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標題: Protocatechuic acid-mediated DJ-1/PARK7 activation followed by PI3K/mTOR signaling pathway activation as a novel mechanism for protection against ketoprofen-induced oxidative damage in the gastrointestinal mucosa
作者: Yu-Ting Cheng 
Jer-An Lin 
Jhih-Jia Jhang 
Gow-Chin Yen 
關鍵字: Protocatechuic acid;Gastrointestinal ulcer;Ketoprofen;Nrf2;DJ-1;NSAIDs
Oxidative stress contributes to the progression of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastrointestinal (GI) cell apoptosis. In our previous study, we reported that nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a protective role against ketoprofen-induced GI mucosal oxidative injury. Recent reports suggest that Nrf2 could exhibit antioxidative and antiapoptosis responses through up-regulation of DJ-1 (PARK7). In the current study, we proposed that induction of DJ-1 expression by protocatechuic acid (PCA) might provide a potential therapeutic approach for treating oxidative stress-associated GI ulcer diseases. The results indicated that PCA increased mRNA expression of glutathione peroxidase and heme oxygenase-1 through up-regulation of DJ-1 followed by Nrf2 translocation. Furthermore, PCA protected Int-407 cells against ketoprofen-induced oxidative stress by regulating the DJ-1, PI3K, and mTOR pathways. Pretreatment with PCA inhibited mitochondrial ROS generation, up-regulated the mitochondrial membrane potential, and down-regulated pro-apoptotic Bax as well as downstream caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 activity, and reversed impaired DJ-1 and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein expression in Int-407 cells induced by ketoprofen. Similar to the in vitro results, SD rats treated with PCA before administration of ketoprofen exhibited decreased caspase-3 protein expression as well as oxidative damage, and impairment of the antioxidant system and DJ-1 protein expression in the GI mucosa were reversed. The administration of lansoprazole, a type of proton pump inhibitor (PPI), strongly inhibited ketoprofen-induced GI mucosal injuries via up-regulation of DJ-1, indicating that DJ-1 is essential for the dietary antioxidant- and PPI drug-mediated mechanism of ulcer therapy. These results suggest that DJ-1 could be a novel target for protection against ketoprofen-induced GI ulcers due to its antioxidant and anti-apoptosis characteristics.
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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