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標題: 一個加速Weil/Tate Pairing計算的演算法
A Speed-up Algorithm for Weil/Tate Pairing Computation
作者: 張若芬
Chang, Jo-Fen
關鍵字: Algorithm;演算法;Bilinear pairing;Cryptography;Miller algorithm;雙線性配對函數;密碼學;Miller演算法
出版社: 資訊科學系所
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Montgomery, “Fast elliptic curve arithmetic and improved Weil pairing evaluation,” Proc. of CT-RSA 2003, LNCS 2612, Springer-Verlag, pp. 343-354, 2003. [16] T. ElGamal, “A public key cryptosystem and a signature scheme based on discrete logarithms,” Proc. of Crypto’ 84, LNCS 196, Springer-Verlag, pp. 10-18, 1985. [17] G. Frey, and H. Ruck, “A remark concerning m-divisibility and the discrete logarithm in the divisor class group of curves,” Mathematics of Computation, Vol. 62, pp. 865-874, 1994. [18] S. Galbraith, “Supersingular curves in cryptography,” Proc. of Advances in Cryptology-ASIACRYPT 2001, LNCS 2248, Springer-Verlag, pp. 495-513, 2002. [19] S. Galbraith, K. Harrison, and D. Soldera, “Implementing the Tate pairing,” Proc. of Algorithm Number Theory Symposium 2002, LNCS 2369, Springer-Verlag, pp. 324-337, 2002. [20] D. Hankerson, A. J. Menezes, and S. Vanstone, Guide to Elliptic Curve Cryptography, Springer, 2004. [21] A. 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Chen, “ID-based tripartite key agreement protocol with pairing,” 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, pp. 136–143, 2003. [28] B. Lynn, “Authenticated identity-based encryption,” Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2001/072, 2001. [29] A. J. Menezes, T. Okamoto, and S.A. Vanstone, “Reducing elliptic curve logarithms to logarithms in a finite field,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 39, pp. 1639-1646, 1993. [30] A. J. Menezes, Elliptic Curve Cryptosystems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. [31] V. Miller, “Short programs for functions on curve,” unpublished manuscript, 1986. [32] V. Miller, “Use of elliptic curves in cryptosystems,” Proc. of CRYPTO’85, LNCS 218, Springer-Verlag, pp. 417-426, 1986. [33] R. L. Rivest, A. Shamir and L. Adleman, “A Method for Obtaining Digital Signatures and Public-Key Cryptosystems,” Communications of the ACM, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 120-126, 1978. [34] R. Sakai, K. Ohgishi, and M. Kasahara, “Cryptosystems based on pairing,” Proc. of SCIS 2000, pp.26-28, 2000. [35] K. Shim and S. Woo, “Weakness in ID-based one round authenticated tripartite. multiple-key agreement protocol with pairings,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 166, Issue 3, pp. 523-530, 2005. [36] J.H. Silverman, The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves, Grad. Texts in Math., Springer, New York, 1986. [37] N.P. Smart, “An identity based authenticated key agreement protocol based on Weil pairing,” Electronics Letters Vol. 38 pp. 630-632, 2002. [38] W. Stallings, Cryptography and network security: principles and practice, 4th edition, Prentice Hall, 2005. [39] T. Takagi, D. Reis Jr., S. M. Yen, and B.C. Wu, “Radix-r Non-Adjacent Form and its Application to Pairing Based Cryptosystem,” IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Science (Special Issue on Cryptography and Information Security), Vol. E89-A, pp. 115-123, 2006. [40] T. Takagi, S. M. Yen, and B. C. Wu, “Radix-r nonadjacent form,” Proc. of ISC 2004, LNCS 3225, Springer-Verlag, pp. 99-110, 2004. [41] Lawrence C. Washington, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography, Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2003. [42] IEEE Standard Specifications for public-key cryptography, IEEE Std 1363-2000, IEEE Computer Society, August 29, 2000. [43] NUI Maynooth Crypto Group:
近幾年來,由於Weil pairing和Tate pairing被廣泛的應用於密碼學的各類協定上,因此能快速的計算出這些pairing值,是這些密碼學的應用系統中最重要的課題之一。而第一個能快速計算出pairing值的演算法,是由學者Miller所提出。接續這個研究,學者Blake、Murty和Xu等人在西元2006年時針對Miller演算法,提出了幾個後人稱之為BMX演算法的改進的方案。而學者Liu、Horng、Chen和Chang等人將兩種BMX演算法一般化後,提出了一個命名為LHC的演算法。

Recently, the bilinear pairings such as Weil and Tate pairings have been found many applications in cryptography. The efficient computation of the Weil/Tate pairing is one of the most significant issues in these implementations. The first efficient method of such computations was proposed by Miller. In 2006, Blake, Murty and Xu proposed some enhancements, called BMX algorithms, to the Miller algorithm. Further, Liu, Horng, Chen and Chang proposed a new algorithm, called LHC algorithm, to generalize the BMX algorithms.
Due to the inextricable complexity of the LHC algorithm, an extricable method is addressed in this thesis. This new algorithm, called Improved-LHC algorithm, can perform as fast as the LHC algorithm. However, the description of the algorithm is simplified by introducing a new variable “Borrow”. As a result, Improved-LHC is easy to read and program for practical applications.
其他識別: U0005-1304200717114400
Appears in Collections:資訊科學與工程學系所

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