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A study of the no-kill policy in Changhua County public animal shelter
|關鍵字:||Animal Protection Act;動物保護法;Animal shelter;No-kill policy;Stray dogs;動物收容所;不殺生政策;流浪狗||出版社:||獸醫學系暨研究所||引用:||許桂森。2005。因應動物保護國際化的變革與作法。農政與農情158期。 2011年8月2日下載自 http://www.coa.gov.tw/view.php?catid=9681。 許雅筑。2010。不安樂的安樂死？探討臺灣公立流浪動物收容所的安樂死環節。碩士論文，國立台灣大學，台北市。 費昌勇。2002。動物倫理與公共政策。臺北市，臺灣商務印書館。 費昌勇。2009。台灣地區狗貓數調查報告。行政院農業委員會。 葉力森、石正仁。1995。台灣棄犬問題與對策。中華民國保護動物協會。台北市。 蔡欣芸。2009。從動物保護法的生成與演變探討在地動物福利之發展與實踐－以犬、貓為例。碩士論文，國立台灣大學，台北市。 賴治民、吳宗穆、張曉欽。2011。高雄市流浪犬及捕捉數目之動態平衡：利用簡單指數模型進行政策之選擇。台灣獸醫誌，37（4）：270-277。 藍當傑。2010。台灣公立動物收容所動物福利概況(2008-2009)。碩士論文，國立台灣大學，台北市。 American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). 2007. Total Pet Ownership and Pet Population. Page 15-23 in U.S. Pet Ownership & Demographics Sourcebook. American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, IL. Aronson, S. 2010. Animal Control Programs: An Overview. Page 1-10 in Animal Control Programs: A New Look at a Public Responsibility. S. Aronson, ed. Pudue University Press, West Lafayette, IN. Beck, A. M. 2002. The ecology of stray dogs. 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本研究從國內1999年至2009年的家狗數及流浪狗數的調查，再以彰化縣公立動物收容所的各項數據進行分析研究為例，估算彰化縣若實施不殺生收容所政策時，所需要的設施及人力等相關資源，並利用統計方法，找出流浪狗認養機率最高的收容天數。全國家狗數從1999年2,340,576隻快速減少至2009年的1,565,156隻，減少33.13%。流浪狗數量也從1999年的613,959隻快速減少到2004年的120,476隻，之後減少到2009年的86,244隻，減少85.95%。台灣每年進入動物收容所的數量從1999年78,686隻增加至2009年的127,023隻，增加61.43%，安樂死狗數從1999年70,231隻增加至2009年的94,440隻，增加34.47%。從2000年至2009年之動物收容相關數據，來比較與估算實施不殺生動物收容前後所需的硬體設施與人力，若實施不殺生政策，因狗舍不能重複使用，在不考慮認領養率、自然死亡率及安樂死率的情況下，彰化縣需要增建117所收容所，總佔地面積為117,000平方公尺，總人力為117位獸醫師與351位約僱人員。另依據彰化縣公立動物收容所2004年至2010年的認養記錄，分析1,553隻狗被認養時的收容天數，以克-瓦二氏單因子等級變異數分析（nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis Test）檢定發現，收容後7至13天是認養機率最高的收容天數。本研究方法可提供政府狗口數控制、流浪狗處理政策及狂犬病的防疫等相關政策之成效評估或政策修訂之參考使用。流浪狗的問題不是狗造成的，而是人造成的。以目前現況而言，在考量不殺生的流浪狗收容政策前，必須先教育民眾寵物飼主責任觀念、提升教化人類對養狗應有的道德責任、改善並落實寵物登記制度、全面執行犬隻絕育工作、限制寵物繁殖場營業、限制寵物買賣與嚴格取締棄養問題。由於流浪狗的問題是全國性的，所以無論要採取上述哪一種政策，均需全國先建立共識，同步實施，才能徹底解決問題。
This study investigated the number of household dogs and stray dogs in Taiwan from 1999 to 2009, and took the data of Changhua County animal shelter as an example to perform analyses. This study estimated the facilities and relevant human resources as required by Changhua County if the no-kill policy is implemented. Moreover, this study used statistical methods to find out the number of impoundment days with the highest adoption rate. The number of household dogs significantly decreased from 2,340,576 dogs in 1999 to 1,565,156 dogs in 2009, decreasing 33.13%, and that of stray dogs also significantly decreased from 613,959 dogs in 1999 to 120,476 dogs in 2004 and 86,244 dogs in 2009, totally decreasing 85.95%. However, the number of dogs impounded in animal shelters every year in Taiwan increased from 78,686 dogs in 1999 to 127,023 dogs in 2009, increasing 61.43%, and that of those euthanatized increased from 70,231 dogs in 1999 to 94,440 dogs in 2009, increasing 34.47%. This study compared the animal shelter-related data from 2000 to 2009 to estimate the facilities and manpower as required by animal shelters before and after the no-kill policy is implemented. If the no-kill policy is implemented, under the situation where adoption rate, natural mortality rate, and euthanasia rate are not taken into consideration, Changhua County has to additionally build 117 shelters occupying an area of 117,000 m2 and hire a total of 117 veterinarians and 351 contract workers. Moreover, based on the adoption record of Changhua County animal shelter from 2004 to 2010, this study analyzed the number of impoundment days of 1,553 dogs before they were adopted. This study performed nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis Test, and found that the number of impoundment days with the highest adoption rate was 7 to 13 days after the dogs were impounded. The methods used in this study can be provided as reference for the government to control the number of dogs, to assess the effectiveness of the policies concerning the handling of stray dogs and prevention of rabies or to amend policies. The problem of stray dogs is not caused by dogs, but by human beings. In terms of current status, before considering implementing no-kill policy for stray dog shelters, the government has to educate people the concept of pet owner responsibility to enhance their moral responsibility for dogs, improve and put into practice the pet registration policy, comprehensively implement the birth control policy for dogs, restrict the operation of puppy mills, restrict pet trade, and strictly enforce a ban on pet abandonment. Because the problem of stray dog is a national issue, to completely solve this problem, it is necessary for the public to reach a consensus in advance regardless of the policy to be implemented.
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