Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1761
標題: Fe- Al2O3真空燒結磁性磨料特性研究
A Study of Vacuum Sintering Magnetic Abrasive of Material Fe- Al2O3
作者: 鄭振瑤
Zheng, Zhen-Yao
關鍵字: Magnetic Abrasive;磁性磨料;Magnetic Abrasive Finishing;Vacuum Sintering Technology;Taguchi Experimental Design;磁力研磨拋光;真空燒結技術;田口實驗法
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1] T. Shinmura, K. Takazawa and E. Hatano, “Study on Magnetic–Abrasive Finishing (3 Report) – Finishing Characteristics Non-ferromagnetic Substances –”,J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.53, No.9 (1987), pp.1440-1446 [2] T. Shinmura and K. Takazawa, “Study on Magnetic Abrasive Process-Application to Plane Finishing ”, Bull. Japan Soc. of Prec. Engg., Vo1.19, No.4 (Dec . 1985), pp.289-291. [3] 安齋正博, 中川威雄, “磁石を利用した金型磨き自動化の試” ,機械と工具, 1992年3月, pp.41-46. [4] T. Shinmura, K. Takazawa and E. Hatano, and T. Aizawa, “Study on Magnetic–Abrasive Process– Finishing Characteristics–”, Bull. Japan Soc. of Prec. Engg., Vo1.18, No.4 (Dec . 1984), pp.347-348. [5] 進村武男,波田野荣十, “磁力研磨法の研究-回轉磁極による內面および球面の研磨-”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.52, No.8 (1987), pp.1390-1392. [6] 林清田,“不鏽鋼SUS304磁力研磨拋光加工特性之研究”,碩士論文,國立中興大學機械工程研究所,2004. [7] 鄭棕仁, “電解與磁力研磨之複合加工技術研究 ” ,碩士論文,國立中央大學, 桃園,2002. [8] 安齋正博, 須藤亨,中川威雄, “磁氣研磨用砥粒の新製造技術とその研磨特性表面仕上” ,機械と工具, 1992年3月, pp.41-46. [9] T. Shinmura, K. Takazawa and E. Hatano, “Study on Magnetic – Abrasive Finishing(1 Report) – On Process Principle and a Few Finishing Characteristics” – J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.52, No.5 (1986), pp.851-857. [10] T. Shinmura, E. Hatano and K. Takazawa, “Development of Plane Magnetic Abrasive Finishing Apparatus and its Finishing Performance”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.52, No.6 (1986), pp.1080-1086. [11] M. Anzai , T. Sudo, T. Nakazawa, “Development of Magnetic Abrasives and It’s Finishing Characteristics–”, Bull. Japan Soc. of Prec. Engg., Vo1.19, No.3 (Sept.1985), pp.218-220. [12] T. Shinmura, F. H. Wang and T. Aizawa, “Study on a New Finishing process of Fine Ceramics by Magnetic Abrasive Machining– On the Improving Effect of Finishing Efficiency Obtained by Mixing Diamond Magnetic Abrasives with Ferromagnetic Particles –”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.59, No.8 (1993), pp.1251-1256. [13] T. Shinmura and H. Yamaguchi, “Study on a New Internal Finishing Process by the Application of Magnetic Abrasive Machining (Internal Finishing Process of Stainless Steel Tube and Clean Gas Bomb)”, Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C, Vo1.59. No.560 (Apr.1993), pp.293-299., (in Japanese). [14] G.W. Chang , B.H. Yan , R.T. Hsu, “Study on Cylindrical Magnetic Abrasive Finishing Using Unbonded Magnetic Abrasives”, International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture , Vo1.42, (2002), pp.575-583 [15] 莊政儒,“磁力研磨法應用於方管內表面精磨之研究”,碩士論文,華梵大學機電工程研究所,2002 [16] H. Yamaguchi, T. Shinmura, and K. Kuga, “New Internal Finishing Process Applying Magnetic Abrasive Machining (5th Report, Effects of Magnetic Abrasive Behavior on Finishing Characteristics)”, Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C, Vo1.62. No.600 (Aug.1996), pp.373-378., (in Japanese). [17] T. Shinmura, T. Aizawa, “Study on Magnetic Abrasive Finishing Process–Development of Plane Apparatus using a Stationary Type Electromagnet–”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.23, No.3 (1989), pp.236-239. [18] 波田野 荣十,進村武男, “磁氣研磨法の研究-永久磁石を利用した研磨裝置の試作-”,J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.53, No.3 (1987), pp.497-450. [19] T. Shinmura, H. Yamaguchi and T. Aizawa, “A New Internal Finishing Process of a Non-ferromagnetic Tubing by Applying a Magnetic Field – The Development of a Unit Type Finishing Apparatus using Permanent Magnets –”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.59, No.1 (Dec. 1993), pp.161-166. [20] T. Shinmura and T. Aizawa, “Study on Internal Finishing of a Non – ferromagnetic Tubing by Magnetic Abrasive Machining Process”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.54, No.04 (1988), pp.767-773. [21] T. Shinmura, “A New Internal Finishing Process of a Non – ferromagnetic Tubing by Abblying a Rotaing Magnetic Field”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.55, No.11 (1989), pp.1880-1885. [22] 安齋正博, “磁氣研磨法の应用” ,熱處理, 33卷6號,1993年12月, pp.339-345. [23] 安齋正博, 須藤亨,中川威雄, “磁氣を利用した金型曲面の表面仕上” , J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.57, No.12 (1991), pp.2209-2212. [24] J.D. Kim, M.S. Choi, “Study on Magnetic of Polishing Free-Form Surface ”, Int. J. Mach. Tool Manufact., Vo1.37, No.8 (1997), pp.1179-1187. [25] 趙玉剛,周锦进,金洙吉,刘爱華, “自由曲面磁粒光整加工的研究” ,電加工, 1999年第2期, pp.18-21. [26] 趙玉剛,江世成,周锦进, “新型的复雜曲面磁粒光整加工机床” ,Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vo1.36, No.3 (Mar. 2000), pp.100-103. [27] T. Shinmura, “Study on Plane Magnetic Abrasive Finishing (3 Report) – On the Finishing Characteristics of Non – ferromagnetic Substances –”, J. of JSPE (in Japanese), Vo1.55, No.7 (1989), pp.1271-1276. [28] H. Yamaguchi and T. Shinmura, “Study on a New Internal Finishing Process by the Application of Magnetic Abrasive Machining – Discussion of the Roundness-”, J. of JSPE ( in Japanese), Vo1.62, No.11 (1996), P1617-1621. [29] 黃文科, “磁氣研磨拋光之研究 ” ,碩士論文,國立雲林科技大學, 2001. [30] 李輝煌,”田口方法-品質設計的原理與實務”,高立圖書有限公司,民國八十九年
摘要: 
磁性磨料在磁力研磨拋光中所扮演的角色相當於加工機中之刀具tools,為磁力研磨拋光極為重要的加工要素。磁性研磨材料必須具備有被磁化性質及有研磨能力的複合磨料,磁化性良好的物質如鐵、鈷、鎳..等;研磨材的種類如氧化鋁、碳化矽、氮化硼、碳化硼、鑽石粉末...等。由於磁性磨料所需之製造設備昂貴,製造過程亦需要特殊的專業技術,導致目前國外進口磁性磨料價格居高不下。

