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標題: 以超音波萃取結合非溶劑分離萃取技術及氣相層析電子捕捉偵測器分析柳丁果皮中農藥殘留量
Application of ultrasonic-assisted extraction couple non-solvent extraction for the determination of pesticides in orange samples with gas chromatography-micro electron capture detector
作者: 邱翊桓
Chiou, Yi-Huan
關鍵字: pesticide residues;有機磷;ultrasonic-assisted extraction;non-solvent extraction;除蟲菊;超音波萃取;非溶劑分離
出版社: 化學系所
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考慮到會對萃取效率有所影響之條件進行最佳化探討,包含萃取溶劑之選擇搭配、萃取溶劑混合比例、非溶劑中鹽類濃度、非溶劑體積、非溶劑pH值、超音波萃取時間、非溶劑分離時間等探討。研究結果顯示,取柳丁果皮固定面積2.25cm2約0.9g置於10mL針筒中,加入1 mL 4%甲苯與丙酮混和萃取溶劑以超音波震盪3分鐘,取5mL非溶劑添加於針筒內並以轉速3200rpm離心4分鐘為最佳化條件確立,使用實驗室開發玻璃毛細取樣管裝置取樣,取1 microL萃取相注入GC-ECD分析。對樣品前處理時間約8分鐘即可完成。相關係數(R2)在0.9917~0.9992之間,偵測極限在0.04~1 ng/g之間。以單位面積上所殘留農藥量表示,相關係數(R2)在0.9929~0.9992之間,偵測極限在0.02~0.6 ng/cm2之間。應用於此方法可在短時間內完成多種農藥快速偵測,過程操作簡便快速,有機溶劑使用量少,並建立以單位面積上農藥殘留量為新參考標準。
其他識別: U0005-2308201011014700
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