Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1912
標題: 固體物質在緊密接觸情況下吸附現象與分子遲滯效應之研究
Investigation on the Adhesion Phenomena and Hysteresis Effect of Solid Materials in Intimate Contact
作者: 吳光中
Wu, Kuang-Chung
關鍵字: Surface energy;表面能;JKR theroy;Work of adhesion;Hysteresis;JKR理論;吸附能;遲滯
出版社: 機械工程學系所
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J.,”Characterization of Adhesion at Solid Surface: Development of an Adhesion-Testing Device,” European Polymer Journal, Vol.41, pp.2803-2823 (2005). 28. Packham, D. E., “Work of Adhesion: Contact Angles and Contact Mecjanics,” International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, Vol. 16, No.2, pp.121-128 (1996). 29. Park, H. S., and Kwon, D., “An Energy approach to Quantification of Adhesion Strength from Critical Loads in Scratch Tests,” Thin Solid Films, Vol. 307, pp. 156-162 (1997). 30. Puchi-Cabrera, E. S., “A New Model for the Computation of the Composite Hardness of Coated Systems,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 160, pp. 177-186 (2002). 31. Spalvins, T., and Sliney, H. E., “Frictional Behavior and Adhesion of Ag and Au Films Applied to Aluminum Oxide by Oxygen-Ion Assisted Screen Cage Ion Plating,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 68-69, pp.482-488 (1994). 32. Rabinowicz, E., Friction and Wear of Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (1995). 33. Rundlöf, M., Karlsson, M., Wagberg, L., Poptoshev, E., Rutland, M., and Claesson, P.,”Application of the JKR Method to the Measurement of Adhesion to Lamgmuir-Blodgett Cellulose Surface,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.230, pp.441-447 (2000). 34. Smith, D. L., Thin-Film Deposition Principles & Practice, The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. (1999). 35. Van Oss, C. J., Chaudhury, M. K., and Good, R. J., “Interfacial Lifshitz-van der Waals and Polar Interactions in Macroscopic Systems,” Chemical Reviews, Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. 927-941 (1988). 36. Woerdeman, D. L., Amouroux, N., Ponsinet, V., Jandeau, G., and Hervet, H., “Characterization of Glass-Epoxy Adhesion Using JKR Methods and Atomic Force Microscopy,” Composites, Part A 30, pp.95-109 (1999). 37. Woerdeman, D. L., Emerson, J. A., and Giunta, R. K.,”JKR Contact Mechanics for Evaluating Surface Contamination on Inorganic Substrates,” Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives, Vol.22, pp.257-264 (2002). 38. You, H. I., and Lee, K. Y., “Investigation of Metallic Surface Energy Due to the Effects of Surface Roughness and Material Hardness,” Journal of the Chinese Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol.22, No3, pp. 203-208 (2001). 39. You, H. I., Wu, K. C., and Song, T. Z., “Adhesion Strength and Wear Resistance of Al2O3 Films Deposited on 440C Stainless Steel,” Journal of the Chinese Society of Mechanical Engineers Vol.28,No.3,pp.325-331(2007). 40. http://www.xjjjb.com/bxjs/2004-10/21/content_17104.jsp 41. 李正中, “薄膜光學與鍍膜技術,” 藝軒圖書出版社 (1999)
摘要: 
本文探討固體物質在緊密接觸情況下,固體接觸面之間的分子力吸附現象。首先,探討塗層薄膜的吸附強度,保護層薄膜由 陶瓷氧化物組成,以旋轉塗佈的方法沉積於440C不鏽鋼的基材上。研究基材表面粗糙度與薄膜硬化溫度在塗層上的效應,薄膜-基材系統的吸附強度是以接觸角分析儀來評估量測,吸附強度與刮痕試驗的臨界負荷作比較,磨耗試驗以盤上銷試驗的滑動接觸來決定塗層磨耗重量損失。實驗結果顯示,塗層在較平滑金屬表面,能增強基材與沉積薄膜間的吸附鍵,薄膜塗層在平滑基材與較高燒結溫度,滑動接觸有較高磨耗特性。
其次,應用JKR接觸理論研究在兩種緊密接觸固體材料之間的吸附現象。吸附實驗利用微小力變形量測儀,求得有效接觸模數與固體材料的吸附功。利用六種塑膠材料,包括聚縮醛樹脂(POM)、聚醯胺(PA)、聚對苯二甲酸乙烯酯(PET)、聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚丙烯(PP)和超高分子量聚乙烯(UHMWPE)以JKR 理論來評估吸附影響。由吸附試驗獲得的表面能與動態接觸角分析儀測得表面能互相比較。結果顯示負載過程所獲得的吸附功與JKR 方程式相符,然而,量測數據在卸載過程期間背離JKR 理論。吸附遲滯在吸附測試期間很明顯觀察到,這是由於在接觸的固體表面上分子的重建。從吸附試驗獲得的表面能與使用接觸角分析儀測量結果令人滿意。

The adhesion phenomena of molecular force between contact surfaces for solid materials in intimate contact are investigated. Firstly, the adhesion strength of coated films is examined in this work. Protective films made of Al2O3 ceramic oxide are deposited by sol-gel spin coating on the substrates of 440C stainless steel. The effects of substrate surface roughness and film hardening temperature on the coating characteristics are investigated. The adhesion strength of the film-substrate system is assessed by measuring the adhesion using a contact angle analyzer. Comparisons are made between the adhesion results and the critical loads obtained by scratch test. The wear resistance to sliding contact is represented by the wear weight loss of the coated film determined in a pin-on-disk test. The experimental results show that the ceramic films coated on smoother metallic surface strengthen the adhesive bonding between the substrate and the deposited film. The films coated on the smooth substrate and hardened at some high sintering temperature are experimentally determined to have high wear resistance to sliding contact.
Secondly, the JKR contact theory is employed to study the adhesion phenomena between two solid materials in intimate contact. The elastic contact modulus and the work of adhesion of solid materials are obtained during adhesion tests by utilizing a micro force-deflection measuring apparatus. Six of the plastic materials, including POM, PA, PET, PVC, PP, and UHMWPE are used to evaluate the adhesion effect implied by the JKR theory. Comparison is made between surface energy obtained from the adhesion tests with that by a dynamic contact angle analyzer. Results show that the load/deflection data in the loading phase are in good agreement with the predictions of JKR equation, and the experimental data of unloading phase deviate significantly from the JKR theory. The phenomena of adhesion hysteresis in loading tests are responsible for these results due to the effects of molecular reconstruction on solid surfaces in contact. The work of adhesions, and hence surface energies of plastic materials, calculated by the best fitting of JKR equation with the experimental data in the loading phase, agree satisfactorily in a comparable manner with that obtained using the contact angle analyzer.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/1912
其他識別: U0005-2507200718231600
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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