為探討燒結後磁性磨料之結合度的狀況,及其應用於不銹鋼SUS304之表面粗糙度及材料移除率,本研究採用真空燒結技術並配合田口實驗法進行燒結實驗規劃,製造結合鐵與氧化鋁之磁性磨料,以獲得鐵粉粒度、氧化鋁粉粒度、成份比例、壓製成形壓力、PVA黏結劑、燒結溫度、加熱時間等七個不同因子之最佳參數組合,並以SEM搭配EDS分析燒結後之磁性磨料。經由實驗結果發現自行研發的磁性磨料經過實際的拋光驗證,已能將不銹鋼SUS304之表面拋光至鏡面程度(Ra0.018μm),足以媲美日本進口之磁性磨料,初步已展現出良好的研究成果。

本研究之主要目的係利用真空燒結技術,進行研發更優質、更耐磨且低成本的磁性磨料,亦即磁性磨料之研製及最佳配方參數之獲得。並將研發成功的磁性磨料廣泛的應用於不銹鋼平面、內外徑、彎曲管、螺旋曲管的內部等零件,期望將可為國內磁力研磨技術帶入另一個嶄新的境界。

The role of magnetic abrasives in Magnetic Abrasive Finishing corresponds to that of the tools used in Machine Tool, which makes magnetic abrasive an important factor during the process of Magnetic Abrasive Finishing. Magnetic abrasives are composite abrasives which must be magnetizable and abrasive. Substances with fine magnetization include Fe, Co, nickel, etc.; varieties of abrasive are Al2O3, SiC, BN, B4C, Diamond Powder and so on. However, the high-priced equipment and special expertise for the making process of magnetic abrasive make the price of import magnetic abrasive stay high.

In order to discuss the surface roughness and material removal weight on the application of stainless steel SUS304 through sintered magnetic abrasive, the study adopts Vacuum Sintering Technology to produce the magnetic abrasives with the combination of Fe and Al2O3, along with the Taguchi Experimental Design for carrying out the sintering experiment so that we could obtain the best parameter of Fe particle, Al2O3 particle, element proportion, pressure (MPa), PVA, temperature and heating time. And finally we analyze the magnetic abrasives by SEM with EDS. The result shows that the self-developed magnetic abrasives through exactly finishing testified can finish the surface of stainless steel SUS304 to Ra 0.018μm. It is good enough to compete with the magnetic abrasives imported from Japan.

The study is to use Vacuum Sintering Technology to develop the magnetic abrasives with higher quality, better wearing resistance , and lower price, that is, the development of magnetic abrasives and the obtainment of the best parameter. The application of successfully developed magnetic abrasives on surface, inside and outside diameter, curve pipe, spiral pipe parts of stainless steel may lead the magnetic abrasive skills of our country to a brand new state.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1761
其他識別: U0005-2908200617194700
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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