Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|標題:||An Empirical Study on the Determinants of Organizational Learning Capability and New Product Development in the Business Group Member Firms-A Tie Perspective
|關鍵字:||Dual Embeddedness;雙重鑲嵌;Bridging Ties;Strong Ties;Organizational Learining Capability;New Product Development;橋接套繫;強套繫;組織學習能力;新產品開發||出版社:||企業管理學系所||引用:||一、中文部分 中華徵信所(2008)。台灣地區集團企業研究。中華徵信所，台北。 方世榮、黃恆獎、江季芸(2005)。產業網絡鑲嵌與網絡動態性演化。關係管理研究。創刊號。頁43-83。 方世榮(2001)。統計學導論。台北：華泰文化事業股份有限公司。 任慶宗(2003)。集團企業子公司之綜效利益與彈性限制─網絡觀點。國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文，未出版，台北市。 邱皓政(2000)。量化研究與統計分析。台北：五南圖書出版有限公司。 吳明隆(2005)。SPSS 統計應用學習實務─問卷分析與應用統計。知城數位科技股份有限公司。 張紹勳(2004)。研究方法。滄海書局。 張紹勳、林秀娟(2005)。SPSS 高等統計分析。滄海書局。 二、西文部份 Adler, P. S. and Kwon, S. W. (2002). Social capital: prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 17-40. Aldrich, H. E. and D. A. Whetten. (1981). Organizational Sets, Action Sets and Networks：Making the Most of Simplicity in P. Nystrom and W. Starbuck(eds.) Handbook of Organizational design, 1, 385-408, London：Oxford University Press. Anand, B. N. and Khanna, T. (2000). Do Firms Learn to Create Value? The Case of Alliance. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 295-315. Argryris, C. and Schon, D. (1978). Organizational learning: a theory of action perspective. Mass: Addison Wesley. Argryris, C. and Schon, D. (1996). Organizational learning II: theory, method, and practice. Reading M A: Addison-Wesley. Armstrong, J. S. and Overton, T. S. (1977). Estimating nonresponse bias in mail surveys. Journal of Marketing Research, 14(3), 396-402. Arora, R. (2002), Implementing KM: A Balanced Scorecard Approach. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(3), 240-249. Badaracco, J. L. (1991). The Knowledge Link：How Firms Compete through StrategicAlliances. Boston：Harvard Business School Press. Bagozzi, R. P. (1980). Causal Models in Marketing. New York: John Wiely & Son. Baker, W. E. and Sinkula, J. M. (1999). The synergistic effect of market orientation and learning orientation on organizational performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 27(4), 411-427. Barczak, G. (1995). New product strategy, structure, process, and performance in the telecommunications Industry. Journal of Product Innovation Management,.12(.3), 224-234. Birkinshaw, J. (1997). Entrepreneurship in Multinational Corporation：The Characteristics of Subsidiary Initiatives. Strategic Management Journal, 18(3), 207-229. Blois, K. J. (1999). Trust in business to business relationships: an evaluation of its status. Journal of Management Studies,.36(2), 197-214. Burt, R. S. (1992). Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition, Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Burt, R. S. (2004). Structural holes and good ideas. The American Journal of Socilolgy, 110(2), 349-399. Camagni, R. (1995). Global network and local milieu: towards a theory of economic space. Aldershot, UK: Avebury. Capaldo, A. (2007). Network structure and innovation: The leveraging of a dual network as a distinctive relational capability. Strategic Management Journal, .28(4), 585-608. Chang, S. and J. Hong. (2000). Economic Performance of the Korean Business Groups: Intra-Group Resource Sharing and Internal Business Transaction. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 429-448. Choi, B., Poon, S. K. and Davis, J. H. (2008). Effects of knowledge management strategy on organizational performance: a complementarity theory-based approach. Omega, 36(2), 235-251. Cohen, W. M. and Levinthal, D. A. (1990). Absorptive capacity：A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(1), 128-152. Coleman, J. S. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory, Harvard University Press: Cambridge, MA. Cook, K. S. and R. M. Emerson. (1978). Power, Equity and Commitment in Exchange Networks. American Sociological Review, 43,721-739. Cooper, R. G. (1994). Perspective third-generation new product processes. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 11(1), 3-14. Daft, R. L. (1998). Organization Theory and Design, Sixth Edition, Cincinnati: South Western College Publishing. Day, G. S. (1994). The capabilities of market-driven organizations. Journal of Marketing, 58(4), 37-52. Dhanaraj, C. and Parkhe, A. (2006). Orchestrating innovation networks. Academy of Management Review, 3(3), 659-669. Dyer, J. H. and Singh, H. (1998). The Relational View：Cooperative Strategy and Sources of Interorganizational Competitive Advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23(4), 660-679. Eisenhardt, K. M. and D. C. Gulunic. (2000). Coevolving: at last, a way to make synergies work. Harvard Business Review, Jan.