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On RFID Reader Authentication and Tag Anti-Collision
|關鍵字:||RFID (Radio Frequency Identification);無線射頻識別;Authentication;anti-collision;身份認證;碰撞避免||出版社:||資訊科學系所||引用:|| Jihoon Myung and Wonjun Lee, “An Adaptive Memoryless Tag Anti-Collision Protocol for RFID Networks.”, the 24th IEEE Annual Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2005), Poster Session, Miami, USA, March 2005.  Shang-Wei Wang, Wun-Hwa Chen, Chrng-Shyong Ong, Li Liu, and Yun-Wen Chuang, “RFID applications in hospitals : a case study on a demonstration RFID project in a Taiwan hospital.”, Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2005.  Katina Michael, and Luke McCathie, “The pros and Cons of RFID in Supply Chain Management.”, Mobile Business International Conference, 2005.  Su-Ryun Lee, Sung-Don Joo, and Chae-Woo Lee, “An Enhanced Dynamic Framed Slotted ALOHA Algorithm for RFID Tag Identification.”, The Second Annual International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Networking and Services pp. 166-174, 2005.  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無線射頻識別 (Radio Frequency Identification)，一個存在將近已50年的技術，在近幾年被大家熱烈的討論。在幾乎所有的文獻當中，對於標籤的隱私以及安全性的問題，通常針對於探討資料庫與標籤之間的認證。而隨著標籤的發展，亦使其越來越方便得以寫入訊息。但直至目前為止，在重複寫入標籤的方面似乎還有許多新的想法。在此我們提出了對於讀取裝置的認證並考慮到標籤的資源限制來提出適用於無線射頻識別系統中的認證方式。另外，在目前無線射頻識別系統運作的無線環境中，尚有標籤回應時發生碰撞以致於讀取裝置無法正確無誤確認標籤身分的問題。目前許多的解決方式似乎都還有許多改進的空間。我們在此篇論文中不延續改進先前的解決方式，而是提出了另一種方法來解決此類的問題。我們利用亂數均勻分布且無法預測的性質去達到對讀取裝置的認證以及防止標籤在回應時發生碰撞的目的，並且碰撞機率來分析我們提出的方法。
RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technique, which has been existed over 50 years, is discussed extensively at present. Regarding to the privacy and security problem of tags, most schemes discuss the authentication issue between the backend system and tags. In addition, collisions may happen when tags respond to the reader simultaneously so that the reader can not identify tags correctly. There seems to be a lot of places can be improved in the present solutions. In this thesis we take into account the resource constrained of tags and propose a new way to resolve these issues. We achieve the goal of authenticating the reader and preventing the tags collisions by using the uniformed distributed and unpredictable properties of random numbers, and then we analyze our scheme by calculating the probability of the collisions.
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