Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10149
標題: 以應力波法進行耐磨混凝土之強度評估
Use of stress wave method to evaluate the strength of abrasion-resistant concrete
作者: 楊凱媚
Yang, Kai-Mei
關鍵字: 耐磨混凝土;abrasion-resistant;矽灰;抗壓強度;波速;concrete;strength
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 
本研究乃是利用超音波速法與敲擊回音波速法來評估耐磨性混凝土的抗壓強度,主要工作分為實驗室試驗及現地試驗,首先須在實驗室建立: (1)試體導電值與飽和度關係 (2)波速與飽和度之修正係數 (3)波速與強度之關係曲線。而對於超音波波速法,在現地檢測施作上有應用之限制,因此找出敲擊回音波速法與超音波波速法之轉換係數,使實驗室建立的波速-強度關係可應用在現地檢測上。 現場施作方面,選定溢洪道堰面為現場施測對象。
由於本實驗所研究的現地對象,因現場施作情況考量,在斜坡澆置試體時需要較低坍度之混凝土,將原設計強度840 kgf/cm2之混凝土稍作調整,提高了現場混凝土之強度。因此在現場另外灌製一批與現地配比相同之圓柱試體,建立波速-強度之關係曲線並預估現地強度,利用敲擊回音法量測現地混凝土波速,將所測得之敲擊回音波速經飽和度修正及波速轉換係數後,代入波速-強度之關係曲線預估其強度,試驗的結果顯示敲擊回音法適合現地之波速檢測與由敲擊回音波速推求得到之混凝土強度與鑽心試體強度比較結果良好。

The objective of the thesis is to investigate the in-place concrete strength by using the impact-echo method and ultrasonic pulse velocity method. The main working tasks include the test at laboratory and the in-place test. The first work is to establish(1) the relationship between conductivity coefficient and the saturation degree of concrete; (2) the relationship between the modification factor of ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) and the saturation degree of concrete; and (3) the UPV-strength relationship curve. However, there are some restrictions when ultrasonic pulse velocity method is applied to in-place test. Therefore, the way to make the UPV-strength relationship applicable to in-place test is to finding the conversion factor of the impact-echo method and the UPV method. The field studies were carried out at the construction site of the repaired spillway.
To account for the working condition on a steep slope at the construction site, the mixture proportion of concrete was adjusted to fit the need of low-slump concrete. Such adjustment increases the strength of concrete from the original design strength of 840 kgf/cm2 to a higher level. Therefore, additional cylindrical specimens made of concrete used in the spillway were needed to establish the UPV-strength relationship curve to estimate the in-place strength. The impact-echo method was used to measure the in-place P-wave speed of concrete. In consideration of the wave velocity conversion between two different measurement methods, the measured impact-echo velocity through saturation correction was substituted into UPV-strength relationship curve to estimate the concrete strength. Experimental results show that the impact-echo method is cabaple of measuring the P-wave speed and the use of the measured wave speed results in good estimated strength comparing with coring strength.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10149
其他識別: U0005-0708201215323600
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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