Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 探討不同齡期飛灰混凝土波速與強度之成長關係曲線
Study of the relationship between the pulse velocity and strength development of fly-ash concrete at various ages
作者: 黃瑋倫
Huang, Wei-Lun
關鍵字: 飛灰;fly-ash;波速;強度;成長率;pulse velocity;strength;development
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 1. V.R. Sturrup, F.J. Vecchio and H. Caratin, “Pulse Velocity as a Measure of Concrete Compressive Strength”, In Situ/Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, ACI SP-82, 1984; pp. 201-227 2. T.R. Naik and V.M. Malhotra, “The Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method”, Chapter 7 in CRC Handbook on Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, V.M. Malhotra and N.J. carino, Eds., CRC Press, Boca raton, FL,1991, pp.169-188. 3. V.M. Malhotra/Editor et al., “In Situ/Nondestructive Testing of Concrete”, ACI SP-82, 1984 4. Tanigawa, Y., Baba, K., and Mori, H., “Estimation of Concrete Strength by Combined Nondestructive Testing Method”, In Situ/Nondestructive Testing of Concrete, ACI SP-82, 1984; pp. 57-76. 5. ACI Committee 228 Report, “In-Place Methods to Estimate Concrete Strength,” ACI 228.1R-95, 1995, 41 pages. 6. Bungey, J.H., "Testing of Concrete in Structures," Surrey University Press, Glasgow, 1982, pp. 207 7. Malhotra, V.M., “Testing Hardened Concrete : Nondestructive Methods,” ACI Monograph, No. 9, American Concrete Institute/Iowa State University Press, Detroit, 1976, pp. 204. 8. RILEM Recommendations NDT 1, "Testing of Concrete by the Ultrasonic Pulse Method," Paris, 1972, December. 9. Knab, L.J., Blessing, G.V., and Clifton, J.R. (), "Laboratory Evaluation of Ultrasonics for Crack Detection in Concrete," ACI J., 80, 17, 1983. 10. Mary J. Sansalone and William B. Streett, “Impact-Echo: Nondestructive Evaluation of Concrete and Masonry”, BULLBRIER Press, ITHACA, N.Y., 1997, 339 pages. 11. Chao-Peng Lai, Yiching Lin, and Tsong Yen, “Behavior and Estimation of Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Concrete,” The International Conference on Structural Engineering ,Mechanics and Computation, Cape Town South Africa, 2001, pp. 1365-1372. 12. Stephen Pessiki and Matthew R. Johnson, “Nondestructive Evaluation of Early-age Concrete Strength In Plate Structures by the Impact-Echo Method,” ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 93, No.3, 1996, pp.260-271. 13. Galan Andrej, “Estimate of Concrete Strength by Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity and Damping Constant,” ACI Journal, Vol. 64, No. 10, 1967, pp. 678-684. 14. Sandor Popovics, L. Joseph Rose, and John S. Popovics, “The Behavior of Ultrasonic Pulses in Concrete,” Cement and Concrete Reaserch, Vol. 20, No.2, 1990, pp.259-270. 15. Lin, Y.; Changfan, H,; and Hsiao, C., “Estimation of High-Performance Concrete Strength by Pulse Velocity,” Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, Vol. 20, No. 6, 1998, pp. 661-668. 16. ASTM C 805 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Rebound Number of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 17. ASTM C 803 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 18. ASTM C 1150 (1992), "Standard Test Method for the Break-Off Number of Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 19. ASTM C 900 (1999), "Standard Test Method for Pullout Strength of Hardened Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 20. BSI, 1992, “Recommendations for the Assessment of Concrete Strength by Near-to-Surface Tests,” BS 1881, Part 207, British Standards Institution. 21. ASTM C 597 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 22. ASTM C 1074 (1992), "Standard Practice for Estimating Concrete Strength by the Maturity Method," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 23. ASTM C 873 (1992), "Test Method for Compressive Strength of Concrete Cylinders Cast in Place in Cylindrical Molds," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 24. Brian B. Hope and Paul M. Hewitt, “Progressive Concrete Mix Proportioning”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol82, No.3, May-June 1985, pp.350-356. 