Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1822
標題: 台灣風場評估及風力機可用性分析-以台中風力發電廠為例
Assessment of Wind Farm in Taiwan and Availability Analysis of Wind Turbine-Examplified by Wind Power Generator at Taichung Power Plant
作者: 陳一成
Chen, Yi-Cheng
關鍵字: 實際發電量;Actual Power Production;實測計算發電量;理論計算發電量;預估發電量;Theoretical Calculated Power Production;Measured Calculated Power Production;Predicted Power Production
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: 一、國內文獻 1.資料提供:台灣電力公司電源開發處。 2.資料提供:台灣電力公司營建處風力發電施工處。 3.台電風力發電第一期計畫可行性研究報告91年3月。 4.莊月璇,「台灣地區風速機率分佈之研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學研究所碩士論文,2001。 5.曹大鵬,「風力機擷取風能比較及發電系統動態模擬分析」,國立中山大學電機工程學系碩士論文,2002。 6.胡斯遠,「新型流道式風力發電機組之研究設計」,國立台灣大學機械工程學研究所博士論文,2005。 7.陳國忠,「葉片扭轉角對水平式風力機性能影響之數值研究」,國立台灣技術大學機械工程系碩士論文,2005。 8.黃建日、李敏,「澎湖中屯風力發電機運轉資料分析」,2007。 二、國外文獻 1.Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia. 2.Patel MR, “Wind and solar power systems. Florida”. America: CRC Press, 1999. 3.Lu L, Yang H and Burnett J, “Investigation on wind power potential on Hong Kong—an analysis of wind power and wind turbine characteristics”. Renewable Energy 2002;27:1–12. 4.Alhusein MA, Abu-Leiyah O and Inayatullah GA, “Combined system of renewable energy for gridconnected advanced communities”. Renewable Energy 1993;3(6/7):563-6. 5.Kim S and Kim C et al. “Load sharing operation of a 14 kW photovoltaic/wind hybrid power system”. In: Conference Record of the Twenty-Sixth IEEE, 1997:1325-8. 6.Celik, A.N., 2003, “A statistical analysis of wind power density based on the Weibull and Rayleigh models at the south region of Turkey”. Renewable Energy, 29,593-604. 7.Chang, T.J., Wu, Y.T., Chu, C.R. and Liao, Cm., 2003, “Assessment of wind characteristics and wind turbir characteristics in Taiwan”. Renewable Energy, 28,851-871. 8.Seguro JV and Lambert TW. “Modern estimation of the parameters of the Weibull probability density distribution for wind energy analysis”. Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 2000; 85:75-84. 9.R. Pallabazzer, “Evaluation of wind-generator potentiality”. Solar Energy, Vol. 55, pp.49-59,1995. 10.R. Pallabazzer, “Previsional estimation of the energy output of wind generators”. Renewable Energy, Vol. 29, pp. 413-420,2004. 11.A Garcia, J.L. Torres, E. Prieto and A. De Francisco, “Fitting wind speed distributions: a case study”. Solar Energy, Vol.62, pp. 139-144,1998. 12.M.J.M. Stevens and P.T. Smulders, “The estimation of the parameters of the Weibull wind speed distribution for wind energy utilization purposes”. Wind Engineering, Vol.3, pp.132-145, 1979. 13.J.F. Manwell, J.G. McGowan and A.L. Rogers, “Wind Energy Explained: theory, design and application”. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 14.Justus, C.G.(1978) “Winds and Wind System Performance”. Franklin Institute Press, Philadelphia, PA.
摘要: 
為使風力發電廠場址土地最佳化利用,以實際的運轉資料演算與分析,有助於提升未來評估的正碓性與運轉的可用性。
本論文引用成熟之風能發電理論公式,套入台中風力發電廠自95年5月至96年4月之實際運轉數據,計算「最大可轉換風能」、「理論計算發電量」及「實測計算發電量」,並從SCADA讀取「實際發電量」,經轉換成「有效風率」、「自然容量因數」、「效率因子」、「容量因數」及「利用率」等五個量化的參數,供檢討分析。
針對台中風力發電廠之風場評估,本論文取可行性評估報告之「預估發電量」與前述各月份之各條件計算出來之發電量做比較,結果發現規畫之「預估發電量」過於保守,已影響投資效益評估之準確性。
可用性的分析方面,「效率因子」與「利用率」偏低現象,說明台中風力發電廠Z72機組,未能把風能合理轉換成電能,且故障時間過長。如能在自動迎風系統加以檢討改善,且加強備品整備及維修人員訓練,可用性應有進度的空間。
經台中電廠實際運轉資料印證,本論文的研究方法確可供新風力發電廠興建評估與運轉後提升可用性之分析方法。

Optimized land use of wind farm site is derived and analyzed with actual operational data, assisting in promoting future assessment accuracy and operational availability.
The mature wind power theoretical equations are used in this study to calculate “Maximum Wind Energy Conversion”, “Theoretical Calculated Power Production” and ”Measured Calculated Power Production” by using actual operational data from TaiChung wind farm during the period from May 2006 to April 2007. In addition, “Actual Power Production” obtained from SCADA is transferred into five quantitative parameters for review and analysis, which are “Power Coefficient”, “Natural Capacity Factor”, “Efficiency Factor”, “Capacity Factor”, “Usability” and etc.
For wind site assessment of TaiChung wind farm, this study uses “Predicted Power Production” obtained from feasibility report and then compared it with the power production calculated based on the conditions from the same period mentioned above. It is found that the planning “Predicted Power Production” is too conservative and therefore influents the accuracy of investment benefit. For usability analysis, the low value of ” Efficiency Factor” and “Usability” indicates that wind turbine Z72 in TaiChung wind farm doesn't convert wind energy into electricity effectively and also has long fault time. The usability may have a growing room if the automatic yawing system, spare part supply and maintenance personnel training are significantly improved.
This study certainly provides analysis method for new wind farm project assessment and operational availability promotion from the comparison result with actual operational data of TaiChung wind farm.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1822
其他識別: U0005-1007200708504100
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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