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標題: 利用無線感測網路設計與實作停車場之即時車輛定位系統
Design and Implementation of a Real-Time Automobile Location Estimation System In Parking Lots By Wireless Sensor Networks
作者: 周正財 
Chou, Cheng-Chai 
關鍵字: wireless sensor network;無線網路感測;location;MICA2;定位
出版社: 資訊科學系所
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在本篇論文中,我們應用無線網路感測器所接收到的訊號強度來測距,並採用三角定位公式來計算車輛的位置,根據Anchor與forward sensor、aggregation sensor所接收到的資訊來決定車輛的位置,提供即時的車位資訊。

Along with the fast progress development of the industry and the information science and technology, the automobile has become almost becomes the essential necessary vehicle in every household. As a results, many shopping malls and department stores have provided the parking lots to facilitate their customers to part their cars.

Nevertheless, it usually takes a lot of time for the drivers to look for a free parking space, especially when in crowded times. As a result, some parking lots have the staff to show the drivers where the free parking spaces are. However, such an approach would result in a manpower cost. Consequently, in this thesis, we design and implement a parking lots management system by wireless sensor networks. In our system, we would achieve instant vehicle position estimation in a basement parking lot.

To accomplish a vehicle position management system, firstly, we deploy lots wireless sensor nodes, which is called anchor nodes, in the parking lots. Furthermore, each car is also equipped with a wireless sensor node. Then, we utilize the signal strength of received packets sent by the anchor nodes to derive the relative distance between an anchor node and a vehicle. Finally, the vehicle position is estimated by the triangle position technique. Nevertheless, due to the multipath fading, triangle position technique would not be applied in some cases. As a result, we also derive a refinement scheme that filters out incorrect estimation and derive a more precise position estimation
其他識別: U0005-3001200716400400
Appears in Collections:資訊科學與工程學系所

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