25. Charles T. Kennedy, “The Design of Concrete Mixes”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol36, 1940, pp.373-400. 26. Leif Berntsson, Satish Chandra, and Tomas Kutti, “Principles and Factors Influencing High-Strength Concrete Production”, Concrete International, Vol.12, No.12, December 1990, pp.59-62. 27. C.C. Yang and R. Huang, “ A Two-Phase Model for Predicting the Compressive Strength of Concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol.26,No.10, 1996, pp.1567-1577. 28. H.J. Chan, T.Yen, T.P. Lai and Y.L.Huang, “Determination of dividing strength and its relation to the concrete strength in lightweight aggregate concrete”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol.21, No.1, 1999, pp.29-37. 29. Popovics.S.,”Analysis of Concrete Strength versus water-cement ratio relationshop”ACI Materials Journal,Sep.-Oct.1990,PP.517-529. 30. Dan E.Branson,”Deformation of Concrete Structure” ,1978 .p.2 31. A.Meyer Betonstein Zeitung,Vol.29,No.8,1963,PP.391-394 32. T.R. Naik, “The Ultrasonic Testing of Concrete”, Published by ACI in Experimental Methods in Concrete Structure for Practitioners, G.M. Sabnis and N. Fitzsimons, Eds, October 1979. 33. J.Műller-Rochholz, “Determination of the Elastic Properties of Lightweight Aggregate by Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity”, The International Journal of Lightweight Concrete, Vol.1, No.2, 1979, pp.87-90. 34. R. E. Philleo, “Comparison of Results of Three Methods for Determining Young’s Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete”, Journal of ACI, Vol.51, No.5, January 1955,pp.461-469. 35. Klieger Paul, “Long-Time Study of Cement Performance in Concrete, Chapter 10-Progress Report on Strength and Elastic Properties of Concrete”, Journal of ACI, Vol.54, No.6, December 1957,pp.481-503. 36. W.F. Price and J.P. Hynes, “In-Situ Strength Testing of High Strength Concrete”, Magazine of Concrete Reseach, Vol.48, No.176, Sept. 1996,pp.189-197. 37. A. Anderson David and K. Seals Roger, “Pulse Velocity as a Predictor of 28- and 90-Day Strength”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol.78, No.2 March-April 1981, pp.116-122. 38. M.F. Kaplan, “Compressive Strength and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Relationships for Concrete in Columns”, Journal of ACI, Vol.54, No.8, February 1958,pp.675-688. 39. P. S. Pessiki and N.J. Carino, “Setting Time and Strength of Concrete Using the Impact-Echo Method”, ACI Materials Journal, 1988; Vol.85, No.5, pp.389-399. 40. H. W. Chung and K.S. Law, “Diagnosing in Situ Concrete by Ultrasonic Pulse Technique”, Concrete International, Vol.13, No.10,1983, pp.42-49. 41. F. Sellect Scott, N. Landis Eric, L. Peterson Michael, P. Shah Surendra and D. Achenbach Jan, “Ultrasonic Investigation of Concrete with Distributed Damage”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol.95, No.1, January-February 1998, pp.27-36. 42. Wimal Suaris and Viraj Fernando, “Ultrasonic Pulse Attenuation as Measure of Damage Growth during Cyclic Loading of Concrete”, ACI Materials Journal, May-June 1987, Vol.84, pp.185-193. 43. T.T. Wu and T. F. Lin, “The Stress Effect on the Ultrasonic Velocity Variation of Concrete under Repeated Loading”, ACI Materials Journal, Vol.95, No.5, September-October 1998, pp.519-524. 44. Andersen Johannes and Nerenst Poul, “ Wave Velocity in Concrete” Journal of ACI, Vol.48, No.8, April 1952,pp.613-636. 37 45.R. Jones, “Testing of Concrete by an Ultrasonic Pulse Technique”, RILEM Int. Symp. On Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures, Paris Vol.1, Paper No.A-17, January 1954, pp.137, RILEM Bull. No.19, 2nd part, November 1954. 