Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/10974
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor侯光華zh_TW
dc.contributor何主亮zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor吳威德zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorWei-Te Wuen_US
dc.contributor.author施舜寶zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorShih, Shun-Baoen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2011zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:46:43Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:46:43Z-
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/10974-
dc.description.abstract本研究探討添加不同助銲劑對高碳鉻基硬面合金之特性影響。利用鎢極惰性氣體遮護電弧銲接法(Gas Tungsten Arc Welding, GTAW),以【35(wt%)CrC+65(wt%)Cr】為基本合金填料設計,將合金填料銲覆於低碳鋼基材表面。添加助銲劑改善裂紋研究方面,選用松香、無水硼砂、螢石做為助銲劑進行研究,其合金填料設計固定35(wt%) CrC之比例,添加不同含量的單一助銲劑,爾後銲覆於低碳鋼基材表面。觀察各組銲覆層裂紋之情況,並藉由光學顯微鏡觀察及X-ray繞射分析銲覆層之顯微結構,探討裂紋與顯微結構之關係。 實驗結果顯示,隨著添加各種不同種類、含量之助銲劑,並沒有發現其它析出相結構的產生,各組試片相組成以Cr-Fe固溶體(α)、(Cr,Fe)7C3型碳化物以及少量(Cr,Fe)23C6型碳化物。顯微組織分析探討,無添加助銲劑組別、添加松香助銲劑、添加螢石助銲劑組別以初晶(Cr,Fe)7C3碳化物與Cr-Fe(α)/(Cr,Fe)7C3碳化物共晶相結構組成;添加無水硼砂助銲劑以初晶(Cr,Fe)7C3碳化物與Cr-Fe(α)/ (Cr,Fe)23C6碳化物共晶相結構組成。 銲覆層巨觀裂紋觀察結果顯示,無添加助銲劑組別其裂紋情況嚴重,單位面積裂紋長度高達9.62cm;而添加不同助銲劑進行裂紋改善之結果,以添加無水硼砂助銲劑其效果最為顯著,單位面積裂紋長度降低至1.6cm以下;添加松香助銲劑組別其裂紋情況並無改善,單位面積裂紋長度高達11.2cm;而添加螢石助銲劑組別其裂紋情況稍有改善,單位面積裂紋長度降低至3cm左右,但其銲覆層表面卻有剝落之現象。 顯微結構與裂紋觀察結果,裂紋容易在高面積分率初晶碳化物分佈區域、或初晶碳化物與共晶組織不均勻分佈區域產生。裂紋主要都是發生在銲覆層中,且容易沿著初晶碳化物與共晶組織之間的界面傳播,呈現沿晶裂紋型態。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents總目錄 中文摘要............................................I 英文摘要................................II 誌謝.................................III 總目錄 IV 表目錄 VI 圖目錄 VII 第一章 前言 1 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2-1 硬面銲覆技術 3 2-1-1 硬面銲覆方法 4 2-1-2 合金種類與應用 7 2-1-3 Fe-Cr-C合金及常見顯微組織 11 2-2 本研究助銲劑的選用及介紹 21 2-2-1 松香 21 2-2-2 無水硼砂 23 2-2-3 螢石 24 2-3 銲接裂紋 26 2-3-1 冷裂紋的介紹與形成機制 29 2-3-2熱裂紋的介紹與形成機制 33 2-3-3 再熱裂紋的介紹與形成機制 41 2-4 銲接性影響與裂紋改善 43 第三章 實驗步驟與方法 45 3-1 實驗流程 45 3-2 試片製備 46 3-2-1 基材準備 46 3-2-2 助銲劑選用與製備 46 3-2-3 合金填料成份設計 47 3-2-4 銲覆製程 48 3-3 銲覆層成份分析 50 3-3-1 分析儀器 50 3-3-2 分析方法 51 3-4 銲覆層觀察與顯微結構分析 52 3-4-1 銲覆層外觀觀察 52 3-4-2 銲覆層巨觀裂紋觀察 52 3-4-3光學顯微觀察 52 3-4-4 X光繞射分析 53 3-4-5 SEM顯微觀察 53 3-5 機械性質分析 54 3-5-1 銲覆層表面硬度測定 54 3-5-2 橫截面微硬度測定 54 第四章 結果與討論 56 4-1 銲覆層巨觀觀察 56 4-1-1 銲接性影響 56 4-1-2 銲覆層外觀 57 4-2 銲覆層顯微分析 65 4-2-1 銲覆層成份與顯微組織分析 65 4-2-2 XRD相組成分析 70 4-2-3 顯微組織觀察 72 4-3 銲覆層巨觀裂紋觀察 77 4-3-1 銲覆層表面裂紋 77 4-3-2 銲覆層橫截面裂紋 80 4-4銲覆層硬度分析 83 4-4-1 銲覆層表面硬度 83 4-4-2 橫截面硬度 85 4-5 裂紋形成機制及改善 86 4-5-1裂紋與顯微組織 86 4-5-2 裂紋的形成與改善 91 第五章 結論 97 第六章 參考文獻 98zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher材料科學與工程學系所zh_TW
dc.subject硬面銲覆zh_TW
dc.subjectHardfacingen_US
dc.subject助銲劑zh_TW
dc.subject裂紋zh_TW
dc.subjectfluxen_US
dc.subjectcracken_US
dc.title添加不同助銲劑對鉻基硬面合金之特性研究zh_TW
dc.titleInfluence of Various Fluxes on the Chracteristics of Cr-based Hardfacing Alloyen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
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