Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/15619
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor王如意zh_TW
dc.contributor吳瑞賢zh_TW
dc.contributor陳世凱zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor陳榮松zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorRong-Song Chen 陳榮松zh_TW
dc.contributor.author江辰懋zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorchiang, Chen-Maoen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2008zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:54:20Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:54:20Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2607200714593500zh_TW
dc.identifier.citation參考文獻 1. 蔡逸文、陳獻、張斐章,(2005),「灌排水路應用生態工法實施流程之擬議」,農工學報51卷3期 2. 蘇郁文,(2005),「溪流生態棲地之簡易視覺評估法-以北坑溪為例」逢甲大學水利工程學系,碩士論文 3. 加藤宗英,(2005),「小型魚類的游泳能力評估」,農業土木學會誌 4. 林鎮洋、陳彥璋、吳明聖,(2004),「河溪生態工法」,明文書局 5. 楊桂芬(2004),「推動圳路綠美化、水門公園化、水路生態化概況」,農田水利51卷3期 6. 陳冠瑋,(2004),「河溪生態工法物理棲地評估模式之研究」逢甲大學水利工程學系,碩士論文 7. 日本農林水產省農業農村整備部會技術小委員會,(2004),「與環境相調和考量下事業實施之調查規劃、設計入門 (第3篇)」 8. 日本農林水產省農業農村整備部會技術小委員會,(2002),「與環境相調和考量下事業實施之調查規劃、設計入門」 9. 鈴木正貴等,(2000),「小規模水田魚到的開發」農業土木學會誌 10. United States Department of Agriculture(1998)__ Stream Visual Assessment Protocol 11. 周建成,(1980),「台灣河川水質指數之建立」,國立成功大學環境工程系,碩士論文 12. 有機農業電子報第140期「苦茶粕之危害」,http://organic.niu.edu.tw/08-periodical-room/newspaper/2002/2002-0729-140.htm 13. 有機農業全球之訊網,http://info.organic.org.tw/supergood/front/bin/home.phtml 14. 行政院農委會動植物防疫檢疫局http://163.29.152.82/event/pp01/index.htm 15. 中國漁業網,http://www.cappma.com/zh_TW
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/15619-
dc.description.abstract本研究探討日本實行農村生態復育情況,找出使生物經由水田、水路、埤塘及河川這些以水流構成的生態廊道完成其完整生命週期的關鍵因素。研究中透過對日本農村生態復育實際運作的介紹,整理出生態考量的實施重點及注意事項,並配合生態評估方法對復育後的試驗地逕行評估與討論。由於,生態工法需要配合目標區域的環境進行適切的規劃,所以並沒有標準的進行方式。為了找出台灣現在的水田、水路生態環境和農業習慣與日本不同之處,以及找出復育工作主要的瓶頸點,本研究在台灣西部找尋了兩個試驗水田作為主要試驗對象。經過調查了解試驗區環境及農友意願後,對兩個試驗地提出不同的規劃與設計,大甲地區進行不影響農作的觀察和試驗,而苑裡地區則是對於水田水路中的瓶頸進行改善,並觀察改善後的生態評估成果。經由水田區現地試驗結果顯示,泥鰍可以透過簡易的設施進出水田與水路。在田間施灑苦茶粕,也可以透過水田排水量的控制而減少對水路中生物的傷害。此外,去除水路中生物移動阻礙,可使水田水路及生態池形成一個通暢的生態廊道,改善水田水路系統的棲地品質。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThis research is to study the situation of implementing the rural ecology restoration of Japan, and to find out the key factors which can make the living beings finish their intact cycle of life via the paddy field, channel, pool and rivers those made up of rivers which form the ecological corridor. Through the introduction of actual operation to Japan''s rural ecology restoration, we can generalize the implementation focal point of the ecology considering and precautions that the attitude was considered, cooperate with ecology assess method to assess and discuss the experimental grounds those have been implemented restoration. In order to find out the differences in the present paddy field, channel ecological environment and agriculture custom between Taiwan and Japan, and to find out the main bottlenecks of restoration, we have looked for two experimental paddy field as the main test target in the west of Taiwan in this research. After investigate that finds out about the environment of trial zone and peasant''s will, propose different planning and design to two experimental areas: The Dajia area implements