Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The Comparison of Pathogenicity on Native and Invaded strain of Classical Swine Fever Virus
豬瘟為豬隻急性發熱之高接觸性傳染性疾病，以全身臟器出血及免疫抑制現象為主徵。近年來自台灣野外所分離的豬瘟病毒株中，主要可被區分為兩個族群-即本土型與外來型 (native and invaded strain) 豬瘟病毒。為瞭解本土型 (Native strain; 94.4) 與外來型 (New invaded strain; Ping Tung) CSFV於病毒複製速率及致病性上之差異性，本實驗係採用活體內 (in vivo) 感染方式，以兩次以上回毒 (passaged in pigs) 後之毒血接種7週齡豬隻，除記錄攻毒後臨床表現外，並嘗試建立pathology score作為virulence phenotype之分析，並配合RT-PCR及病毒分離進一步分析病毒於各臟器之分佈情形。結果顯示94.4株攻毒組並不呈現出全身各臟器明顯出血及脾臟梗塞的病灶，但屏東株攻毒組不但臨床症狀如發燒，病程較快且持續較久，而其他典型豬瘟病變也較早出現，且在病變程度上亦較為嚴重，特別是非化膿性腦炎之病變更比94.4株明顯。由此可見豬瘟之特徵性病變中，其各項病變強度及出現頻度會依不同病毒株而有相當程度上之差異。此外，在病毒增殖之速率上，94.4株及屏東株攻毒組若以nested RT-PCR於第2天即可由血液偵測出病毒核酸，而第4天以nested RT-PCR即可自扁桃腺、脾臟、胸腺、腎臟以及骨髓偵測到病毒核酸。以IFA法亦能在腦組織及腎臟中測得病毒，但屏東株攻毒組之病毒量皆高於94.4株。綜合上述臨床症狀、病理學變化、RT-PCR及病毒分離結果顯示，目前台灣田間所流行之豬瘟野外毒如屏東株應是屬於中間強毒，而感染後之致病性亦較本土型94.4株強。為進一步探討豬瘟病毒之致病機制，經利用正常豬肺臟巨噬細胞 (porcine alveolar macrophage; PAM) 做初代培養後再感染病毒，另一方面則灌洗攻毒豬之PAM，經培養後測定細胞培養液之病毒力價，結果證實PAM確為豬瘟病毒感染及複製之標的細胞之一，並且可因持續性感染PAM而導致TNF-a mRNA表現量降低，然而PAM所媒介之炎症反應在調節免疫系統上所扮演之角色仍未明瞭，應有更進一步探討的必要性。總而言之，因外來型豬瘟病毒 (屏東分離株) 之致病性及複製速率皆優於本土型豬瘟病毒 (94.4分離株)，因此推論外來型屏東株因具活體內複製優勢，導致兩型病毒株間之消長現象，造成台灣地區豬隻皆以感染屏東株為主的因素之一。
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease affecting swine and generating leucopoenia and immunosuppression. At least two major genotypes, named native strain such as 94.4 isolate and new invaded strain such us Ping-Tung isolate of classical swine fever virus (CSFV), have been identified in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences of pathogenicity and replication kinetics between two genotypes of CSFV in vivo. In order to minimize the influence of virus virulence following the passage of virus in cell culture, the new invaded Ping-Tung and native 94.4 isolates were repeatedly replicated in pigs for the recovery as well as amplification of viruses. The whole blood samples were collected at the peak of disease after inoculation. The pathological scores based on clinical signs, pathological lesions and histopathological examination were calculated to evaluate the differences of the pathogenicity between viruses. Moreover, RT-PCR, virus isolation and IFA were applied to assess the distributions and titers of viruses in organs during the course of infection. The results demonstrated that no significant hemorrhage and spleen infarct were noticed even after a four-time passage of the native 94.4 in pigs. However, the Ping-Tung isolate caused clinical signs more severe including fever duration, hemorrhage, and encephalitis during the period of infection. The results of nested RT-PCR also indicated that the new invaded Ping-Tung isolate had higher replication rate than the native 94.4 in tonsil, spleen, thymus, kidney and bone marrow in vivo. In addition, the porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM) were collected and used to evaluate virus titer and cytokine profiles after inoculation. The results revealed that CSFV could infect and replicate in PAM and also downregulate the m-RNA of TNF-a in pigs. In conclusion, the new invaded Ping-Tung isolate surpassed the native 94.4 in pathogenicity and in replication, that might contribute to the reason for why domination of new invaded strain in fields in Taiwan.
|Appears in Collections:||獸醫病理生物學所|
Show full item record
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.