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標題: 攻防摧破——佛教戰爭概念譬喻析論
Attack Prevent Destroy Break ——Analysis of the Concept Metaphor of War in Buddhist
作者: 周玟觀
Chou, Wen-Kuan
關鍵字: 晦山戒顯
Hui Shan Jie Xian
Conceptual Metaphor of War
metaphorical action
corpus linguistics
摘要: 本文旨在探討佛教的戰爭概念譬喻,嘗試從三層面、四階段分析語料,尋找 如何觀察、分析與解讀佛教語料中的譬喻模式,同時彰示譬喻在詞彙、篇章與行 動層面產生的作用。 第一階段先從詞彙層面,以戰爭行動詞為關鍵字,CBETA 漢文大藏經為語料 庫,觀察戰爭詞彙的映射,確認戰爭概念譬喻的存在,同時也突顯與修辭學派的 異同。第二階段繼續從詞彙層面,根據詞彙的個體、性質與功能等不同屬性,分 析其概念映照模型,並比較同一佛教修學目標域、不同來源域的比較,發現其背 後的譬喻映照原則。第三階段則從篇章層面分析戰爭敘述與戰爭譬喻的異同,說 明譬喻框架的作用,在於建構出佛法對於生命議題的新取景,與觀念之轉舊換新。 最後的第四階段主要觀察隱喻如何落實到行動層面,以明清之際晦山戒顯法師為 例。除了探討其《禪門鍛鍊說》一書中的兵法隱喻,也從相關文獻記載,推論隱 喻不只存在於詞彙與篇章文本中,更可能是行動的隱喻,反映個人的行動取向。
The purpose of this article is to explore the concept metaphor of “war” in Buddhist literature, to analyze the corpus from three levels and four stages, and to find out how to observe, analyze, and interpret the metaphor patterns in the Buddhist corpus. In the first stage, from the vocabulary level, the words of war action are used as keywords, and the Chinese Buddhist scripture of CBETA is used as the resource of corpus to observe the mapping of war words. The second stage continues to analyze the conceptual mapping model from the vocabulary level, based on the individual attributes, properties, and functions of the vocabulary. The third stage analyzes the similarities and differences between war narratives and war metaphors at the discourse level, explaining the role of the metaphor framework, which is to construct a new perspective on the life issue of the Buddha Dharma and a change of ideas from old ones to new ones. The final fourth stage observes how metaphors are implemented on the level of action by taking the example of the Master Hui Shan during the Ming-Qing Dynasties. In addition tothe art of war metaphors implied in Master Hui Shan book Zenmen Exercise Theory, it is also documented from related literature that inferential metaphors not only exist in vocabulary and text, but are likely to be metaphors of action, reflecting individual actions.
Appears in Collections:興大中文學報 第46期



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