Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1791
標題: 高精度鋼珠表面檢測驅動機構研究
Study on the Surface Inspection Driving Mechanism for High Precision Steel Ball
作者: 吳竹曦
Wu, Chu-Hsi
關鍵字: Steel Ball;鋼珠;Surface Defect;Optical Inspection;CAE;表面缺陷;光學檢測;電腦輔助工程
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: 【1】 蕭光傑,非接觸式真球度量測與形狀誤差分析,中原大學機械工程研究所碩士論文,1994年。 【2】 陳義吉,精密鋼珠即時量測系統之設計與製作研究,國立中興大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2005年。 【3】 蔡坤宏,鋼球驅動機構設計分析,國立中興大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2004年。 【4】 蔡孟儒,光碟片表面瑕疵檢測系統之研發,中華大學機械與航太工程研究所碩士論文,2002年。 【5】 張翔昇,應用機器視覺方法於鋼珠表面瑕疵之檢測,元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文,2003年。 【6】 劉鈺鴻,光纖位移感測器於渦輪機葉片振動量測應用之數值模擬,國立中興大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2002年。 【7】 郭恆菖,應用光功率衰減法於雷射測距之研究,逢甲大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2003年。 【8】 傅子瑜,光纖對接之光功率推測研究 ,南台科技大學機械工程系碩士論文,2004年。 【9】 林志生,利用有限元素法模擬缺陷差異對渦電流檢測法之影響,國立中山大學機械與機電工程學系碩士論文,2005年。 【10】 蔡昌宇,光纖感測器與主結構間之應變傳遞分析與量測研究,元智大學機械工程學系碩士論文,2002年。 【11】 林宸生,光纖量測系統,逢甲大學,http://cslin.auto.fcu.edu.tw/eleme/mea/14-3.htm 【12】 George Marsaglia, Choosing a Point from the Surface of a Sphere Annals of Mathematical Statistics, Vol. 43, No. 2. (Apr., 1972), pp. 645-646. 【13】 [Harris, 1984] T. A. Harris, 1984, Rolling Bearing Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, New York. 【14】 天工股份有限公司,http://www.tankong.com,2005年。 【15】 吳東欣,大口徑塑膠光纖預型體之製備及光學特性探討,國立成功大學化學工程學系碩士論文,2004年。 【16】 Keyence,EX-V Series Instruction Manual,感測器影像系統及量測儀器,台灣基恩斯股份有限公司,2004-2005。 【17】 馬松軒, 鋼珠外觀質量檢驗系統開發與研究, 重慶鋼珠有限責任公司. 【18】 R. Luck, D.H. Warrington, Spherical geometric representation of coincidence site lattice (CSL) rotations for icosahedral symmetry, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, pp. 25-27,1996. 【19】 N.N.Bolotnik,”The motion of an absolutely rigid body on a two-degrees-of-freedom joint in a uniform gravitational field”,J.Appl,Mechs,pp.865-872,1955. 【20】 Ian S. Fischer, "Dual Angle and Axis of a Screw Motion" Mechanisms and Machine Theo ry, v.33, n.3, pp.331-340, April ,1998. 【21】 R.C.Hibbeler,”Engineering Mechanics Dynamics”,Prentice-Hall international,ninthe dition.,1997. 【22】 A. T. Yang, 1969, “Displacement Analysis of Spatial Five-Link Mechanisms Using (3×3) Matrices With Dual-Number Elements”, Transactions of the ASME, J. Eng. Ind., Vol. 91, pp. 152-157. 【23】 D. M. Wallace and F. Freudenstein, 1970, “The Displacement Analysis of the Generalized Tracta Coupling”, Transactions of the ASME, Journal of Applied Mechanics, Series E, Vol. 37, No. 3, pp. 713-719. 【24】 I. S. Fischer, 2003, “Velocity analysis of mechanisms with ball joints”, Mechanics Research Communications, Vol. 30, pp. 69-78. 【25】I. S. Fischer, 2000, “Numerical analysis of displacements in spatial mechanisms with ball joints”, Mech. Mach Theory, Vol. 35, pp. 1623-1640. 【26】I. S. Fischer, 1998, “The Dual Angle and Axis of A Screw Motion”,Mech. Mach Theory, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 331-340. 【27】 H. Y. Lee, and C. G. Liang, 1987, “Displacement Analysis of the Spatial 7-LINK 6R-P Linkages”, Mech. Mach Theory, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 1-11.
摘要: 
美國軸承協會依據鋼珠批次直徑公差、單一直徑公差、真圓度、表面粗度來定義鋼珠等級標準,在鋼珠成品檢測中,尚須對鋼珠表面瑕疵做篩檢,瑕疵的種類包含了有刮痕、銹蝕、霧面、凹坑、裂紋等,高等級的鋼珠需仰賴光學方式進行檢測並加以篩選,才能確保鋼珠品質。本文針對現有之油式非接觸式光學鋼珠表面篩選機台做探討,主要目的是分析直徑1mm之鋼珠通過機台驅動機構時鋼珠運動的模式,進而由數學理論估算檢測軌跡對於鋼珠表面整體的覆蓋率,以瞭解機台是如何驅動鋼珠達成表面全檢之功能,並探討各幾何參數變化對檢測效率之影響,希望本研究成果可供設計者於設計檢測驅動機構時參考。
研究先對檢測方式、檢測原理做一探討,再計算鋼珠運動方程式,最後由電腦輔助工程軟體(CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering)ADAMS模擬鋼珠運動,並由掃描過之軌跡計算掃描面積之覆蓋率,結果顯示,於原機台僅需17點檢測位置便可完成表面全檢。文中並探討了塑膠導螺桿半徑、轉速、螺距、雙螺紋與鋼軸旋轉模式對鋼珠表面檢測覆蓋率影響。

The AMBA (American Bearing Manufacturing Association) has defined the standard for classification of steel ball which is according to the batch diameter tolerance, single diameter tolerance, roundness and surface roughness of steel ball. The surface defect of steel ball is inspected during the quality control process. The defects include scratch, rusty, smoothness, flaw and crack. The optical device is used in inspection high grade steel ball to ensure the quality. This thesis is focus on the oily non contact optical high grade steel ball inspection machine. The aim is to analyze the motion of an 1 mm steel ball during it passing through the driving mechanism of this machine, and then estimate the inspecting scanning locus on the ball surface by mathematical theory to evaluate the coverage of ball surface. The purpose is to understand how it can achieve the whole surface inspection. The influence of geometry parameters is also discussed in here. We hope this result can provide useful information for designers in design driving mechanism of inspection machine.
This research is started with discussing of principles and methods of inspection, then calculating the formula of movement for steel ball, and finally using CAE software ADAMS to simulate the motion of steel ball. Also the inspecting scanning locus is used to calculate the coverage of ball surface. The results show that original machine can scan whole ball surface by only 17 scanning points. The influence of coverage due to the radius, angular velocity, pitch, double thread of plastic screw, and rotational mode of steel axis are also discussed in here.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1791
其他識別: U0005-0402200814475500
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.