Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/20250
標題: 台灣西南海域甲烷水合物賦存區底泥 甲烷太古生物之純化與特性分析
Isolation and Characterization of Methanoarchaea from sediments of Methane Hydrate potential area offshore SW of Taiwan
作者: 陳眉霏
Chen, Mei-Fei
關鍵字: 甲烷太古生物;methanogen;甲烷水合物;微生物相;methane hydrate;Microbial community
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 
臺灣能源短缺,常需依靠國外進口,而且四面環海,所能使用的陸地資源有限,若能充分利用海洋資源,如海洋生物、礦產等,可舒緩自然資源的匱乏。近年來發現新型天然資源甲烷(天然氣)水合物,廣泛地分布於極區永凍土層、海底底泥中及陸緣海域等處。目前全球甲烷水合物的蘊藏量估計為所有傳統已知化石燃料等能源之有機碳儲量之兩倍。經濟部中央地質調查所與臺灣地質物理與化學家自93年開始以多頻道反射震測區域性調查台灣西南海域,結果顯示有50 %以上之震測線有明顯之海底仿擬反射(BSR)信號,顯示此區可能有天然氣水合物賦存。台大地質系楊燦堯教授實驗室以碳同位素研究顯示這些甲烷大多是生物性的,由絕對厭氧的甲烷太古生物產生與國際類似研究結果相似。賴美津教授實驗室自2008年起參與經濟部中央地質調查所與國科會國家能源主軸計畫,探討台灣西南海域甲烷水合物潛力區微生物相。本研究分析於2009年及2010年以海洋研究船(Ocean Reasearch I and III, ORI and ORIII)於KP-9鑽井區96泥火山群區及枋寮峽谷的岩心底泥樣品。經過增殖、序列稀釋及滾管(Roll-tube)方式培養後,部份純化與Methanofollis、Methanosarcina、Methanococcoides及Methanogenium等屬親緣型相關甲烷太古生物。其中一株純化自96泥火山群底泥另一個已純化的Methanoculleus sp. S3Fa菌株,經由親緣關係比對,發現與純化自黑海表層底泥的Methanoculleus marisnigri及自日本南開海槽 (Nankai Trough)甲烷水合物賦存區底泥的Methanoculleus submarinus皆有99 %相似度。將純化及部份純化菌株與親緣關係相近的可培育及未培育的環境轉殖株的16S rRNA基因序列分析,由演化樹顯示與海底底泥、石油蘊藏區、甲烷水合物賦存區及海底泥火山等棲地的甲烷太古生物有關,因此,菌株S3Fa可能是海底泥火山甲烷水合物區域的重要甲烷太古生物。

To solve the energy shortage problem, the alternate energy methane (gas) hydrates which are estimated at about twice the amount of all other known fossil fuel reserves, are distributed along coastal margins, like SW offshore of Taiwan, as well as in terrestrial regions and marine sediments. With 74% of methane on earth are biogenic origin, this represents a significant source of natural gas from biological methanogenesis. Isotopic data from professor Yang Tsan-Yao at National Taiwan University suggested that most of the methane produced in Taiwan methane hydrate potential area is biogenic origin. To explore the methanogen diversity at methane seep or hydrate habitats, sediment samples obtained from piston and gravity cores at 96 Mud Volcano groups, Fangliao Canyon and KP-9 region by ORI and ORIII cruises were anaerobic enriched for methanogens. After serial sub-transfer and anaerobic roll-tube incubation, genus as Methanoculleus, Methanofollis, Methanosarcina, Methanococcoides and Methanogenium were partially purified. Among them, the irregular coccoid cells of Methanoculleus sp. S3Fa from the core sediment of 96 Mud Volcano Groups were purified. The 16S rDNA sequence of the strain S3Fa showed 99 % similarity with Methanoculleus marisnigri and M. submarinus (isolated from methane hydrate at Nankai Trough, Japan). Comparison of the 16S rRNA sequences of sediment samples with related uncultured environment samples showed that methanogenic phylotypes are close related with clones from marine sediment of submarine mud volcanos at East Mediterranean Sea, methane hydrate-bearing sites and oil reservoir sites. The results suggests that those phylotype of methanogens maybe important in methane hydrate formation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/20250
其他識別: U0005-2908201304572400
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