Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15445
標題: 錨板在砂土中極限阻抗力之三維有限元素分析
Three Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Ultimate Resistance of Anchor in Sand
作者: 賴昆琪
Lai, Kun-Chi
關鍵字: Anchor;錨版;Ultimate Resistance of Anchor;錨版極限阻抗力
出版社: 土木工程學系所
引用: 參考文獻 [1] Murray, E. J. and Geddes, J. D., “Resistance of Passive Inclined Anchor in Cohesionless Medium,” Geotechnique, Vol. 39, No. 3, 1989, pp. 417-431. [2] Murray, E. J. and Geddes, J. D., “Passive Inclined Anchors in Sand Medium, ” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117, No. 5, 1991, pp. 810-814. [3] Das, B.M., “Pullout Resistance of Vertical Anchor,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 101, No. 1, 1975, pp. 87-91. [4] Das, B.M., Seeley, G.R. and Das, S.C., “Ultimate Resistance of Deep Vertical Anchor in Sand,” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1977, pp. 52-56. [5] Rowe, R. K. and Davis, E. H., “The Behaviour of Anchor Plates in Sand,” Geotechnique, Vol. 32, No. 1, 1982, pp. 25-41. [6] Dickin, E. A. and Leung, C. F., ”Evaluation of Design Methods for Vertical Anchor Plates,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 111, No. 4, 1985, pp. 500-520. [7] Neely, W. J., Stuart, J. G. and Graham, J., “Failure Loads of Vertical Anchor Plates in Sand,” Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 99, 1973, pp. 669-685. [8] Oveson, N. K. and Stromann, H., “Design Methods for Vertical Anchor Slabs in Sand,” Proceedings of Specialty Conference on Performance of Earth and Earth Supported Structures, ASCE, No. 2.1, 1972, pp. 1481-1500. [9] Meyerhof, G. G., “Uplift Resistance of Inclined Anchors and Piles,” Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Moscow, USSR, No. 2.1, 1973, pp. 167-172. [10] Caquot, A. and Kerisel, L., Traite De Macanique Des Sols. Gauthier- Villars, Paris, France, 1949. [11] Sokolovski, V. V., Statistics of Granular Media. , Pergamon Press, New York, 1965. [12] Biarez, I., Boucraut, L. M. and Negre, R., “Limiting Equilibrium of Vertical Barriers Subjected to Translation and Rotation Forces,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Montreal, Canada, No. 2, 1965, pp. 386-372. [13] Duncan, J. M. and Mokwa, R. L., “Passive Earth Pressures: Theories and Tests,” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 127, No. 3, 2001, pp. 248-257. [14] Das, B.M., “Pullout Resistance of Vertical Anchor,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 101, No. 1, 1975, pp. 87-91. [15] Murray, E. J. and Geddes J. D., “Uplift of Anchor Plates in Sand,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 113, No. 3, 1987, pp. 202-215. [16] Rao, K. S. and Kumar, J. “Vertical Uplift Capacity of Horizontal Anchors,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 7, 1994, pp. 1034-1047. [17] Ghaly, A. and Hanna, A., “Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Single Vertical Anchors,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1994, pp. 661-672. [18] 王少濂“砂土中擴座地錨互制行為之研究,”朝陽科技大學營建工程系碩士論文,台中,2004。 [19] Das, B. M ., Seeley, G. R. and Das, S. C., “Pullout Resistance of Vertical Anchor,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 101, NO. 1, 1975, pp. 87-91。 [20] Akinmusuru, J. O., ” Horizontally Loaded Vertical Plate Anchor in Sand, ” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 104, No.2, 1978, pp. 283-286。 [21] Das, B.M., Seeley, G.R. and Das, S.C., “Ultimate Resistance of Deep Vertical Anchor in Sand,” Soils and Foundations, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1977, pp. 52-56. [22] Akinmusuru, J. O., “Horizontally Loaded Vertical Plate Anchor in Sand,”Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 104, No. 2, 1978, pp. 283-286. [23] Ghaly, A. and Hanna, A.,“Ultimate Pullout Resistance of Single Vertical Anchors,”Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1994, pp. 661-672. [24] Biarez, I., Boucraut, L. M. and Negre, R., “Limiting Equilibrium of Vertical Barriers Subjected to Translation and Rotation Forces,” Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Montreal, Canada, No. 2, 1965, pp. 386-372. [25] Dickin, E. A., “Uplift Behavior of Horizontal Anchor Plates in Sand,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 114, No. 11, 1988, pp. 1300-1317. [26] Matyas, E. L., and Davis, J. B. “Prediction of Vertical Earth Loads on Rigid Pipes.”Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 109, No. 3 1983, pp. 190-201. [27] Majer, J.(1955). ”Zur Berechnung von Zugfundamenten.” Osterreichische Bauzeitschrift, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 85-90(in German). [28] Meyerhof, G. G. and Adams, J. L., “The Ultimate Uplift Capacity of Foundations,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4, 1968, pp. 225-244. [29] 愛發股份有限公司,2005,「ABAQUS實務入門引導」,全華科技圖書股份有限公司。 [30] 蘇奕端“垂直錨版在不同緊密砂中曵阻力行為之研究,” 國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,台中,2005。 [31] 鄭志宏“水平中心間距對垂直錨版在鬆砂中水平曵阻力之研究” 國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,台中,2006。 [32] Hsu, S. T., and Liao, H. J., “Uplift Behaviour of Cylindrical Anchors in Sand,” Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 35 , No. 1, 1998 , pp. 70~80 [33] 許世宗,”砂土中垂直地錨之錨碇行為”,國立台灣工業技術學院博士學位論文,台北,1995。 [34] 陳建言“水平中心間距對垂直錨版在鬆砂中水平曵阻力之研究,”國立中興大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,台中,2002。 [35] Balla, A.,“The Resistance to Breaking-out of Mushroom Foundations for Pylons,”Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Paris France, Vol. 1, 1961, pp. 569-576.
摘要: 
本研究針對水平與垂直錨版兩種不同形式,在不同的埋入比的鬆砂中進行三維度有限元素分析,來探討其阻抗力大小及塑性區發展之趨勢。
本研究是利用ABAQUS軟體來進行三維度有限元素分析,並將分析結果與研究相關理論與實驗成果加以比較分析。如下列幾點結果:
1. 垂直錨版的阻抗能力和破壞達到極限阻抗時之位移會隨著埋入比的增加而增加。
2. 水平錨版的阻抗能力隨著埋入比增加而增加,其破壞達到極限阻抗時之位移隨著埋入比增加而增加,但較不明顯。
3. 在垂直錨版部分,在埋入比較淺時與實驗值較接近也可看出地表的土壤有微小隆起之現象,達破壞時有延伸到地表的趨勢。而埋入比較深時與學者研究成果較接近,且發展會在錨板前方某一範圍內。
4. 在水平錨版部分,可得到塑性發展區較集中在兩端處,在埋入比較淺時可看出地表的土壤有較明顯的隆起,在埋入比較深時漸不明顯。
5. 垂直錨版案例之分析結果,可得知淺埋入比時,其結果和Meyerhof
和Adams以及鄭志宏實驗值有良好的關連性。而深埋入比則和Meyerhof較為近似。
6. 水平錨版案例之分析結果,和Rao與Kumar有良好的關連性,在低埋入比時和Balla與Meyerhof和Adams之研究結果較為近似。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15445
其他識別: U0005-3008200608041300
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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