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Control Effectiveness of Resettable Variable Stiffness Tuned Mass Damper for Seismic Structures
|關鍵字:||調諧質量阻尼器(TMD);tuned mass damper;可變勁度機構;可重設機構;離頻效應;半主動控制;variable stiffness;resettable device;detuning effect;semi-active control||出版社:||土木工程學系所||引用:||Abe, M. and Fujino,Y. (1994) Dynamic characterization of multipla tuned mass dampers and some design formulas, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 23: 813-835. Abe, M. (1996) Semi-active tuned mass dampers for seismic protection of civil structures. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics; 25(7): 743-749. Aldemir U. (2003) Optimal control of structures with semi-active tuned mass dampers. Journal of Sound and Vibration; 266(4): 847-874. Bakre, S. V.and Jangid, R. S. (2007) Optimum parameters of tuned mass damper for damped main system. Structural Control and Health Monitoring , 14(3): 448-470. Cai, C. S.,Wu, W. J. and Araujo, M. (2007) Cable vibration control with a TMD-MR damper system: experimental exploration, Journal of Structural Engineering (ASCE) ; 133(5): 629-637. Chang, M. L., Lin, C. C., Ueng, J. 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(2007) Full-scale experimental verification of resettable semi-active stiffness dampers, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 36: 1255–1273. Zivanovic S., Pavic A. and Reynolds P. (2005) Vibration serviceability of footbridges under human-induced excitation: A literature review. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 279(1-2): 1-74. 王哲夫 (1993)，被動調諧質量阻尼器之最佳設計暨應用，國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。 何玉泊 (2010)，半主動摩擦調諧質量阻尼器之振動台試驗與減振分析，國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文。||摘要:||
調諧質量阻尼器(Tuned Mass Damper, TMD)係為一具有特定頻率與阻尼之單自由度系統。利用調頻共振之原理，可將結構物所承受之部份振動能量轉移至TMD，並由其阻尼耗散消除，藉此達到降低主結構動態反應之目的。而線性TMD之最佳化理論發展已臻成熟，但非線性TMD之研究仍在發展階段。而傳統TMD系統主要包含以下兩個問題：(1) 離頻效應，(2) 衝程過大。因此本研究提出一新型半主動TMD，稱之為「可重設變勁度TMD」，簡稱RVS-TMD (Resettable variable stiffness TMD)，即為非線性TMD之一種。此型半主動TMD是由可重設之可變勁度機構RVSD (Resettable variable stiffness device)與TMD所組成。其中，RVSD是由可變彈簧元件與可重設元件所組成，藉由半主動控制律求得之控制力，即時調整可變彈簧之勁度，於離頻效應發生時調諧TMD頻率，避免離頻效應發生；可重設元件則可於適當時機進行重設，因此遲滯迴圈可涵蓋四個象限，進而提高RVS-TMD之消能效果，並能有效降低TMD衝程。本研究採用數值分析方法以評估可重設變勁度TMD系統之減振效能，並與不同類型半主動TMD系統比較。本文研究結果顯示，RVS-TMD系統之減振效果非常接近主動TMD，且能夠減少離頻效應與降低TMD衝程。
A Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) system consists of an added mass with properly functioning spring and damping elements that provide frequency-dependent damping in a primary structure. By attaching a TMD to a structure, vibration energy of the structure can be transferred to the TMD and dissipated via the damping mechanism in the TMD. Although the design and application of traditional linear TMD systems are well developed, nonlinear TMD systems that may lead to better control performance are still in the developmental stage. There are two main problems associated with TMD systems, i.e. (1) detuning effect, (2) excessive stroke of TMD. In order to improve the performance of TMD systems, a novel semi-active TMD named resettable variable stiffness TMD (RVS-TMD) is proposed in this study. The RVS-TMD consists of a TMD and a resettable variable stiffness device (RVSD). The RVSD composed of a resettable element and a controllable stiffness element. By varying the stiffness element of the RVSD, the force produced by the RVSD can be controlled smoothly through a semi-active control law. By resetting the resettable element, the hysteresis loop of the RVSD can cover all four quadrants in the force-deformation diagram and thus results in more energy dissipation. In this study, RVS-TMD system is compared with different types of TMD systems by numerical method. The results show that the control performance of RVS-TMD system can be very close to those of active TMD, and is able to alleviate detuning effect and reduce TMD’s stroke.
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