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標題: 以粒線體控制區與細胞色素氧化酶 I 探討台灣山區澤蟹屬之親緣關係
Phylogeny of Taiwanese montane freshwater crabs genus Geothelphusa by mitochondrial control region and COI
作者: 巫國志
Wu, Kuo-Chih
關鍵字: 細胞色素氧化酶I;Control region (CR);澤蟹屬;親緣關係;COI;Geothelphusa;Phylogeny
出版社: 生命科學系所
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本研究利用粒線體控制區 (CR) 以及細胞色素氧化酶 I (COI) 序列探討台灣山區澤蟹屬物種之親緣關係, 以及控制區序列在台灣澤蟹屬物種上的變異程度。控制區序列可分為三區域: 兩側區域較保守, 可能與存有調控粒線體 DNA複製的序列有關; 中間區域在不同物種間具有高變異性, 此與大量的插入與缺失以及串聯重複序列 (tandem repeats, TRs) 有關。然而相近物種間, 中間區域仍具有高相似度, 且其串聯重複序列單元也具有類似的組成。因此控制區可能不適用在整個台灣澤蟹屬內的親緣關係研究上, 但運用在關係接近的物種研究中, CR 仍具有與 COI 相近的解析力。此外, 影響 CR 長度高變異的主因是串聯重複序列的拷貝數, 形成原因主要是複製滑動 (replication slippage)。在拷貝數的數量方面, 山區類群多於低海拔類群物種, 可能與山區類群能夠適應較高海拔的生活環境有關。基於 COI 與控制區之親緣樹, 台灣山區澤蟹可分成北群與南群,大致符合雪山山脈以及中央山脈的地理位置。此外, 水系的分布與地形的阻隔也可能是造成各物種分布受限的原因。

The mitochondrial control region (CR) and cytochrome oxidase I (COI) markers were used to study the phylogeny among Taiwanese montane freshwater crabs (genus Geothelphusa), and the variation of CR among Taiwanese freshwater crabs. The CR of these crabs can be devided into three segments. Two side segments are more conserved than the central one, which may contain sequences related to the regulation of mtDNA replication. However, the central segment is highly variable among crabs, including a lot of indels and tandem repeats (TRs). Nevertheless the sequences and tandem repeat unit of the central segment are similar among closely related species. In conclusion, it is suggested that the CR sequences are too variable to study the whole phylogeny among Taiwanese freshwater crabs, but this marker is suitable for closely related species, and it has similar resolution with COI. Moreover, the variation of CR length is caused by the copy number of tandem repeats due to replication slippage. The montane species always have more copy number than those in lower altitude which may be related with the adaptation in higher altitude. Based on the phylogenetic tree of the combined COI and CR, Taiwanese montane species can be divided into the northern and southern clades, corresponded to the Syueshan Range and Central Range more or less, respectively. The river and mountain barriers may be other reasons for the narrower distributional range of each montane species.
其他識別: U0005-2607201217112200
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