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標題: 臺灣產磯沙蠶屬(多毛綱:磯沙蠶科)之分類研究
Studies on taxonomy of the genus Eunice (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) of Taiwan
作者: 李彥輝
Li, Yan-Huei
關鍵字: 分類;Taxonomy;磯沙蠶屬;磯沙蠶科;多毛綱;Eunice;Eunicidae;Polychaeta
出版社: 生命科學系所
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磯沙蠶(多毛綱,磯沙蠶科)常見於熱帶珊瑚礁,是多毛蟲中體型較大的類群,是珊瑚礁生物侵蝕作用的成員之一。由於臺灣缺乏對磯沙蠶物種的分類研究,故本研究的目標在於釐清此分類群在臺灣的物種多樣性。本論文藉由檢視磯沙蠶蟲體的前端、鰓、疣足、剛毛與上顎齒的形態結構,來鑑定從臺灣沿海潮間帶、淺亞潮帶與深海採得的標本,並且進行個體差異的記錄、分群的整理與檢索表。本研究結果發現臺灣磯沙蠶有15種, 9種為潮間帶與淺海的種類,其中有4種為新紀錄種、5種為未知種;6種為深海的種類,其中有3種為新紀錄種、3種為未知種。此15種磯沙蠶區分的方法,可以先判別鰓或複合刺狀剛毛的有無,接著確認亞足刺鉤的顏色、齒數與鰓的分佈特徵來確認分群歸屬,最後可使用觸鬚、觸角、圍口節鬚與背鬚分節形態特徵便可大致完成種的確定。此外,觸鬚、觸角與圍口節鬚的長度,鰓與亞足刺鉤起始的剛節、鰓絲數目的變化,梳狀剛毛、複合鐮形剛毛或足刺的形態是鑑定上的輔助特徵。個體差異資料的建立呈現鰓絲最大數目與亞足刺鉤初始剛節的變異範圍,也有助於在小型標本的鑑定。本研究結果初步建立了臺灣磯沙蠶屬的分類資料。

Eunicids (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) are common and large polychaetes in tropical coral reef, and they are identified as one of species that cause bioerosion. Because the taxonomic research on this polychaetous group in Taiwan is limited, the purpose of the present study is to reveal the species diversity of eunicids in Taiwan. In this taxonomic study, eunicid specimens collected from coastal intertidal, shallow subtidal and deep-sea waters of Taiwan were identified by examining morphologic characters on anterior part of body, branchiae, parapodia, setae and maxillae. As the result, fifteen species were identified, with nine species from intertidal and shallow waters and 6 species from deep-sea habitats. Among species collected from former habitats, four species are new records for Taiwan, and five species are not known to science. Of six species collected from latter habitats, three species are recroded for the first time for Taiwan, with three species are not known to science. These eunicids can be separated preferentially to specific group on the basis of the presence of branchiae or compound spinigers, followed by the color and teeth number of subacicular and branchial distribution pattern to find the corresponding groups, and then using the presence of articulations on antennae, palps and peristomial cirri for species identification. On the process, other characters such as length of antennae, palps and peristomial cirri, the first present setiger number of branchiae and subacicular hooks, variation of branchial filament number, and morphologic features of pectinate setae, compound falcigers and aciculae are considered helpful to species identification. For small specimens, individual differences in range of maximum branchiae filament number and the first present setiger number of subacicular hook are also useful characters to species identify. The present study provides preliminary taxonomic data on the genus Eunice from Taiwan.
其他識別: U0005-2201201312190500
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