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標題: 雅俗之間:魯迅與張恨水的女性書寫與主體性分析
Between the Elegance and the Vulgar: Lu Xun and Zhang Henshui's Female Writing and Subjectivity Analysis
作者: 薛熹禎
Sul, Hee-Jung
關鍵字: 魯迅
Lu Xun
Zhang Henshui
Distinction between elegance and vulgarity
Gender perspective
Different voices
摘要: 在中國的歷史長河中,女性不僅是推動社會進步的重要力量,而且其自身的 生存狀態與命運抉擇亦成為時代變革的縮影,印證著那個時代獨有的歷史記憶。 在現當代文學史上,魯迅與張恨水均通過自己的作品表達了對女性問題的關注與 思考。對於魯迅,其將筆墨聚焦於封建禮教對女性的奴役與壓迫,以改造國民性 的視角,鞭撻舊社會的黑暗與腐朽;而對於張恨水,其創作表現出女性在爭取自 身解放的同時,又被社會桎梏所俘獲,受壓迫者與壓迫者的雙重身份最終導致破 碎人格的形成,揭示出「弱者的反抗對象不是指向強者,而是指向更弱者」這一 殘酷的現實。從創作者自身的角度出發,魯迅身為啟蒙思想家,其創作多是從男 性視角,以自省和懺悔的精神反思男權社會給女性帶來的不幸,並將造成她們生 存現狀的原因歸結於愚昧的封建思想和腐朽的社會制度。相較之下,張恨水重點 關注女性的瑣碎生活,並據此剖析女性奴性心理形成的原因。通過對生活細節的 描繪,從平視的角度,走入女性內心,結合發生在社會和家庭內部的種種事件, 反思女性的生存現狀和宗法父權社會的吃人本質。
In the long history of China, women were not only an important force to promote social progress, but their own living conditions and fate choices also became the epitome of the era's transformation, which consolidated the unique historical memory of that era. In the history of modern and contemporary literature, both Lu Xun and Zhang Henshui expressed their concern and reflection on women's issues through their works. The works of Lu Xun focused on the slavery and oppression of the feudal ethics code to women, in order to transform the national perspective and chastise the darkness and decay of the old society; whereas the works of Zhang Henshui showed that while women were fighting for their own liberation, they were constrained by the shackle of the society. Their dual status of the oppressor and the victims tortured by oppressors, eventually led to the broken personality, revealing the cruel reality that the weak’s rebellious object is not the strong, but those who weaker. From the author's own perspective , Lu Xun is an enlightenment thinker, whose works were mostly from a male perspective, reflecting on the misfortunes brought to women by the patriarchal society in the spirit of introspection and repentance, and attributing the reasons for their living status to the ignorant feudal thoughts and corrupted social systems. In contrast, Zhang Henshui focused on the trivial life of women and according to this, analyzed the reasons for the formation of women's servile psychology. Through the portrayal of the details of life and from the equal perspective, he entered into women’s heart, combined various affairs occurring in society and family, and reflected on women's living status and the nature of exploitation of the patriarchal society.
Appears in Collections:興大中文學報 第45期



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