observation and test that do not influence the farming cultivation of crops. The Yuanli area is improving to the bottleneck in the channel of paddy field, and observes the ecological restoration achievement after improving. The result of the test of the paddy field shows that the loach can pass in and out the paddy field and channel by simple and easy facilities. Spraying Kuu-Char meal in the can be also through the control of the displacement of paddy field to reduce the organisms of the channel injury. Besides, getting rid of the living beings move the bottleneck in the channel can make the channel of paddy field and ecological pool form an unobstructed ecological corridor, and can also improve the cache quality of the channel system of paddy field.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents目錄 頁次 謝誌…………………………………………………………………Ⅰ 中文摘要……………………………………………………………Ⅱ 英文摘要……………………………………………………………Ⅲ 目錄…………………………………………………………………Ⅳ 圖目錄………………………………………………………………Ⅵ 表目錄………………………………………………………………Ⅹ 第一章 緒論…………………………………………………………1 1.1研究動機…………………………………………………………1 1.2研究目的…………………………………………………………1 第二章 文獻回顧……………………………………………………3 2.1日本水田水路生態復育原則……………………………………3 2.1.1生態復育之範圍………………………………………………3 2.1.2農村自然環境的特質…………………………………………3 2.1.3生態復育進行步驟……………………………………………5 2.1.4調查要點………………………………………………………7 2.1.5規劃要點………………………………………………………9 2.1.6設計要點………………………………………………………10 2.2環境評估方法……………………………………………………12 2.2.1評估方法………………………………………………………12 2.2.2評定等級………………………………………………………13 2.3台灣水田特殊環境相關研究-福壽螺……………………………15 2.3.1福壽螺特性……………………………………………………15 2.3.2福壽螺防治方法………………………………………………16 2.3.3苦茶粕特性……………………………………………………17 2.3.4使用苦茶粕之優缺點…………………………………………18 2.4目標物種-泥鰍相關研究…………………………………………18 2.4.1泥鰍習性………………………………………………………18 2.4.2泥鰍游泳及跳躍能力…………………………………………20 第三章 研究及評估方法……………………………………………22 3.1研究方法…………………………………………………………22 3.1.1試驗地選擇……………………………………………………22 3.1.2調查……………………………………………………………22 3.1.3規劃……………………………………………………………24 3.1.4設計……………………………………………………………24 3.2評估方法…………………………………………………………24 第四章 試驗地概述及改善方法介紹………………………………27 4.1試驗地選定………………………………………………………27 4.2各試驗地調查(初步調查、調查方針、調查結果)……………29 4.2.1大甲試驗地……………………………………………………29 4.2.2苑裡試驗地……………………………………………………36 4.3各試驗地規劃……………………………………………………43 4.3.1大甲試驗地……………………………………………………43 4.3.2苑裡試驗地……………………………………………………43 4.3.3目標物種………………………………………………………44 4.4各試驗地改善設計………………………………………………44 4.4.1大甲試驗地苦茶粕魚類適應試驗……………………………44 4.4.2大甲試驗地水田水路泥鰍溯上試驗…………………………49 4.4.3苑裡試驗地環境改善設計……………………………………54 第五章 結果與討論…………………………………………………59 5.1大甲試驗地苦茶粕影響試驗結果與討論………………………59 5. 2大甲試驗地泥鰍上溯實驗結果與討論…………………………64 5.3苑裡試驗地改善結果……………………………………………66 5.4指標物種復育可能性……………………………………………68 第六章 結論與建議…………………………………………………69 6.1結論………………………………………………………………69 6.2建議………………………………………………………………70 參考文獻………………………………………………………………71 附錄.1 評分標準……………………………………………………73zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher土木工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2607200714593500en_US
dc.subjectPaddy fishwayen_US
dc.subject水田魚道zh_TW
dc.subjectEcological restorationen_US
dc.subjectAssessment of ecological environmenten_US
dc.subject生態復育zh_TW
dc.subject生態評估zh_TW
dc.title台灣水田地區及農水路生態復育之初步研究zh_TW
dc.titlePreliminary Study for ecological restoration of paddy field and agricultural channel in Taiwanen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所
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