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標題: 危機處理模式比較分析─以中國大陸、台灣處理SARS為例
Comparative Study of Crisis Management: The Cases of Mainland China and Taiwan in Dealing with SARS
作者: 黃志超
Huang, Jeh-Chao
關鍵字: 危機;Crisis;危機周期;危機處理;嚴重急性呼吸道症候群;世界衛生組織;Cycle of Crisis;Crisis Management;Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS);World Health Organization (WHO)
出版社: 國際政治研究所
The occurrence of Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 has encouraged researchers to concentrate on how states deal with the crisis and manage it. By choosing Mainland China and Taiwan as the cases, this thesis intends to make description and comparison of two governments in handling the SARS crisis, especially in administrative effectiveness and the ability of crisis management. By adopting Steven Fink's crisis model as research framework, this work will point out the similarities and differences of crisis management during the SARS period of the two governments.
This research finds that there are common defects during the SARS crisis for both governments, such as distraction of crisis processing, poorly function of health administration sectors, tardily response to emergency, perception difference on epidemic prevention and passive of epidemic prevention strategies among different bureaucrats. The result also indicates that the health systems of Taiwan are more responsive than that of Mainland China in network systems of monitoring and informing.
Finally, this thesis proposes ten policy recommendations in dealing with infectious diseases such as SARS. These recommendations include 1. to establish professional institutions to deal with epidemic prevention; 2. to revise and augment the laws to deal with national emergency; 3. to revise the laws of infectious disease of prevention and cure; 4. to establish the standard procedures to manage the emergency of epidemic prevention; 5. to setup the processes of public of epidemic prevention; 6. to strengthen the medical personnel ability to handle emergency; 7. to improve the communication quality of epidemic situation to the public; 8. to ensure the necessary inspection of trespass; 9. to host the international academic conference of infectious disease; and last, to be affiliated with the World Health Organization.

2003年全球SARS肆虐,疫區國家如何應付此一危機成為危機處理研究之重要議題。本文研究目的係從全球防治的觀點出發,並以中國大陸及台灣為研究案例,探討兩岸政府處理SARS危機的行政效能,以檢視政府危機處理能力。在研究方法上,本文採取案例研究與比較研究法,並以Steven Fink危機四階段的劃分為研究架構,以比較事件發展過程中,两岸政府在處理上的相同及相差之慮。
Appears in Collections:國際政治研究所

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