Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10372
標題: 扭轉耦合基礎隔震結構裝設調諧質量阻尼器之減震分析
Vibration Control of Torsionally-Coupled Base-Isolated Structures Using Tuned Mass Dampers
作者: 劉素妤
Liu, Su-Yu
關鍵字: 扭轉耦合基礎隔震結構;Torsionally-coupled base-isolated structures;調諧質量阻尼器(TMD);最佳化;位移均方反應比;Tuned mass dampers;Optimal;Mean-square displacement response ratio
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 1.Kelly, J.M. (1987). “Recent developments in seicmic isolation.”1987 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, San Diego, California, PVP-127, pp. 381-385. 2.Robinson, W. H. (1982). “Lead-rubber hysteretic bearings suitable for protecting structures during earthquakes.”Earthquake Engng Struct. Dynamics 10, 593-604. 3.Chung, L.L., Yang, C.Y., Chen, H.M., and Lu, L.Y. (2009),“Dynamic behavior of nonlinear rooling isolation system.”, Structural Control and Health Monitoring, 16: 32-54. 4.Yang, J.N., Danielians, A and Liu, S.C. (1991). “A seismic hybrid control systems for building structures.”J. Engng Mech. ASCE 117(4), 836-853. 5.Tsai, H.C.“The effect of tuned-mass dampers on the seismic response of base-isolated structures”Int. J. Solids Structures, Vol. 32, No. 8/9, pp. 1195-1210, 1995. 6.Tomoyo Taniguchi, Armen Der Kiureghian, Mikayel Melkkumyan (2008). “Effect of tuned mass damper on displacement demand of base-isolated structures.”, Engineering Structures 30 3478-3488. 7.Crandall, S.H., and Mark, W.D., Random Vibration in Mechanical Systems, Academic Press, Inc., N. Y., 1973. 8.Wirsching, P.H., and Campbell, G.W. (1974).“Minimal Structural Response Under Random Excitation Using the Vibration Absorber”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 2, pp. 303-312. 9.Kaynia, A.M., Veneziano, D., and Biggs, J.M. (1981).“Seismic Effectiveness of Tuned Mass Dampers”, Journal of Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 107, No. ST8, pp. 1465-1484. 10.Sladek, J.R., and Klinger, R.E. (1983)“Effect of Tuned-Mass Dampers on Seismic Response”, Journal of Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 109, No. 8, pp.2004-2009. 11.Lin, C.C., Hu, C.M., Wang, J.F., Hu, R.Y. (1994)“Vibration Control Effectiveness of Passive Tuned Mass Dampers”, Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 17, No. 3, May. 12.Warbutron, G.B. (1982).“Optimal absorber parameters for various combinations of response and excitation parameters.”, Earthquake Engineerning and Structural Dynamics, 10, 381-401. 13.Asami, T., Wakasono, T., Kameoka, K., Hasegawa, M. and Sekiguchi, H. (1991).“Optimum design of dynamics absorbers for a system subjected to random excitation.”JSME International Journal, Series III, 34(2), 218-226 14.Fujino, Y. and Abe, M. (1993).“Design formulas for tuned mass dampers based on a perturbation technique.”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 22, 833-854. 15.Xu, Y.L., and Kwok, K.C.S. (1994).“Semianalytical method for parameteric study of tuned mass dampers.”, Jorunal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 120(3), 747-764. 16.Sadek, F, Mohraz, B, Taylor, AW, and Chung R.M. (1997), “A method of estimating parameters of mass dampers for seismic applications”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 26: 617-635. 17.Bakre, S.V., and Jangid, R.S., (2007).“Optimum parameters of tuned mass damper for damperd main system”, Structural Control and Health Monitoring, 14: 470-488. 18.Lin, C.C., Ueng, J.M. and Wang, J.F. (1995).“Vibration control identification of MDOF structures with tuned mass damper.”International Conference on Structural Dynamics, Vibration, Noise and Control, 2, 887-894, Hong Kong. 19.Den Hartog, J.P. (1956). Mechanical Vibrations, 4th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York. 20.Anil K. Chopra (2007), Dynamics of Structures - theory and applications to earthquake engineering, 3rd edition. Peartson Education, New Jersey. 21.王哲夫 (1993).“被動調諧質量阻尼器之最佳設計暨應用”中興大學土木工程研究所 碩士論文。 22.陳博仁 (1997).“扭轉耦合樓房受雙向地震之被動調諧質量阻尼器減振設計”中興大學土木工程研究所 碩士論文。 23.黃騰慶 (1996).“扭轉耦合結構裝設調諧質量阻尼器之設計考量”中興大學土木工程研究所 碩士論文。
摘要: 
本文探討扭轉耦合基礎隔震建築結構在地震作用下產生共振時,裝設調諧質量阻尼器(TMD)之設計考量及減震效用。TMD設計時考慮主結構前三模態之總效用,當結構設置TMD前後欲控制自由度反應之均方反應比,求得最佳TMD系統參數。文中先探討平面基礎隔震結構受四筆地震作用時之動態反應;再接著討論TMD於主結構不同偏心下之減震效用。文中並發現小偏心之近似對稱扭轉耦合基礎隔震設置二個TMDs之動態反應較單一TMD佳。在軟土層地震下,均方根反應中隔震層位移及主結構絕對加速度降低大約30%;在硬土層地震下,均方根反應中隔震層位移及主結構絕對加速度降低大約15%,由此可得,扭轉耦合基礎隔震結構週期與軟土層地震外力產生共振時,裝設TMD可達到減震效果。然而,對硬土層地震外力而言,由於隔震發揮作用,主結構反應較小,則TMD的減震作用不明顯。

This study deals with the practical design consideration and vibration control effectives of tuned mass damper (TMD) for torsionally-coupled base isolated structures under ground motions. The optimal parameters of TMD are determined by minimizing mean-square displacement response ratio contributed by the first three modes of controlled degree-of-freedom between the structures with and without TMD. A planar base-isolated structure under four selected ground motions is firstly simulated. The effectiveness of the TMD under different eccentricities of the primary structure is then discussed. A reduction of approximate 30% in base displacement and structure absolute acceleration of root mean square (RMS) under soft soil ground motion record. However, a reduction of approximate 15% in base displacement and structure absolute acceleration of root mean square (RMS) under firm soil ground motion records. The TMD is effective when the base isolated structure and the soft soil ground motion. However, the effectiveness is not obvious under firm soil ground motion, because of the well performance of the base isolation system.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10372
其他識別: U0005-2008201217274200
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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