Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98296
標題: 短期停止運動訓練對於心血管風險因子之影響
The Influence of Short-term Detraining on Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor
作者: 王惠姍
Hui-Shan Wang
關鍵字: 停止運動訓練
心肺適能
細胞激素
唾液免疫球蛋白
detraining
cardiorespiratory fitness
cytokines
salivary immunoglobulin
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摘要: 目前已知適量的運動可以降低心血管疾病的罹患率,其作用在於降低血漿中膽固醇、三酸甘油酯、低密度脂蛋白濃度、提高高密度脂蛋白濃度,而規律的運動也有降低發炎指標的效果,能夠降低體內促發炎細胞激素的濃度,可以有效的預防並控制因低程度發炎反應引起的慢性疾病。但較少研究針對停止運動訓練與心血管疾病作探討。因此本研究目的從停止運動訓練及心血管疾病的角度探討短期停止運動訓練對人體生理生化方面之影響。 本研究招募12位平時具有規律運動且健康的成年人,且受測者每週從事運動至少3次以上,每次30分鐘以上的運動,參加為期7天的停止運動訓練,實驗前後都會測試最大攝氧量(VO2max),在停止的第一、三、七天採集其血液及唾液樣本,血液樣本分析血漿中三酸甘油酯(Triacylglycerol, TG)、葡萄糖(Glucose)、總膽固醇(total cholesterol, TC)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL-C)、C-反應蛋白(CRP)、細胞激素,唾液樣本分析唾液免疫球蛋白(Salivary immunoglobulin A, S-IgA)之濃度,並提醒受試者,儘量維持與平時相同的飲食型態。 研究結果顯示VO2max有顯著降低(p=0.036),體脂肪(p=0.007)及血漿中TG(p=0.026)有顯著上升,在其他血液生化值、細胞激素及IgA皆無顯著差異(p>0.05)。 本研究認為了解短期停止運動訓練的所帶來影響,可用於解釋長時間規律運動之重要性及價值。
Regular exercise known reduces cardiovascular disease risk. The mechanism is to decrease concentration of plasma cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol level. Furthermore, regular exercise grade reduces the inflammatory markers and prevents chronic disease caused by low inflammation. However, there were very limited study investigated the influence of detraining on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effects of short-term detraining on human physiological and biochemistry from the perspective of detraining and cardiovascular disease. We recruited 12 healthy adults who were regular exercise 3 times/wk, 30 minutes to participate in our research. All subjects were asked to stop exercise for 7 days. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were measured before stop training and 7 days after detraining. The blood samples and saliva samples were collected on detraining day1, 3, and 7. Plasma samples were analyzed triacylglycerol (TG), glucose, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, C reactive protein (CRP), cytokines, and saliva samples were analyzed salivary immunoglobulin A (S-IgA). Subjects were asked to maintain their diet as usual. The results showed that there were significant difference in VO2max (p=0.036), body fat (p=0.007) and TG (p=0.026) after stop training. However, there were no significant difference in other blood biochemical index, cytokines and IgA (p>0.05). We suggested realizing the influence of short-term detraining can know how important to do regular exercise.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/98296
文章公開時間: 2021-08-29
Appears in Collections:運動與健康管理研究所

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