46. M.F. Kaplan, “Effects of Incomplete Consolidation on Compressive and Flexural Strength, Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity, and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete”, Journal of ACI, Vol.56, No.9, March 1952, pp.853-867. 47. Sandor Popovics, “A Hypothesis Concrete the Effects of Macro-Porosity on Mechanical Properties of Concrete”, Fracture of Concrete and Rock, SEM-RILEM International Conference, June 1987,Houston Texas, pp.170-174. 48. ASTM C 597 (1992), "Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete," Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02. 49. ASTM C 1383 (1998). "Standard Test Method for Measuring the P-Wave Speed and the Thickness of Concrete Plates Using the Impact-Echo Method" Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04.02., 1998. 50. Malhotra, V.M., /Editor et al. (1984).“In Situ/Nondestructive Testing of Concrete”, ACI SP-82, 1984. 51.Komloš, K., Popovics, S., Nurnbergerova, T., Babal, B. and Popovics, J.S. (1996).〝Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test of Concrete Properties as Specified in Various Standards,〞Cement and Concrete Composites Volume: 18, June 1996, pp. 357-364. 52. 郭世芳,「探討超音波速度與混凝土抗壓強度之關係與其應用」,國立中興大學土木工程學系博士論文,民國九十六年七月 53. 詹智捷,「混凝土含水狀態之量測與超音波波速關係之建立」國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,民國九十九年七月。 54. 賴朝鵬,「混凝土材料組成對其流動性質與波傳行為之影響」,國立中興大學土木工程學系博士論文,民國八十八年六月 55. 干裕成,「劣化混凝土材料應力波傳速度與E 值、老化時程及抗壓強度之關係」行政院原子能委員會委託研究計畫研究報告,民國92 年12 月。 56. 楊仲家,黃然,葉為忠, “以微觀力學探討粗骨材對高性能混凝土之影響”,第三屆結構工程研討會, 1996,pp.1785-1793。 57. 邱欽賢,「水工結構混凝土之抗沖蝕性」,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,民國91 年6 月。 58. 劉玉雯,「應用於水工結構表層之高性能混凝土磨損行為」,國立中興大學土木工程學系博士論文,民國95 年1 月。 59. 沈進發,”混凝土品質控制”,第三版,民國72 年9 月,第7-35 頁。 60. 林炳炎,“飛灰與飛灰混凝土”,現代營建,民國82 年7 月 61. 黃兆龍,“混凝土性質與行為”,詹氏書局,民國86 年8 月。 62. 島川正憲 著,賴迪陽 譯,「超音波工學理論實務」,復漢出版社,民國71 年。 63. 黃啟貞,“超音波檢測試驗法”,中華民國非破壞檢測協會(上冊),民國69 年。 64. 李承遠,“以超音波法評估混凝土之不同齡期強度”,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,民國九十八年七月。 65. 林晉章,“爐石混凝土波速與強度成長關係曲線之探討與現地強度評估之應用”,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文,民國一百年七月。

The purpose of this thesis is to study the relationship between the pulse velocity and compressive strength of fly-ash concrete at various ages. To investigate how the moisture state of concrete affects wave velocity, we establish the relationship between conductivity coefficient and the saturation degree of concrete, and then wave velocity adjustment due to various concrete saturation degrees can be made to accurately predict concrete strength. In this study, ten fly-ash concrete mixture proportions are used to make concrete specimens. The mixture proportions include 15% of fly ash to replace cement, a sand ratio of 45%, two cement paste volume ratios (Vpaste) of 42% and 36%, water-cement ratios of 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6,and 0.7. The specimens are used to establish the relationship between the UPV velocity and compressive strength. In addition, we also establish the relationship between conductivity coefficient and the saturation degree of concrete. Eventually, these two established relationship curves can be used to estimate concrete strength.
The experimental results show that compressive strength estimated by the measured wave velocity has an error of 30% without considering the effect of moisture content. We measure the concrete conductivity coefficient through the HI-520 water-content meter, and then determine the related concrete saturation degree used to modify the wave velocity. After modification of wave velocity in consideration of moisture content in concrete, the accuracy of the estimated compressive strength is improved significantly. This proves that it is necessary to consider the effect of concrete moisture on wave velocity when the stress wave technique is used to evaluate concrete strength.
其他識別: U0005-0708201215321200
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.