-Feb, 91-101. Escribano, A., Fosfuri, A. and Tribó, J. A. (2009). Managing external knowledge flows: The moderating role of absorptive capacity. Research Policy, 38(1), 96-105. Fornell, C. and Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobserved variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(1), 39-50. Frenzen, J. and Nakamoto, K. (1993). Structure, cooperation, and the flow of market information. Journal of Consumer Research, 20, 360-375. Garud, R. and Nayyar, P. R. (1994). Transformative Capacity Continual Structuring by Intertemporal Technology Transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 15(5), 365-385. Ghemawat, P. and Khanna, T. (1998). The Nature of Diversified Business Groups: A Research Design and Two Case Studies. The Journal of Industrial Economics, 46, 35-61. Ghoshal, S. and Bartlett, C. (1990). The Multinational Corporation as an Interorganizational Network. Academy of Management Review, 15(4), 603-625. Gilsing, V. and Nooteboom, B. (2005). Density and strength of ties in innovation networks: an analysis of multimedia and biotechnology. European Management Review, 2, 179-197. Gnyawali, D. R. and Madhavan, R. (2001). Cooperative networks and competitive dynamics: a structural embeddedness perspective. Academy of Management Review, 26(3), 431-445. Goto, A. (1982). Business Groups in a Market Economy. European Economic Review, 19, 53-70. Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), 1360-1380. Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness. American journal of Sociology, 91(3), 481-510. Granovetter, M. (1992). Problems of explanation in economic sociology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Granovetter, M. (1994). Business Groups, In N. Smelser and R. Swedberg(Ed.) The Handbook of Economics Sociology, 453-475, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Grant, R. M. (1996). Prospering in dynamically-competitive environments: organizational capability as knowledge integration. Organization Science, 7(4), 375-387. Griffin, A. and Page, A. L. (1996). PDMA success measurement project: recommended measures for product development success and failure. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 13(6), 478-496. Guillen, M. F. (2000). Business Groups in Emerging Economies: A Resource-Based View. Academy of Management Journal, 43(3), 362-380. Gujarati, D. N. (2003). Basic Econometrics, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York. Gulati, R. (1995). Social structure and alliance formation patterns: a longitudinal analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40(4), 619-652. Gulati, R. (1998). Alliances and networks. Strategic Management Journal, 19(3), 293-317. Gulati, R. and Singh, H. (1998). The architecture of cooperation: managing coordination costs and appropriation concerns in strategic alliances. Administrative Science Quarterly, 43(1), 781-814. Gulati, R. (1999). Network location and learning: the influence of network resources and firm capabilities on alliance formation. Strategic Management Journal,20(5), 397-420. Gulati, R. and Gargiulo, M. (1999). Where do interorganizational networks come from? American Journal of Sociology, 104(5), 1439-1493. Gulati, R. Nohria, N., and Zaheer, A. (2000). Strategic networks. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 203-215. Hansen, M. (1999). The search-transfer problem: the role of weak ties in sharing knowledge across organization subunits. Administrative Science Quarterly, 44(1), 82-111. Hargadon, A. and Sutton, R. I. (1997). Technology brokering and innovation in a product development firm. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(3), 716-749. He, Z. L. and Wong, P. K. (2004). Exploration vs. exploitation: an empirical test of the ambidexterity hypothesis. Organization Science, 15(4), 481-494. Heikkinen, M. T., Mainela, T., Still, J. and Tähtinen, J. (2007). Roles for managing in mobile service development nets. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(6), 909-925. Heimeriks, K. H. and Duysters, G. (2007). Alliance capability as a mediator between experience and alliance performance: An empirical investigation into the alliance capability development process. Journal of Management Studies, 44(1), 25-49. Hoffmann, W. H. (2007). Strategies for managing a portfolio of alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 28(6), 827-856. Homburg, C. and Pflesser, C. (2000). A multiple-layer model of market-oriented organizational culture: measurement issue and performance outcomes.Journal of Marketing Research, 37(4), 449-462. Huber, G. P. (1991). Organizational Learning：The Contributing Process and the Literatures. Organization Science, 2(1), 88-115. Hulland, J. (1999). Use of partial least squares (PLS) in strategic management research：a review of four recent studies. Strategic Management Journal,20(2), 195-204. Inkpen, A. C. and Tsang, E. W. K. (2005). Social capital, networks and knowledge transfer. Academy of Management Review, 30(1), 146-165. Jerez-Gómes, P., Céspedes-Lorente, J. and Valle-Cabrera, R. (2004). Training Practices and Organizational Learning Capability：Relationship and Implications. Journal of European Industrial Training, 28(2-4), 234-256. Johnson, J. and L. G. Mattson. (1988). International Relations in Industrial SYSTEMS: a Network Approach Compared with the Transactional Cost Approach. International Studies of Management and Organization, XVII(1), 34-48, M.E. Sharpe, Inc. Johnson, J. L. and Sohi, R. S. (2003). The Development of Interfirm Partnering Competence：Platforms for Learning, Learning Activities, and Consequences of Learning. Journal of Business Research, 56(9), 757-766. Jones, C., W. S. Hesterly. and S. P. Borgatti. (1997). A General Theory of Network Governance: Exchange Conditions and Social Mechanisms. Academy of Management Review, 22(4), 911-945. Kale, P., Singh, H. and Perlmutter, H. (2000). Learning and protection of proprietary assets in strategic alliances: building relational capital. