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標題: 不同類群蜘蛛長波長顏色訊號辨識能力之比較
Comparing spiders’ color signal discrimination abilities in long wavelength range
作者: 張承雅
Chang, Cheng-Ya
關鍵字: 跳蛛;Jumping spider;顏色視覺;熱避免;Color vision;Heat-avoidance learning
出版社: 生命科學系所
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跳蛛科是蜘蛛中種類最多的一群,大多數種類的跳蛛身上都具有鮮豔的顏色裝飾,且具有雌雄二色性 (sexual dichromatism)。此外,跳蛛擁有良好的視覺解析能力,前人研究推測大多數跳蛛的前中眼擁有四種感光細胞,有些種類含有能夠辨識長波長範圍的感光細胞,這些細胞理論上可讓這些跳蛛個體比起其他種類的蜘蛛具有較佳的顏色視覺。本實驗使用三種跳蛛科的蜘蛛:體色鮮艷且具雌雄二色性的毛垛兜跳蛛 (Ptocasius strupifer)、體色鮮艷且具雌雄二色性的多彩紐蛛 (Telamonia festiva)以及體色黯淡且無雌雄二色性的大蟻蛛 (Myrmarachne magnus);以及兩種貓蛛科的蜘蛛:細紋貓蛛 (Oxyopes macilentus)和斜紋貓蛛 (Oxyopes sertatus)。我的研究探討是否體色鮮艷的跳蛛種類具有長波長顏色的辨識能力,而體色黯淡的跳蛛種類以及屬於其他類群的貓蛛則沒有此方面的顏色辨識能力。本實驗利用蜘蛛的避熱特性來用以訓練蜘蛛將熱與色紙顏色作關聯,並於訓練過程結束後檢測其是否能夠正確的迴避與熱有關的色紙。結果顯示,體色鮮艷的雌性毛垛兜跳蛛以及雌性多彩紐蛛具有長波長顏色辨識能力,而體色鮮艷的雄性毛垛兜跳蛛、雄性多彩紐蛛、體色黯淡的大蟻蛛、細紋貓蛛和斜紋貓蛛都不具有長波長顏色辨識能力。總結來說,體色鮮艷的雌性具有長波長顏色辨識能力,此現象與此類群蜘蛛利用鮮豔體色進行求偶之特性相符合。

Many jumping spider species have brilliant body color and are sexually dichromatic. In addition, jumping spiders also have high spatial resolution. Previous studies predicted that most jumping spiders had four types of photoreceptors in their principal eyes and had a much broader spectral sensitivity range, and some species had long wavelength photoreceptors. Therefore, they may have better color vision than that of the other spider taxa. In this study, I used three jumping spider species including Ptocasius strupifer, Telamonia festiva and Myrmarachne magnus. Both P. strupifer and T. festiva had brilliant body color and sexual dichromatism, while M. magnus had dull body color and without sexual dichromatism. In addition, I also used two lynx spider species including Oxyopes macilentus and Oxyopes sertatus. In this study, I tested whether jumping spiders with brilliant body color had long wavelength color discrimination ability, while jumping spiders with dull coloration such as ant-mimicking species and non-salticid taxa such as lynx spiders did not have long wavelength color discrimination ability. I used the heat-avoidance response of spiders to train them to learn the heat-associated colored papers. Video cameras were used to record the time spiders stayed in each type of papers. Results of my study showed that females of jumping spiders with brilliant body color have long wavelength color discrimination ability. However, males of jumping spiders with brilliant body color, jumping spiders with dull body color and lynx spiders did not have long wavelength color discrimination ability. Such results suggest that female jumping spiders might have long wavelength color discrimination ability to assess the quality of the courting males by their body colors.
其他識別: U0005-2308201303314100
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