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The Classical Prose Movement in the Late-Tang: The Case of Sun Qiao
classical prose movement
writing as game
Numerous scholars have noted the importance of Tang-Sung classical prose movement which arose during the mid-Tang and shed light on its literary and intellectual legacy in the pre-modern China. However, in spite of much attention to the two towering pioneers of the movement, Han Yu and Liu Zongyuan, and their fellows and influences, we still know little about how this trend changed during the late-Tang and Five-dynasties period. This article explores the process and features of the classical prose in the late-Tang by focusing on Sun Qiao, the ＂third-generation disciple＂ of Han Yu. The first summarizes the difficulty of late-Tang prose studying and Sun's literary role. The second points out Sun's writing strategy which centered on the ＂strange＂ through his works and literary opinions. The third analyses the relationship between two concepts, ＂tools of Way＂ and ＂writing as game＂, in Han's literary theory. The fourth explains how Han combined the virtue of ＂classical＂ with writing and compares his attitude with Sun's toward Buddhism and other thoughts, showing that Sun was therefore deemed by the Sung Confusianists as early medieval literati rather than successor of Han. In short, Sun inherited Han's writing skills instead of the critical and complete thinking of ＂Way＂, and it seems that this deficiency led Sun astray in search of ＂strange＂ and deepen the ＂weak＂ impression of classical prose in the late-Tang.
|Appears in Collections:||興大中文學報 第44期|
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