Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17333
標題: 中共「和平崛起」戰略思維之研究
The Research of The Communist Party of China on Strategical of" Peaceful Rising"
作者: 張鵬初
Chang, Peng-Tsu
關鍵字: 中共崛起;和平崛起;和平發展;戰略思維;新安全觀;地緣政治;國家戰略;大國外交;區域強權;國際環境;跨域性;後冷戰;綜合性;政治
出版社: 國際政治研究所
摘要: 
冷戰結束,伴隨而來的經濟全球化,推動了國際社會互動與跨域性的深化,提供中共崛起的環境。對西方國家而言,視中共為周旋的大國或是一種威脅,一向受到關注。中共適時提出「和平崛起」論述後,又改以「和平發展」,其思維轉變則是主要研究動機。本文藉由國家戰略研究途徑,歸納「和平崛起」戰略構想與內涵及限制,探究中共面對國際間競爭合作環境,在無法超越現實主義權力平衡框架限制下,瞭解其國家戰略走向。
「綜合性安全」是後冷戰時期的安全概念,中共「新安全觀」係以「互信、互利、平等、合作」爲內涵,需要和平安全穩定的國際環境,發展以經濟為主的戰略。透過地緣政治與經濟整合,建置其「和平崛起」的戰略構想;是以和平共處原則作為戰略指導,發展綜合國力成為戰略基礎,強化盟友關係互為戰略依拖,塑造國家形象融為戰略核心,支撐國家戰略目標。冀達在政治上,力求內部穩定;外交上,朝「大國外交」多邊發展;經濟上,持續經改開放;軍事上,朝向現代化科技建軍,積極參與國際軍事合作事務,以建立區域強權。
儘管中共宣揚以和平方式成為一個不具威脅的崛起大國,但仍受到美國及周邊國家視為競爭對手。在國際體系中,中共為社會主義政體,未必就能因經濟改革的動態特性,帶來社會開放的現實,而能相互共容。尤其,兩岸政治議題更是影響中共崛起的焦點;中共能否以和平手段崛起,躋身世界大國地位,界定於本身如何演變;其政治穩定、經濟成長、軍力提昇、台海問題和平解決,將成為「和平崛起」關鍵所在。

After the Cold War ends, the coming of global economy has led to the interaction among international societies providing an environment for the rising of China. For countries in the west, they view China as a threat and drew a lot of concern. After China propose the words -“Peaceful Rising”, and then change them into “Peaceful Development”. It's changing is the main motivation of this study. This thesis use the way of country strategy to deduce the strategy thought of “Peaceful Rising” and it's limitation. It also tries to understand the trend of country strategy when China deals with an environment with corporation among countries.
“Comprehensive Security” is a concept during the post-cold war. China's new security concept needs an environment with peace and stable to develop a strategy based on economy. Through region politics and economic integration, China introduces a strategic concept of “Peaceful Rising”- strategically guided by get along peacefully, strategically based on developing comprehensive national power, strategically supported by strengthening partner relation, strategically centered by molding nation image to support the goal of nation strategy. Its purpose is to seek inner stabilization in politics, to develop multi-relation in diplomacy, to continue reform in economics, to orientate technology in military and enthusiastically participate national Military Corporation to build up its region power.
Despite propagandizing its peaceful way without holding a threaten position, China has been regarded as competitive opponent by U.S.A and countries around China. In the international system, China is a socialism entity, but this does not mean it can tolerate mutually due to economic reform. Especially, the politics issue between two sides is the main focus of China's “Peaceful Rising”. Whether China can enter world power by way of “Peaceful Rising”, its politics stability, economic growth, military upgrade, peacefully resolve Taiwan issue, these are the crucial factors of “Peaceful Rising”.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/17333
Appears in Collections:國際政治研究所

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.