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標題: 相位關聯法於雷射探頭方向校準之研究
Point Laser Triangulation Probe Alignment by Phase Correlation Method
作者: 劉政猷
Liou, Jen-You
關鍵字: Alignment;校準;Phase Correlation Method;Laser Probe;Coordinate Measure Machine;相位關聯法;雷射探頭;三次元量床
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1] 林信介,「三次元量床雷射探頭校準之研究」,國立中興大學機械研究所碩士論文,民國九十二年. [2] Shiuh-Jer Huang and Chi-Chan Lin. A Three-dimensional Non-contact Measurement System. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 1997;13:419­25. [3] K. B. Smith and Y. F. Zheng. Point Laser Triangulation Probe Calibration for Coordinate Metrology. Trans ASME J Manuf Sci Eng 2000;122:582­6. [4] F. J. Shiou and M. J. Chen. Intermittent Process Measurement of A Freeform Surface Profile with a Circular Triangulation Laser Probe on a machining Centre. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2003;21:365­76. [5] F. Xi, Y. Liu and H. Y. Feng. Error Compensation for Three-Dimensional Line Laser Scanning Data. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2001;18:211­6. [6] K-C Fan. A Non-Contact Automatic Measurement for Free-Form Surface Profiles. Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems 1997;10:277­85. [7] C. C. Huang and Y. F. Zheng. Integration of Vision and Laser Displacement Sensor for Efficient and Precise Digitizing. IEEE Trans Ind Electron 1996;43:364–71. [8] C. Bradley. Automated Surface Roughness Measurement. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2000;16:668­74. [9] Xie Zexiao, Zhang Chengguo, Zhang Qiumei and Zhang Guoxiong. Modeling and Verification of a Five-Axis Laser Scanning System. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2005;26:391­8. [10] 袁紀文,「利用雷射位移計執行曲面量測之研究」, 中原大學機械工程所碩士論文,民國八十二年 [11] 張世誠, 「多軸混成式自動化量測系統之精度校正暨應用」台灣大學機械工程所碩士論文,民國八十二年 [12] W. L. Cheng and C. H. Menq. Integration Laser/CMM System for the Dimensional Inspection of Objects Made of Soft Material. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 1995;10:36–45. [13] Fang-Jung Shiou and Jung-Shiang Gao. Effect of Slice Thickness on The Profile Accuracy of Model Maker Rapid Prototyping Measured by a Circular Triangulation Laser Probe. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2003;22:796­804. [14] Tae Jo Ko, Jung Whan Park, Hee Sool Kim, Sun Ho Kim. On-Machine Measurement Using A Noncontact Sensor Based on A CAD Model. Int J Adv Manuf Technol 2007;32: 739­46. [15] Gou-Jen Wang, Chung-Chang Wang and S. H. Chuang. Reverse Engineering of Sculptured Surfaces by Four-Axis Non-Contacting Scanning. Int J adv Manuf Technol 1999;15: 800­9. [16] M. Buzinski, A. Levine and W. H. Stevenson. Performance Characteristics of Range Sensors Utilizing Optical Triangulation. IEEE National Aerospace and Electronics Conference 1992;03:1230­6. [17] K. B. Smith and Y. F. Zheng. Multi-Laser Displacement Sensor Used in Accurate Digitizing Technique. Trans ASME J Eng Ind 1994;116:482­90. [18] C. D. Kuglin and D. C. Hines. The Phase Correlation Image Alignment Method. Int Conf Cybernetics and Society 1975; 163­5. [19] E. De Castro and C. Morandi. Registration of Translated and Rotated Images Using Finite Fourier Transforms. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 1987;9:700­3. [20] Theodore Vlachos. Cut Detection in Video Sequences Using Phase Correlation. IEEE Signal Processing Letters 2000;7:173­5. [21] William Scott Hoge. A Subspace Identification Extension to the Phase Correlation Method. IEEE Trans Medical Imaging 2003;22:277­80. [22] H. Shekarforoush, M. Berthod and J. Zerubia. Subpixel Image Registration by Estimating the Polyphase Decomposition of Cross Power Spectrum. in Proc CVPR 1996;532–7. [23] 范光照, 張郭益,[精密量測],高立圖書有限公司,民國94年
為了因應目前不斷提升的精密製造技術,必須採用有效率且精確的量測系統,所以本研究使用了雷射位移感測器搭配三次元量床(CMM)組成一套3-D非接觸式的量測系統。在整體系統校正方面,我們選擇了相位關聯法(Phase Correlation Method)於雷射探頭的量測方向進行校準,也應用了三角錐校正法對於雷射探頭與接觸式探頭之間的參考位置進行校正。另外,三角錐斜面的斜率對於雷射探頭的量測數據會產生誤差。因此,我們結合一塊標準塊規量測平面和一組旋轉平台來模擬各種不同角度的三角錐。目的是針對不同斜面角度的三角錐對於雷射探頭量測與校正時的誤差影響量進行研究與分析,最後決定出三角校正錐斜面的最佳設計角度。

The more manufacturing techniques advance, the more efficient and accurate measuring system is needed and the more powerful calibration scheme must be developed. This paper uses the coordinate measuring machine as the workhorse and develops an alignment procedure for the point laser triangulation probe. We align the orientation of laser probe by phase correlation method and calibrate the reference position of it by using a pyramid artifact. Additionally, the gradient of the surface of pyramid artifact will introduce errors when measured by laser probe. In order to verify the effect of the gradients of the surface of pyramid artifact, we place a inclination adjustable non-specular block gauge on a rotatable platform to form different gradient of the surface of the pyramid artifacts.
Finally, we had discussed and analyzed the errors caused by gradient of the surface of pyramid artifact when measured by laser probe for aligning the orientation of laser probe, and decided the optimal surface orientation of pyramid artifact design.
其他識別: U0005-2308200715595200
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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