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 217-237. Katila, R. and Ahuja, G. (2002). Something old, something new: a longitudinal study of search behavior and new product introduction. Academy of Management Journal, 45(6), 1183-1194. Keister, L. A. (1998). Engineering Growth: Business Group Structure and Firm Performance in China’s Transition Economy. American Journal of Sociology, 104(2), 404-440. Khanna, T. and K. Palepu. (2000). Is Group Affiliation Profitable in Emerging Markets: An Analysis of Indian Diversified Business Groups. Journal of Finance, 55(2), 867-891. Khanna, T. and Rivkin, J. W. (2001). Estimating the performance effects of business groups in emerging markets. Strategic Management Journal, 22 (1), 45-74. Knoke, D. and J. H. KuKlinski. (1982). Network Analysis: Basic Concepts. Beverly Hills: Sage. Kogut, B. and Zander, A. (1992). Knowledge of the firm, combinative capability, and replication of technology. Organization Science, 3(3), 838-397. Krackhardt, D. (1992). The strength of strong ties. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. Lam, A. (2003). Organizational learning in multinationals: R&D networks of Japanese and US MNEs in the UK. The Journal of Management Studies, 40(3), 673-703. Lane, P. J. and Lubatkin, M. (1998), Relative absorptive capacity and interorganizational learning. Strategic Management Journal, 19(5), 461-467. Lane, P., Salk, J. E. and Lyles, M. A. (2001). Absorptive capacity, learning, and performance in international joint ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22(12), 1139-1161. Larson, A. (1992). Network dyads in entrepreneurial settings：A study of the governance of exchange relationship. Administrative Science Quarterly, 37(1), 74-106. Laumann, E. O., Galaskiewicz, J., and Marsden, P. V. (1978). Community structure as interorganizational linkages. Annual Review of Sociology, 4, 455-484. Lavie, D., and Rosenkopf, L. (2006). Balancing exploration and exploitation in alliance formation. Academy of Management Journal, 49(4), 797-818. Lee, C., Lee, K. and Pennings J. M. (2001), Internal capability, external networks and performance: a study on technology-based ventures. Strategic Management Journal, 22(5), 615-640. Li, L. Y. (2006). Relationship Learning at Trade Shows：Its Antecedents and Consequences. Industrial Marketing Management, 35(2), 166-177. Lincoln, J., M. Gerlach and C. Ahmadjian (1996). Keiretsu Network and Corporate Performance in Japan. American Sociological Review, 61, 67-88. Li, T. and Calantone, R. J. (1998). The impact of market knowledge competence on new product advantage. Journal of Marketing, 62(4), 13-29. Lorenzoni, G. and Lipparini, A. (1999). The leveraging of interfirm relationships as a distinctive organizational capability: A longitudinal study. Strategic Management Journal, 20(3), 317-338. Madhavan, R. and Grover, R. (1998), From embedded knowledge to embodied knowledge: new product development as knowledge management, Journal of Marketing, 62(4), 1–12. Mehta, R., Larsen, T., Rosenbloom, B. and Ganitsky, J. (2005). The impact of cultural differences in U.S. business-to-business export marketing channel strategic alliances. Industrial Marketing Management, 35, 156-165. McEvily, B. and Zaheer, A. (1999). Bridging ties: a source of firm heterogeneity in competitive capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 20, 1133-1156. McEvily, B. and Marcus, A. (2005). Embedded ties and the acquisition of competitive capabilities. Strategic Management Journal, 26(11), 1033–1055. Mitchell, J. C. (1969). The Concept and Use of Social Network. Social Networks in Urban Settings. University of Manchester Press Möller, K. and Rajala, A. (2007). Rise of strategic nets － New modes of value creation. Industrial Marketing Management, 36(6), 895-908. Moran P. (2005). Structural vs. relational embeddedness: Social capital and managerial performance. Strategic Management Journal, 26(6), 1129-1151. Morgan, R.M. and Hunt, S. D. (1994). The Commitment-Trust Theory of Relationship. Marketing Journal of Marketing, 58(3), 20-38. Mowery, D. C., Oxley, J. E. and Silverman, B. S. (1996). Strategic Alliances and Interfirm Knowledge Transfer. