Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16242
標題: 半主動摩擦調諧質量阻尼器之振動台試驗與減振分析
Shaking table test and vibration control analysis of semi-actively friction-typed tuned mass dampers
作者: 何玉泊
He, Yu-Bo
關鍵字: 調諧質量阻尼器;tuned mass damper
出版社: 土木工程學系所
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摘要: 
A TMD system consists of an added mass with properly functioning spring and damping elements that provide frequency-dependent damping in a primary structure. The design and application of linear typed tuned mass damper systems are well developed, nonlinear TMD systems are still developing. A friction-type TMD, i.e. a nonlinear TMD, has the advantages of energy dissipation via a friction mechanism. However, a passive-friction TMD (PF-TMD) has such disadvantages as a fixed and pre-determined slip load and the PF-TMD may lose its tuning and energy dissipation abilities when the PF-TMD is in its stick state. A semi-active-friction TMD (SAF-TMD) is used to overcome these disadvantages. The SAF-TMD is composed of a mass and a semi-active friction device. The friction force of the semi-active friction device is controllable. A non-sticking friction (NSF) control law, which is able to keep SAF-TMD activated throughout an earthquake with arbitrary intensity, was conducted. In this thesis, both theoretical and experimental investigations were conduced for the SAF-TMD system. The test results also demonstrate that the dynamic responses are very consistent with the theoretical ones obtained from numerical simulation. This verifies the feasibility and efficiency of the SAF-TMD system.

設計調諧質量阻尼器(Tuned Mass Damper, TMD)之自然頻率與主體結構主要頻率調頻時,將主體結構受外力作用引致之部分動、位能將轉移至TMD,並利用TMD之阻尼消散能量,以降低主體結構之動態反應,進而提升主體結構之安全性與居住舒適度。線性TMD之研究與發展已經相當成熟,而非線性TMD之相關研究為目前國內外研究重點,有鑑於此,本文利用摩擦消能原理,發展摩擦型半主動TMD系統。本文所研發之半主動摩擦調諧阻尼器(Semi-actively Friction-Typed TMD, SAF-TMD)係由質量塊與半主動摩擦機構所組成,屬於非線性TMD減振裝置。配合防鎖摩擦(Non-sticking Friction, NSF)控制律,可改進被動摩擦型調諧質阻尼器(Passive Friction-Typed TMD, PF-TMD)因黏著而失去調頻與消能作用的缺點,NSF控制律僅需回授TMD與主結構之相對速度,具有高度實用性。同時,本研究除推導SAF-TMD之理論公式外,並進行結構裝設SAF-TMD之振動台減振試驗,試驗結果與理論分析結果相當吻合,顯示SAF-TMD應用於結構減振具有高度的實用性。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16242
其他識別: U0005-1908201002081600
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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