Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16922
標題: Synthesis of Porphyrins with Various Pull Units for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
應用於染料敏化太陽能電池具多樣化拉電子單元之紫質合成
作者: 王綸鴻
Wang, Lun-Hong
關鍵字: Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells;染料敏化太陽能電池;Porphyrins;pull-units;紫質;拉電子單元
出版社: 化學系所
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摘要: 
我們成功的利用簡單的合成步驟合成出一系列具有不同拉電子單元的鋅紫質染料,並進一步應用在染料敏化太陽能電池上。由於此類的紫質染料受到拉電子單元的影響,使其UV-Vis吸收光譜均比YD2有變寬及紅位移的現象,但是由UV-Vis吸收光譜與emission計算結果HOMO-LUMO能階差卻沒有明顯的減小,而由DFT理論計算結果顯示,在LUMO時電子密度主要集中在拉電子單元,預期可以增加電子注入TiO2的效率,結果光電轉換率最佳的紫質染料為(27) ,僅有10.14%,無法有效的超越YD2(11%)。
由於以YD2為基本架構改良拉電子單元的紫質染料在光電轉換率上的表現不如預期,於是我們又另外設計並合成出一系列引入具有長的烷氧鏈的鋅紫質染料,其目的是用來減少染料分子間的堆疊,以及減少電解液進入紫質染料分子間,進而提升光電轉換率,我們相信若繼續修飾上不同的拉電子單元將對光電轉換率的提升有所幫助。

A series of porphyrin dyes with various pull-units have been designed and synthesized for use as sensitizers in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). Because of the pull-units, UV-vis absorption spectra of porphyrin show broadened and red-shifted Soret and Q bands with respect to those of reference porphyrin YD2. But the HOMO-LUMO gaps of porphyrins decrease insignificantly even the π conjugated system was extended. Quantum-chemical (DFT) calculations demonstrate electronic distribution of the LUMO mainly located on the pull-units, and that results in efficient electron injection. However, in this series, the best power conversion efficiency is 10.14% for (27) which still not effective beyond YD2(11%).
Since the power conversion efficiency of modified porphyrin dyes which based on YD2 was not so high as we excepted, we designed and synthesized another series of porphyrin dyes. By modification of the long alkoxyl chains to prevent the porphyrin molecules from dye aggregation for an efficient electron injection and to form a blocking layer on TiO2 surface for a retarded charge recombination. We also hope to have better results by modification of various pull-units in this series.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/16922
其他識別: U0005-2807201115514200
Appears in Collections:化學系所

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