Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/18025
標題: 區域貿易協定與安全之關聯性研究─美韓FTA與韓歐FTA之實證分析
A Study of Connection between Regional Trade Agreement and Security:The Empirical Analysis of US-South Korea and EU-South Korea FTA
作者: 李鍾秀
Li, Zhong-Xiu
關鍵字: 美韓FTA;綜合性安全;經濟全球化;KORUS FTA;Comprehensive Security;Economic Globalization
出版社: 國際政治研究所
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摘要: 
一般悉知,早期的自由貿易協定(Free Trade Agreement, FTA)只有涉及經貿功能層面。然而與時俱進的FTA演進為超越傳統商品貿易的「深度整合型 FTA」,近年來全球更興起一股簽訂FTA的風潮,亞洲國家更相競逐FTA的簽定。若站在國家安全及綜合性安全(comprehensive security)的角度來看,為維護國家利益、爭取國家目標之實踐,各個國家幾乎都會擬定相關之國家戰略與政策措施。
隨著國際經濟互賴關係的廣化與深化,「對外經濟戰略」逐漸成為國家戰略規劃中不可或缺的一環,兼具政治及經濟效應的FTA 也成為與他國結盟重點。然而本文即研究南韓在面對金融風暴與經濟全球化的挑戰,其對外貿易政策是否亦為政治及經濟下之產物,以及南韓的綜合性戰略之理解是否能夠完全解釋韓國與美、歐盟所洽簽之FTA。
韓國FTA戰略,可知其乃著眼於全球經貿版圖,以據點國家為樞紐再擴散形成一個經濟圈,在通商投資的考量之外,亦將能源外交納入FTA政策當中。受到經濟全球化影響,台灣基於國家綜合性安全考量必須調整外交(或政治)與經濟政策,而我國與韓國對外貿易或經濟發展類似,都受制於國內經濟發展空間狹小,勞動成本昂貴等因素,因此經濟上不得不依存於其他國家,台灣可借鑑韓國FTA戰略做為調整我國因應全球區域整合局勢變遷之政策範本。

Generally speaking, the early Free Trade Agreement (Free Trade Agreement, FTA) only involve in trade and economic function level. FTAs keeps pace with the times and evolved into depth integration of exceeding traditional commodities trading, which rise a wave of one signed the FTA in recent years, especially between the Asian countries, there is more relative to compete for the FTA signing. However, any country would intend to do the national strategy and policy measures to safeguard national interests when it comes to protecting national security and competing for implement of national goal which the perspective of comprehensive security.
With International Economic Interdependence widen and deepen, foreign economic strategy affects policy-making of national strategic. Also, FTAs which have both political and economic effects also becoming the core of alliance with other countries. However, this thesis analyzes that whether the external trade policy of South Korea is the result of the political and economic when it facing the challenges of financial crisis and economic globalization, as well as comprehensive understanding of strategic of South Korea is able to fully explain contact the signing of the FTA between South Korea, United States, and European Union.
Korea’s FTA strategy is the program which focuses on the territory of the global economic and put her as a trade hub and spread to form an economic zone. Besides the consideration of the International Trade and Investment, energy diplomacy will also be included in the FTA policy. Based on national security considerations and affected by the economic globalization, Taiwan must adjust diplomatic (or political) and economic policy, while Taiwan and South Korea''s external trade or economic development are similar, since both countries are restricted by the development of the domestic economy, expensive labor costs and other factors, have to depend on other countries in the economic, Taiwan can learn from South Korea FTA strategy as the adjustment of the situation changes in response to the global, regional integration policy model.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/18025
其他識別: U0005-2401201316344400
Appears in Collections:國際政治研究所

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