Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10928
標題: 以原位聚合法製備導電高分子於靜電紡絲聚醯胺纖維之特性研究
Preparation and Characterization of Electrospun Polyamide Fibers Coated by Conducting Polymer Using In-Situ Polymerization
作者: 蔡昂憲
Tsai, Ang-Hsien
關鍵字: Polyamide;聚苯胺;Polyaniline;Polypyrrole;Electrospinning;聚吡咯;靜電紡絲
出版社: 材料科學與工程學系所
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摘要: 
本實驗利用靜電紡絲法(Electrospinning)製備聚醯胺6(Polyamide 6;PA6)纖維,經由製程參數的實驗選定,以15 wt%聚醯胺6高分子溶液,工作電壓13 kV,流量0.1 ml/hr與工作距離18 cm的條件下,製備出51.8±10.7 nm尺寸均一的奈米級纖維。並藉此奈米纖維,以原位聚合反應,將聚苯胺與聚吡咯導電高分子成功的披覆在纖維表面,形成一聚醯胺/導電高分子複合奈米纖維膜。同時也以旋轉塗佈法製成聚醯胺6薄膜,同樣以原位聚合法製成了聚醯胺/導電高分子複合膜,並探討聚醯胺導電高分子複合薄膜與複合奈米纖維膜之間的形態與導電度的比較研究。
由於奈米纖維具有高比表面積特性,在SEM的形態分析,導電高分子複合奈米纖維直徑經原位聚合後,由於導電高分子成功的披覆在PA6奈米纖維表面,因此聚合後的纖維直徑隨著導電高分子單體濃度的增加,其直徑有逐漸增大的趨勢。在FTIR-ATR的化學結構分析,隨著導電高分子的單體濃度增加,其導電高分子的特性峰越趨明顯;在TGA的熱行為分析,5 wt%的重量損失溫度,導電高分子複合奈米纖維膜比複合膜的熱損失溫度低,50 wt%的重量損失溫度主要為PA6奈米纖維的熱裂解行為,800 ℃的殘餘重量,主要為導電高分子殘留,且導電高分子複合奈米纖維膜的殘餘重量比複合薄膜的重量較多。
最終的導電度的量測分析,導電高分子複合奈米纖維膜由於高比表面積的特性,聚苯胺與聚吡咯複合奈米纖膜維導電度約為複合薄膜導電度的分別為13~16倍與8~11倍。

In this study, the conductive polyaniline and polypyrrole was synthesized on the surface of electrospun polyamide 6 fiber using in-situ chemical oxidation polymerization. The diameter of electrospun polyamide 6 fiber was 51.810.7 nm using the flow rate of 0.1 ml/hr, working potential of 13 kV and working distance of 18 cm. For comparison, the polyamide 6 thin film served as core was fabricated using spinning coating process. The morphology, thermal stability and conductivity of conducting polymer / polyamide composite nanofiber and film were also discussed.
From the SEM results, the diameter of conducting polymer coated polyamide 6 fiber was increased as the concentration of monomers increased. The characteristic peak of conducting polymer observed by FTIR-ATR spectrum become clear as the molar ratio of conducting polymer increased. The thermal stability of conducting polymer / polyamide composite nanofiber determined by TGA was enhanced compared to that of conducting polymer / polyamide composite film. Finally, the conductivity of composite nanofiber was about 10 times improvement in magnitude compared to composite film.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10928
Appears in Collections:材料科學與工程學系

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