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A Study of Secret Image Sharing Schemes
|關鍵字:||I-En Liao;密碼學;Tung-Shou Chen;Der-Chyuan Lou;偽裝學;秘密分享;訊息認證碼;碎型浮水印;最佳化像素調整;可回復式的;可逆的||出版社:||資訊科學與工程學系所||引用:|| L. M. Mayron, “Secure Multimedia Communications,” IEEE Security & Privacy, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 76-79, 2010.  M. Naor, and A. Shamir, “Visual cryptography,” Lecture Notes in Computer Science on Advances in Cryptology-EUROCRYPT''94, vol. 950, pp. 1-12, 1994.  C. Blundo, A. De Santis, and M. Naor, “Visual cryptography for grey level images,” Information Processing Letters, vol. 75, no. 6, pp. 255-259, 11/30, 2000.  C.-C. Lin, and W.-H. Tsai, “Visual cryptography for gray-level images by dithering techniques,” Pattern Recognition Letters, vol. 24, no. 1-3, pp. 349-158, 1, 2003.  W. Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security, 3rd ed.: Prentice Hall, 2003.  W. Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practice, 5th ed.: Prentice Hall, 2010.  D. Artz, “Digital steganography: hiding data within data,” IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 75-80, 2001.  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Hwang, “Reversible Secret Image Sharing Based on Shamir''s Scheme,” Proceedings of The Fifth International Conference on Intelligent Information Hiding and Multimedia Signal Processing (IIHMSP 2009), Kyoto, Japan, pp. 1014-1017, September 12-14, 2009.||摘要:||
Steganography can be viewed as cryptography. It includes a variety of secret communication methods that embed the existence of the message and makes it appear invisible. Both of them have been used to protect secret information. With the rapid growth of numerous multimedia applications and communications through Internet, secret image sharing has been becoming a key technology for digital images in secured storage and confidential transmission.
In 2003, Lin and Tsai proposed a novel secret image sharing scheme. They claimed that their scheme can achieve the goal of secret image sharing with additional capabilities of steganography and authentication. Yang et al. further proposed an improved scheme in 2007. Afterward, Chang et al. also proposed another scheme to improve the authentication ability and visual image quality in 2008. However, the stego-images are obtained by directly replacing the least-significant-bit planes (LSB) of cover-images with secret data and authentication code in most schemes, which will result in the distortion of the stego-images.
Therefore, we proposed a novel secret image sharing scheme by applying optimal pixel adjustment process to enhance the image quality under different payload capacity and various authentication bits conditions. The experimental results showed that the proposed scheme has improved the image quality of stego images by 4.71%, 9.29%, and 11.10%, as compared with the schemes recently proposed by Yang et al., Chang et al., and Lin and Tsai. We also provide several experiments to demonstrate the efficacy of authentication capability of the proposed scheme. In other words, the proposed scheme maintains the secret image sharing and authentication ability while enhances the image quality.
In addition, there is a common problem in both schemes, that is, the stego-images cannot recover to their original states. Recently, Lin and Chan proposed an invertible secret image sharing scheme in 2010. Nevertheless, the maximum number of participant is limited and the overflow situation must be considered in the secret sharing phase.
Then a reversible secret image sharing based on Shamir's scheme is developed in this dissertation. The proposed scheme can achieve lossless reversible for cover image and secret image rely on location map. Finally, a reversible secret image sharing based on Galois Field GF (2^8) scheme without location map is also designed. The proposed scheme not only retrieves the original cover image and secret image, but also achieves the better image quality. According to the experimental simulations and discussions, we show that the proposed schemes have significantly better performance than the others.
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