Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/14542
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dc.contributor.advisor陳榮松zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorRong-Song Chenen_US
dc.contributor.author張順竹zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorChang, Shun-Chunen_US
dc.date2004zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:52:39Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:52:39Z-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/14542-
dc.description.abstract台灣地狹人稠,土地資源非常的有限,而平地的利用將近到達極限,往山坡地發展是不可避免的趨勢。在發生豪大雨的時候,山坡地的洪水逕流量和洪峰流量會顯著增大,坡地逕流歷線也會跟著改變,使得原有的排水系統無法負荷,造成臨近邊緣區域以及其下游地區存在水患增大的威脅。 在從事水利工程之規劃設計等相關問題時,如能掌握真實時的水文狀況,往往是水利工程成敗的關鍵,而最能顯現水文特性的,以降雨與逕流關係最為代表。本研究將以有較佳水文模擬之水筒模式,並簡化之旱田水筒模式為基礎,另以對坡地逕流具有良好模擬效果之運動波模式,初步探討對坡地逕流模擬的表現。並選定位於台中盆地內之坡地旱田試驗區為研究區,及選定兩場降雨事件作模擬研究,最後以五種指標均方根誤差-RMSE,效率係數-CE,洪峰誤差百分比-EQ,p洪峰到達時刻誤差-ETp,總體積誤差百分比-EV等作模擬結果評估,整體上兩種模式都有不錯之適用性,惟以運動波模式之洪峰到達時間誤差較小,對洪峰模擬性較佳。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractTaiwan is a small island. Due to the high population density, the land resources are strictly limited. Since the utilization of useful plain is up to the end, the development of hillside has been a trend and inevitable for recently years. During storm seasons, especially when occurred by Typhoon, the huge rainfall always followed by the heavy precipitation and the peak rainfall is far from estimated. Simultaneously, the amount of hydraulic and surface rainfall will be increasing rapidly, the drain systems will out of the original burden. That will threaten the people who live near and downstream areas of hillside. While dealing with the planning and design works of hydraulic engineering, the key factor is the simulation of the real condition of hydrology. This research is based on tank model which have best hydrologic simulation for simplify to the Dry-tank model, and the kinematics wave model which have best simulation for upland rainfall. Then apply both modes described to study the relationship and effect between rainfall and upland. On the other hand, we select the test area located on Tai-Chun basin, and with two field rainfall event as practical example to clarify the results of the both modes. Finally, the following 5-indexs - RMSE(Root mean squared error),CE(Coefficient of efficiency),EQp(Percent error of peak discharge),ETp(Error of time to peak),and EV(Percent error of total volume) by evaluating . Above two models are applicable, but for ETp index from the kinematics wave model is smaller than the one from Dry-tank model.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents謝 誌 ……………………………………………………Ⅰ 中文摘要 …………………………………………………Ⅱ ABSTRACT ……………………………………………………Ⅲ 目錄 ……………………………………………………Ⅳ 表目錄 ……………………………………………………Ⅵ 圖目錄 ……………………………………………………Ⅶ 第一章 前言 …………………………………………………1 1.1研究動機 …………………………………………………1 1.2研究方法 …………………………………………………1 1.3本文組織架構 ……………………………………………2 第二章 文獻回顧 ……………………………………………4 2.1旱田水筒模式相關研究 …………………………………4 2.2運動波模式相關研究 ……………………………………9 第三章 理論分析 ………………………………………10 3.1旱田水筒模式 …………………………………………10 3.1.1 旱田水筒模式參數之修正 ………………………11 3.2 運動波模式 …………………………………………12 3.2.1 河道之水流基本方程式 ………………………14 3.2.2 坡面之水流基本方程式 ………………………13 3.2.3 運動波之解析法 …………………………………16 第四章 研究試驗區概況 …………………………………22 4.1試驗區氣候 …………………………………………22 4.2試驗區自然水文環境 ………………………………23 第五章 研究試驗區模式化 ………………………………28 5.1旱田水筒模式化建立 ………………………………28 5.1.1 旱田水筒模式參數之率定 ……………………28 5.1.2 旱田水筒模式參數率定之結果 ……………………30 5.2運動波模式化建立 …………………………………32 5.2.1 河道流參數之決定 ……………………………33 5.2.2 坡面流參數之決定 ……………………………34 5.2.3 入滲量之決定 ……………………………35 5.3 模擬之降雨事件 ……………………………………35 第六章 研究結果與討論 …………………………………37 6.1模擬效能之評鑑 ………………………………………37 6.2旱田水筒模式模擬結果 ………………………………38 6.3運動波模式模擬結果 …………………………………40 6.4模擬結果討論 …………………………………………42 第七章 結論與建議 ………………………………………45 7.1結論 ……………………………………………………45 7.2建議 ……………………………………………………46 參考文獻 …………………………………………………47zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher土木工程學系zh_TW
dc.subjecttank modelen_US
dc.subject水筒模式zh_TW
dc.subjectkinematics wave modelen_US
dc.subjectsimulateen_US
dc.subject運動波模式zh_TW
dc.subject模擬zh_TW
dc.title坡地旱田降雨逕流分析研究zh_TW
dc.titleStudy on Rainfall-Runoff Analysis of Upland Field in Hillslopeen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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