Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10683
標題: 鄰近坡地隧道開挖對地層力學行為探討
A Study on Stratum Mechanical Behavior of Tunnel Excavation Adjacent to Slope
作者: 林志麟
Lin, Chin-Lin
關鍵字: 地錨;anchor;土石流;邊坡;mudflow;slope
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 1. 陳錦清、俞旗文、蕭富元(1997),岩體變形特性與RMR 岩體評分值關係之研究 (專案研究報告),中興工程顧問社工程研究基金報告,SEC/R-GT-97-4。 2. 張吉佐、劉弘群主編,山岳隧道工程設計與實例手冊,中華民國隧道協會,臺北 (1999)。行政院公共工程委員會,(2003),”山區公路建設前、地、後在工程管理方面參考作業手冊”。 3. 廖瑞堂,(2001),”山坡地護坡工程設計”,科技圖書股份有限公司。 4. 王泰典、黃燦輝、林銘郎、鄭富書、蔡序元(2002),「台灣特殊地 質隧道之評估、調查、研判與因應-以擠壓性地盤為例」,第三屆 海峽兩岸隧道與地下工程學術與技術研討會論文集,臺北,第 85-292 頁。 5. 吳振烕,(2003),”公路邊坡保護工法之選擇模式研究-以南二高白河路段為例”,國立成功大學土木工程學系碩士論文。 6. 鄧建鑫,(2003),”新型明隧道力學行為之研究”,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文。 7. 施國欽,(2004),”大地工程學(二)基礎工程篇”。 8. 財團法人台灣營建研究中心,(2004),”山坡地建築開發工程設 9. 行政院公共工程委員會,(2005),「台灣地區山區道路規劃設計」。 10.隧道洞口高陡邊坡穩定分析案例探討楊黃政 蕭富元 俞旗文(2006)中興工程顧問社 大地工程研究中心摘要。 11.交通部公路總局,(2007),“道路工程參考圖”。 12.廖瑞堂,(2008),“坡地災害防治對策及案例”,科技圖書股份 有限公司。 13.中華顧問工程司(2009),”2009莫拉克颱風八八水災橋梁勘災紀實”。 14.游春錦,(2012),”山區明隧道工程行為之研究”,國立中興大學土木工程學系碩士論文。 15. Mononobe, N. (1929), “Earthquake-Proof Construction of Masonry Dams,” Proceedings, World Engineering Conference 9, 176-182. 16. PLAXIS bv (2010), PLAXIS 2D Reference Manual, P. O. Box 572, 2600 An Delft, Netherlands.
摘要: 
台灣的自然環境是多崇山峻嶺與丘陵陡地,也多豪雨與地震,因此山崩與土石流也是台灣常見的自然現象。由於人口快速增加,經濟蓬勃發展,在重多交通建設下,可能面臨於鄰坡地開挖隧道,然而由於對山崩與土石流的認識不足,將導致災害,進而發生重大的生命財產損失。為增進對前述工程之瞭解,進而有安全之施工保障,因此進行鄰近坡地開挖隧道相關力學之研究,俾防止災害的發生。
 本文利用Plaxis電腦程式進行鄰近坡地隧道開挖之相關力學行為探討,研究成果包含:
1.鄰近坡地隧道開挖,於施工前需就坡面進行噴漿,以穩固坡面不致破壞。
2.鄰近坡地隧道開挖,於坡面施作地錨以穩固隧道上方之地盤,對隧道開挖之進行其效益似乎最為明顯。
3.鄰近坡地隧道開挖,於外圍施作擋土牆,對鄰近邊坡開挖造成之變形有其適度當之抑制作用。
4.鄰近坡地隧道開挖,於邊坡上方進行地質改良,也有實質性之工程效益。

There exist much high mountain ridges, hills and steep ground inherent in the natural environment of Taiwan. It is also common natural phenomena in Taiwan that frequent torrential rain and earthquake bring about landslide and mudflow. Due to the fast increase of population and economy growing vigorously, it may confront the tunnel excavation adjacent to slope in proceeding much heavy traffic construction. The calamity and further loss of life and property could be caused by the shortage of understanding landslide and mudflow. For perceiving into the aforesaid engineering project and safe construction guarantee, the research will aim at the relevant mechanics behavior in the tunnel excavation adjacent to slope in order to prevent the occurrence of calamity.
This paper uses the Plaxis computer program to carry out the analysis of relevant mechanics behavior in the tunnel excavation adjacent to slope. The analyzed results include:
1. In the excavation of tunnel near the slope, it is required to impose the shotcrete on the slope surface in order to stabilize the slope before construction.
2. In the excavation of tunnel near the slope, it is the most effective to construct the anchoring system in the upper slope of tunnel.
3. In the excavation of tunnel near the slope, it is suitably constrained in the displacement to construct the retaining wall around the periphery of slope.
4. In the excavation of tunnel near the slope, it is essentially effective to proceed ground improvement in the upper portion of tunnel.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10683
其他識別: U0005-0508201315581500
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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