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標題: RFID於交互驗證之安全性及其應用之研究
A Study of Mutual Authentication on RFID Security and Its Applications
作者: 李秀香
Lee, Shiow-Hsiang
關鍵字: RFID;無線射頻識別系統;hash function;security;privacy;赫序函數;安全;隱私
出版社: 資訊科學系所
引用: [1] Xingxin Gao, Zhe Xiang, Hao Wang, Jun Shen, Jian Huang, Song Song, “An Approach to Security and Privacy of RFID System for Supply Chain”, E-Commerce Technology for Dynamic E-Business, 2004. IEEE International Conference on 13-15 Sept. 2004. On page(s): 164- 168 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/CEC-EAST.2004.14. [2] Shingo Kinoshita, Miyako Ohkubo, Fumitaka Hoshino, Gembu Morohashi, Osamu Shionoiri, Atsushi Kana, “Privacy Enhanced Active RFID Tag”, In Proceedings of ECHISE 2005 (Munich, Germany, May 11, 2005). [3] Hyangjin Lee, Jeeyeon Kim, "Privacy Threats and Issues In Mobile RFID", ares, On page(s): 510-514, First International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES''06), 2006. [4] Zongwei Luo, Terry Chan, Jenny S. Li , “A Lightweight Mutual Authentication Protocol for RFID Networks”, IEEE International Conference on e-Business Engineering, , 2005. On page(s): 620-625. [5] Miyako Ohkubo, Koutarou Suzuki, Shingo Kinoshita,”A Cryptographic Approach to `Privacy-Friendly'' Tags”,RFID Privacy Workshop (MIT, Cambridge, MA, Nov. 15, 2003). [6] Miyako Ohkubo, Koutarou Suzuki, Shingo Kinoshita, “RFID Privacy Issues and Technical Challenges”, Communications of the ACM, Volume 48 , Issue 9 (September 2005). [7] Stinson, D. R., Cryptography Theory and Practice, CRC Press, 1995. [8] #Damith C. Ranasinghe, Daniel W. Engels, Peter H. Cole, “Security and Privacy Solutions for Low-Cost RFID System”, Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing Conference, 2004. On page(s): 337- 342 Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/ISSNIP.2004.1417485. [9] Melanie R. Rieback, Bruno Crispo, Andrew S. Tanenbaum, "Uniting Legislation with RFID Privacy-Enhancing Technologies", [10] Melanie R. Rieback, Bruno Crispo, Andrew S. Tanenbaum, "Is Your Cat Infected with a Computer Virus?", Fourth IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, 2006. On page(s): 169-179. [11] Melanie R. Rieback, Bruno Crispo, Andrew S. Tanenbaum, “The Evolution of RFID Security”, IEEE Pervasive Computing, Volume 5, no. 1, On page(s): 62-69, Jan-Mar, 2006. [12] Lan Zhang, Huaibei Zhou, Ruoshan Kong, Fan Yang, “An Improved Approach to Security and Privacy of RFID Application System”, Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing, 2005. Volume 2, On page(s): 1195- 1198. Digital Object Identifier: 10.1109/WCNM.2005.1544256 [13] EPCGlobal, “Guidelines on EPC for Consumer Products”, [14] EPCGlobal, [15] RSA Laboratories, [16] ZeitControl, [17] 立百世, [18] P Tuyls, L Batina, “RFID-Tag for Anti-Counterfeiting”, Topics in Cryptology-CT-RSA, 2006.
目前包括日本、南韓及我國都大力推動無所不在(Ubiquitous Computing)的網路社會,希望藉由行動通訊、無線網路等新科技之輔助,強化管理及工作效率,進而提高企業產值。而其中無線射頻辨識系統(RFID)就是目前持續蓬勃發展的一項技術。
隨著RFID應用日益廣泛,其安全機制是否可滿足管理端與消費者端之需求,成為影響到此應用是否能存續的關鍵。在RFID的應用中,主動式系統因相關軟硬體環境優異,可用嚴密的安全認證機制,但成本相對提高許多;而被廣泛使用的被動式系統,其優勢為成本較低,但因電能耗損、記憶體容量等因素,其可被採用的安全機制選項也相對受限。本篇論文將分析目前無線射頻識別系統常見的安全問題及目前現有的解決方式,並進一步地提出一個改良的互相驗證(Mutual Authentication)方式,讓我們所設計的方法不僅可提高其安全性,同時達到後端系統、讀取器及標籤之三方身份驗證,並可防止阻斷式服務攻擊;另外,經由我們所提出之方法將使得後端系統的運算量大幅降低,因此,可達到兼顧安全性、效率與低成本的需求。

Including Japan , Korea S. and our national capital promote the ubiquitous network society in a more cost-effective manner at pr esent, the ones that hoped with new science and technology , such as the mobile communication, wireless network ,etc. are auxiliary , strengthen management and working efficiency, and then improve the output value of enterprise. And Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system vigorous a
technology continuously at present among them.
As RFID is used extensivly day by day, its safe mechanism can be met and manager'' s and consumer''s demand, is the key factor of this application can be survived. In the application of RFID, because the relevant software and hardware environment is excellent in the active system, can use the tight security certification mechanism, but the cost raises much more relatively; And the passive form system used extensively, its advantage is relatively low for cost, but because the factors of the electric energy consumed and memory or storage capacity, etc., it is relatively limited too that its security mechanism adopted selects. This thesis briefly presents the current problems and solution to RFID security and privacy, and will propose an improved protocol with mutual authentication, the methos that we design, can increase the security of back-end system, reader and tag by verifying each other at the same time, and can prevent the Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. In addition, the computation loads of the back-end system is also reduced, thus we can reach the demands of a secure RFID system including security, efficiency and low cost.
其他識別: U0005-1007200717103300
Appears in Collections:資訊科學與工程學系所

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