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dc.contributorLi-Ling Hongen_US
dc.contributorShi-Yu Zhuen_US
dc.contributorLyan-Ywan Luen_US
dc.contributor.advisorChi-Chang Linen_US
dc.contributor.authorHsieh, Kun-Shuen_US
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dc.description.abstractThis study presents a damage localization technique for seismically-excited buildings based on changes of dominant frequencies identified from incomplete measurements. Both planer shear buildings and torsionally-coupled (TC) buildings were considered. The SRIM system identification technique was firstly used to estimate the dynamic properties of the building. However, mode shapes can not be obtained completely due to incomplete measurements. An optimal mode shape recovery technique was proposed to recover the complete first mode shape of the system. A time domain and a frequency domain objective function were considered. Pattern Search Tool in MATLAB was employed to minimize the objective functions. A fuzzy inference system (FIS) and a MAC (Mode Assurance Criterion) index were applied to develop the damage localization technique. Finally, a three-story benchmark building in NCREE was considered to examine the accuracy and applicability of the proposed damage localization technique via experimental data. The acceptance of the assumption was also verified.en_US
dc.description.abstract本文針對平面剪力與扭轉耦合建築結構,探討僅量測部分樓層振動反應情況下,利用最佳振態還原技巧,還原完整之振態值,並進行層間損壞評估。本文方法首先針對未損壞之剪力結構,利用輸入、部分輸出量測訊號以SRIM系統識別技巧獲得部份模態參數,並由預估未知之振態和時域、頻域兩種最佳化指標,藉由Matlab程式內建之直接搜尋法,使未知之振態收斂至最佳值,作為該系統之最佳振態值,以還原完整之振態值。進而,利用還原之完整振態參數,進行結構損壞位址偵測。損壞位址偵測法,主要是建立損壞前後多模態頻率變化,應用模糊推論系統或模態確証準則(Mode Assurance Criterion, MAC)指標來判別損壞層間位置,並估算其層間勁度折減比。文中針對平面與扭轉耦合剪力建築結構進行數值模擬,探討本文方法之限制與適用性。最後並以國家地震工程研究中心標竿構架震動台試驗紀錄進行分析驗證,以驗證本法於實際應用時之可行性。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents謝誌 i 中文摘要 ii Abstract iii 目錄 iv 表格目錄 vii 圖形目錄 xv 第一章 緒論 1 1.1 研究動機與目的 1 1.2 文獻回顧 2 1.2.1 系統識別理論 2 1.2.2 損壞指標 4 1.3 本文內容 5 第二章 最佳振態還原及損壞位址偵測理論推導 7 2.1 最佳振態還原 7 2.1.1 層間勁度推導 7 2.1.2 最佳振態評估方法 9 2.1.3 最佳化指標 11 2.1.4 最佳化流程與方法 12 2.2 損壞位址偵測 13 2.2.1 損壞位址偵測理論推導 14 2.2.2 判定損壞位址之法則 16 第三章 平面剪力建築結構振態及損壞評估數值驗證 21 3.1 多層平面剪力結構 21 3.1.1 平面剪力結構最佳振態還原 21 3.1.2 質量預估誤差的影響 22 3.1.3 損壞位址偵測 23 3.2 不同損壞指標比較 25 3.2.1 其他損壞指標 25 3.2.2 數值驗證比較 29 3.3 損壞位址偵測理論之適用性 34 第四章 扭轉耦合建築結構 36 4.1 扭轉耦合建築結構模式理論推導 36 4.1.1 扭轉耦合建築結構模式 36 4.1.2 依模態參數計算平移與旋轉勁度 42 4.1.3 依模態參數計算樓版偏心距 45 4.2 假設條件與未知數的關係 47 4.3 最佳扭轉耦合振態還原 49 4.4 數值模擬驗證 51 4.4.1 損壞前後扭轉耦合數值模式定義 51 4.4.2 最佳振態還原 52 4.4.3 損壞位址偵測 54 4.4.4 最佳扭轉耦合振態還原之適用性 55 第五章 標竿結構損壞評估 57 5.1 標竿結構基本資料與實測紀錄 57 5.2 依實測試驗紀錄之最佳振態還原 58 5.3 依實測試驗紀錄之損壞位址偵測 59 第六章 結論與建議 61 參考文獻 63zh_TW
dc.subjectincomplete measurementsen_US
dc.subjectdamage localizationen_US
dc.subjectexperimental verificationen_US
dc.subjectoptimal design theoryen_US
dc.subjectfuzzy inference systemen_US
dc.titleOptimal Mode Shape Recovery and Damage Localization for Buildings Based on Incomplete Measurementsen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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