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 77-91. Nahapeit, J. and Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23(2), 242–266. Nohria, N. and S. Ghoshal (1994). Differentiated Fit and Shared Value: Alternatives for Managing Headquarter-Subsidiary Relations. Strategic Management Journal, 15, 491-502. Nonaka, I. and H. Takeuchi (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company. Creative Research Journal, 10(4), 285-301. Nonaka, I., Toyama, R. and Konno, N. (2000). Seci, ba and leadership：a unifiedmodel of dynamic knowledge creation. Long Range Planning, 33, 5-34. Oliver, C. (1990). Determinants of Interorganizational Relationship：Integration and Future Directions. Academy of Management Review, 15(2), 241-265. Perks, H. and Jeffery, R. (2006). Global network configuration for innovation: a study of international fibre innovation. Rand D Management, 36(1). 67-83. Podolny, J. M. and K. L. Page (1998). Network Forms of Organization. Annual Review of Sociology, 24, 57-76. Podolny, J. M. (2001). Networks as the pipes and prisms of the market. American Journal of Sociology, 107(1), 33–60. Podsakoff, P. M. and Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: problems and prospects,” Journal of Management, 12(4), 531-544. Popper, M., and Lipshitz, R. (1998). Organizational learning mechanism.＂ The journal of applied behavioral science,34(2), 161-179. Powell, W. W. (1987). Hybrid organization arrangements：new form or transitional development？California Management Review, 30(1), 67-87. Powell, W. W., Koput, K. W., and Smith-Doerr, L. (1996). Interorganizational collaboration and the locus of innovation: networks of learning in biotechnology. Administrative Science Quarterly, 41, 116-145. Ramanujam, V. and P. R. Varadarajan (1996). Research on Diversification. In Goold, M. and K. S. Luchs(ed.), Managing the Multibusiness Company, New York: Routledge, 263-284. Ramanujam, V. and Varadarajan, P. (1989). Research on corporate diversification：a synthesis. Strategic Management Journal, 10(6), 523-551. Regans, R. and McEvily, B. ( 2003). Network structure and knowledge transfer: the effects of cohesion and range. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(2), 240–267. Rindfleisch, A. and Moorman, C. (2001). The acquisition and utilization of information in new product alliances: a strength-of-ties perspective. Journal of Marketing, 65(2), 1-18. Ritter, T., Wilkinson, I. F. and Johnston, W. J. (2004). Firms’ ability to manage in business networks: a review of concepts. Industrial Marketing Management, 33(3), 175-183. Ritter, T. and Gemunden, H. G. (2004). The impact of a company’s business strategy on its technological competence, network competence and innovation success. Journal of Business Research, 57, 548-556. Rothaermel, F. T. and Deeds, D. L. (2004). Exploration and exploitation alliances in biothechnology: a system of new product development. Strategic Management Journal, 25, 201-222. Rowley, T. J. (1997). Moving beyond dyadic ties: a network theory of stakeholder influences. Academy of Management Review, 22(3), 887-910. Rowley, T., Behrens, D. and Krackhardt, D. (2000). Redundant governance structures: an analysis of structural and relational embeddedness in the steel and semiconductor industries. Strategic Management Journal, 21, 369-386. Roy, S., Sivakumar, K. and Wilkinson, I. F. (2004). Innovation generation in supply chain relationship: A conceptual model and research propositions. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 32(1), 61-79. Sethi, V. and Carraher, S. (1993). Developing measures for assessing the organizational impact of information technology: a comment on Mahmood and Soon’s paper. Decision Sciences, 24(4), 867-877. Shukla, M. (1997). Competing through Knowledge：Building a Learning Organization, Thousand Oaks, CA：Sage Publications. Simsek, Zeki, Michael H. Lubatkin and Steven W. Floyd (2003). Inter-Firm Networks and Entrepreneurial Behavior: A Structural Embeddedness Perspective. Journal of Management, 29(3), 427-42. Sivadas, E. and Dwyer, F. R. (2000). An examination of organizational factors influencing new success in internal and alliance-based processes. Journal of marketing, 64(1), 31-49. Slater, S. F. and Narver, J. C. (1995). Market orientation and the learning organization. Journal of marketing, 59(3), 63-74. Song, X. M. and Parry, M. E. (1997). The determinants of Japanese new product success. Journal of Marketing Research, 34(1), 64-76. Subramaniam, M. and Youndt, M. A. (2005). The influence of intellectual capital on the types of innovative capabilities. Academy of Management Journal, 48(3), 450-463. Szulanski, G. (1996). Exploring stickiness: impediments to the transfer of best practice within the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 27-43. Teigland, R. and Wasko, M. (2009). Knowledge transfer in MNCs: Examining how intrinsic motivations and knowledge sourcing impact individual centrality and performance. Journal of International Management, 15(1), 15-31. Therin, F. (2003). Organizational Learning and Innovation in High-Tech Small Firms. Proceedings of the 36th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Thorelli, H. B. (1986). Network: between markets and hierarchies. Strategic Management Journal, 7(1), 7-51. Tiwana, A. (2008). Do bridging ties complement strong ties? An empirical examination of alliance ambidexterity. Strategic Management Journal, 29(3), 251 – 272. Tsai, W. and S. Ghoshal (1998). Social Capital and Value Creation: The Role of Intrafirm Networks. