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CPW-fed Monopole Antenna Characterized by Using Particle Swarm Optimization Incorporating Decomposed Objective Functions
|關鍵字:||CPW-fed antennna;共平面波饋入型天線;particle swarm optimization;decomposed objective function;equivalent circuit;阻抗粒子尋優演算法;分解機制函數;等效電路||出版社:||應用數學系所||引用:||References  M. Abdo-Tuko, M. Naghed and I. Wolff, “Novel 18/36 GHz MMIC GaAs FET frequency doublers in CPW techniques under the consideration of the effects of coplanar discontinuities,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory Techniques, Vol. 45, pp. 1307-1315, Aug. 1993.  G. Tzeremes, T. S. Liao, P. K. L. Yu and C. G. Christodoulou, “Computation of equivalent circuit models of optically driven CPW-fed slot antennas for wireless communications,” IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letter, Vol. 2, pp. 140-142, 2003.  A. Kerkhoff, H. Ling, “The Design and Analysis of Miniaturized Planar Monopoles,” IEEE Internal Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 4, pp. 30-33, Jun. 2002.  N. P. Agrawall, G. Kumar, K. P. 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A systematic design strategy for Coplanar Waveguide fed (CPW-fed) monopole antennas is developed in this work by using an improved Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) to determine the optimized values of an equivalent circuit's components. The impedance response on the desired frequency band can approximate that of the antenna at the feed point. Owing to the problems of information deficiency in the objective function, optimized results via conventional PSOs generally have failed to satisfy the expected requirements. An improved PSO incorporating a Decomposed Objective Function (PSO-DOF) is therefore proposed to overcome this problem. The objective function is first decomposed into a number of portions by using a set of weighting functions, and then each decomposed portion is used to evolve a corresponding group of factors in a particle. Because of the results optimized via the proposed PSO-DOF, the relationship between the antenna geometrical dimensions and circuit components can be established as a guideline for adjusting the antenna configuration to meet the desired specifications. Simulation results have demonstrated that the PSO-DOF is superior to the other PSO schemes in characterizing an equivalent circuit of a CPW-fed monopole antenna at the feed point, and successfully addressing the issue of information deficiency in the objective function.
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