheck Score does a number on traditional vehicle history reports : 'https://www.experian.com/assets/automotive/white-papers/experian-automotive-autocheck-score-white-paper.pdf' 3. Buterin, Vitalik. 'A next-generation smart contract and decentralized application platform.' 2014. 4. Buterin, Vitalik. 'Bitcoin network shaken by blockchain fork.' Bitcoin Mangazine 12 ,2013. 5. Buterin, Vitalik. 'Ethereum white paper.' 2013. 6. C. K. Frantz, and M. Nowostawski, 'From institutions to code: Towards automated generation of smart contracts.' Foundations and Applications of Self* Systems, IEEE International Workshops on. IEEE, 2016 7. CARFAX – Used Car Listings and Vehicle History Reports : 'https://www.carfax.com/' 8. Dak, Ahmad Yusri, Saadiah Yahya, and Murizah Kassim. 'A literature survey on security challenges in VANETs.' International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering 4.6 (2012): 1007. 9. Dorri, Ali, et al. 'BlockChain: A distributed solution to automotive security and privacy.' arXiv preprint arXiv:1704.00073, 2017. 10. Feder, Amir, et al. 'The Impact of Security Shocks in the Bitcoin Ecosystem: Evidence from Mt. Gox.' University of California Berkeley (2016). 11. G. Wood, 'Ethereum: A secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger.' Ethereum Project Yellow Paper , 2014. 12. https://blockchain.info/ 13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin 14. Konstantinos Christidis, and Michael Devetsikiotis. 'Blockchains and Smart Contracts for the Internet of Things.' IEEE Access 4 (2016): pp.2292-2303, 2016 15. Michele D'Aliessi, 'How Does the Blockchain Work?', https://medium.com/@micheledaliessi/how-does-the-blockchain-work-98c8cd01d2ae. 16. Rawat, Ajay, Santosh Sharma, and Rama Sushil. 'VANET: Security attacks and its possible solutions.' Journal of Information and Operations Management 3.1 (2012): 301. 17. Samara, Ghassan, Wafaa AH Al-Salihy, and R. Sures. 'Security issues and challenges of vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET).' New Trends in Information Science and Service Science (NISS), 2010 4th International Conference on. IEEE, 2010. 18. Solidity文檔:https://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ 19. T. A. Weber, 'Product Pricing in a Peer-to-Peer Economy.' Journal of Management Information Systems, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 573-596, 2016. 20. Tikhomirov, Sergei. 'Ethereum: state of knowledge and research perspectives', 2017. 21. User 'QuantumMechanic' et al. 2011. Proof of stake instead of proof of work. Bitcoin forum thread, 'https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=27787.0' 22. Zhao, Jing, and Guohong Cao. 'VADD: Vehicle-assisted data delivery in vehicular ad hoc networks.' IEEE transactions on vehicular technology 57.3 (2008): 1910-1922. 23. 內政部警政署,交通事故統計分析:http://www.hpb.gov.tw/files/11-1000-148.php 24. 以太幣值走勢:https://www.coingecko.com/en/price_charts/ethereum/twd 25. 交通部, 機動車輛數常用資料查詢 : 'http://stat.motc.gov.tw/mocdb/stmain.jsp?sys=100&funid=a3301' 26. 區塊鏈Demo:https://anders.com/blockchain/ 27. Odometer Fraud : https://web.archive.org/web/20070713192206/http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/portal/site/nhtsa/template.MAXIMIZE/menuitem.893c19c9fb974f825c420087dba046a0/?javax.portlet.tpst=4670b93a0b088a006bc1d6b760008a0c_ws_MX&javax.portlet.prp_4670b93a0b088a006bc1d6b760008a0c_viewID=detail_view&javax.portlet.begCacheTok=com.vignette.cachetoken&javax.portlet.endCacheTok=com.vignette.cachetoken&itemID=3d57f7efc9ab8010VgnVCM1000002c567798RCRD&overrideViewName=Article 28. 新北市政府法制局統計專區:https://www.law.ntpc.gov.tw/home.jsp?id=160&parentpath=0 29. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation):https://www.json.org/ 30. Geth的命令說明:https://learnblockchain.cn/2017/11/29/geth_cmd_options/
摘要: 從世上第一輛汽車誕生至今已過百年以上,而配合著電腦軟硬體技術的進步,汽車發展至今也進入了自動化、智能化汽車的階段,在越來越多的功能將由電腦協助執行的同時,人們也能享受著更方便、更安全的駕駛環境。然而對於汽車而言,維護保養的重要性可謂不容小覷,且在買賣汽車時也有許多要注意的部分。 也許有人碰過這種情況:購買二手車時無法得知汽車真正的概況,譬如不清楚里程數是否遭調過,亦或是否發生過事故等,這些資訊都只能根據汽車經銷商的說詞與資料,沒有一個較可信的方式證明其真偽,買家不得已只好相信資訊為真。這種情境的發生主要是因為現行里程數及車況記錄機制有所不足,缺乏一個百分之百可以信任的資料來源的緣故。 為了解決這一困境,本研究為智能汽車設計了一個基於區塊鏈的里程數記錄方法。藉助於區塊鏈帳本特性,在車輛定期記錄下里程數資訊後,上傳至區塊鏈平台,讓平台協助車輛將里程數值記錄於區塊鏈上,以賦予數據不可篡改之性質。這一方法將能把車輛實際開過的里程數保存下來,並且有著資料完整性,可以用於日後二手車輛的交易或作為談汽車保險時的依據,避免買家遭受里程數欺詐(Odometer fraud)的窘境,讓買賣雙方能夠真正信任這次的交易。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98267
文章公開時間: 10000-01-01
Appears in Collections:資訊管理學系

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