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 464-476. Tsai, W. (2001). Knowledge transfer in intraorganizational networks: effects of network position and absorptive capacity on business unit innovation and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 44(5), 990-1004. Tsai, W. (2002). Social structure of “co-opetition” within a multiunit organization: coordination, competition and intra-organization knowledge sharing. Organization Science, 13(2), 179-190. Uzzi, B. (1996). The Sources and Consequences of Embeddedness for the Economic Performance of Organization: The Network Effect. American Sociological Review, 61, 674-698. Uzzi, B. (1997). Social structure and competition in interfirm networks: The paradox of embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42(1), 35-67. Valente, T. W. (1995). Network models of the diffusion of innovations. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press. Wasserman, S. and Faust, K. (1994). Social network analysis: methods and applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wikstrom, S. and Normann, R. (1994). Knowledge and Value：A New Perspective on Corporate Transformation, London：Routledge. Williamson, O. (1975). Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications, New York: Free Press. Williamson, O. (1985). The Economic Institutions of Capitalism, New York: Free Press. Williamson, O. E. (1991). Comparative economic organization: The analysis of discrete structural alternatives. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36(2), 269-296. Wong, Y. M. (2005). Inter-organizational network and firm performance: the case of the bicycle industry in Taiwan. Asian Business and Management, 4, 67-91. Yeung, A. K., Ulrich, D. O., Nason, S. W. and Von Glinow, M. A. (1999). Organizational Learning Capability：Generating and Generalizing Ideas with Impact. New York：Oxford University Press. Zaheer, A. and Bell, G. G. (2005). Benefiting from network position: firm capabilities, structural holes, and performance. Strategic Management Journal, 26(9), 809-825. Zahra, S. A. and George, G. (2002). Absorptive Capacity: A Review, Reconceptualization, and Extension. Academy of Management Review, 27(2), 185-203.||摘要:||
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of internal and external relationship networks in the business group member firms on the organizational learining and new product development. It is a challenge for the business group to maintain grows up and it's complex operation. For the sake of growing up it is important and necessary for business group member firm to improve its organizational learning and new product development. Hence, business group have to think carefully how to management the internal and external relationship networks. To do this the business group could enhance new product development performance by accumulating organiziton learning capability from the networks.
The main concept of this study is the business group member firms dual embeddeded between business group network and industry network. According to the social capital theory and the embeddedness theory, the relationship types between network actors can distinguish into bridging ties and strong ties. However, these two types of relationship ties will have different effective on the organizational learning capability (composed with knowledge Absorptivity and knowledge integration). The business group member firms could accumulate organiziton learning capability by these two relationship types between network actors, also absort and integrate knowledge for the new product development.
This research targets the business group member firms of the top 100 Taiwanese business group as the respondents to conduct the empirical survey. Results from the 132-observation survey of 65 business group indicate the following evidences. First, the bridging ties between business group network actors are positively related to knowledge absorptive Capability. Second, the strong ties between business group network actors are positively related to knowledge integration Capability, but the strong ties between industry network actors are not related to knowledge integration Capability. Last, the organizational learning capabilities are positively related to new product development performance.This study also provides some discussions, suggestions, and managerial implications for the future academic and practical efforts.
|Appears in Collections:||企業管理學系所|
Show full item record
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.