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The Research on China's Asia-Pacific Geographical Strategy and Security of the Taiwan Strait
KUO, YAO CHIE
|關鍵字:||地緣戰略;Geographical Strategy;和平崛起;中國威脅論;多極化;一個中國;Peaceful Rise;China Threat Theory;Multi-polarization;One China||出版社:||國際政治研究所||摘要:||
The Research on China’s Asia-Pacific Geographical Strategy and Security of the Taiwan Strait
After the Cold War, the polarized system, of which the two superpowers, the U.S. and Russia, are the symbols, collapsed; the world geopolitics obviously developed toward the direction of peace and stability, and the new and stable international structure hasn’t formed yet in a short time. In order to adapt to the transition of this huge structure, each country continuously develops and adjusts its strategies. Because of the decline in the economic and political strength, Russia couldn’t support and deal with Asia-Pacific affairs. And, the U.S. also kept adjusting its force deployment in the Asia-Pacific area. By holding this opportunity, China started the competition of Asia-Pacific geopolitical strategies as well.
After practicing the reform and open policies, with the great progress of comprehensive national strength, the way China rose aroused the attention of the international society, especially the surrounding countries, thus, “China Threat Theory” became more and more well-known. In 2003, China proposed the concept of “Peaceful Rise” to solve the statement of “China Threat Theory” spreading internationally. Therefore, at present, China promotes the geographical strategies of three levels: one is the ocean strategy focusing on Taiwan Strait; another is the surrounding geographical strategy focusing on “Amity with Neighboring Countries”; and the other is the international strategy focusing on anti-hegemony and promoting world multi-polarization.
In the process of rising in the world, China believes that Taiwan Issue is its biggest negative as well as the biggest barrier to its rise. Therefore, China regards solving Taiwan Issue as the most prior strategic consideration. To achieve the unity of sovereignty and territory earlier, China proposed the principle of “One China”, and even enacts “Anti-separation Law” in 2005 to claim that when the condition of peaceful unity is completely lost, it will take non-peaceful means to defend the integrity of national sovereignty and territory, which will have huge impact on our national interests and security. Hence our government should scheme corresponding policies as soon as possible to ensure our national security.
Key Word: Geographical Strategy， Peaceful Rise， China Threat Theory， Multi-polarization,，One China
|Appears in Collections:||國際政治研究所|
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