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標題: The Effects of Explorative and Exploitative Abilities on the Firm's Network Position, Network Competence and Resource-advantage: Intellectual Capital as a Moderator.
作者: 陳昱仁
Chen, Yu-Jen
關鍵字: Exploration;探索能力;Exploitation;Network;Network Centrality;Network Competence;Resource Advantage;Intellectual Capital;應用能力;網絡理論;網絡中心性;網絡能耐;資源優勢;智慧資本
出版社: 企業管理學系所
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Manufacture industry is the main industry in Taiwan, and most of them are small and medium enterprises (SME), which original equipment manufacturing (OEM), Original Design Manufacturing (ODM) is the major parts of their sales income. As result, the bargaining powers of these firms were usually relatively weak, and suffer from continuing decreased gross profit. Also in strategy management, goal setting, organizational adjustment, and some other functions, all they can do is accept the forces which shaping their organization and come from other more powerful members in the industry network like the brand companies, in other words they just accept the shape forces from environment outside organization with passive, and had no intention to change the competition environment. But as the gross profit decreased, these firms face the imperative of increase values they can created by other way than cost down, which means that they have to try to change the competition which is disadvantageous to them, and take the first mover advantage, after change the competition environment.
This research discussed related issue by using numerical method, and take exploration and exploitation abilities as represented variances of firms' competition activities and abilities development. As to firms bargaining power and outside environment we use the network centrality and network competence as their represent variances. Finally we use the resource advantages as the dependent variance to evaluate if the firms could change outside environment by enforcing their own ability
The result of this research shows that the exploration and exploitation abilities indeed, could help firms changing the competition environment, and increasing their bargaining power to other members in the industry network. Beside the direct effect of abilities improving, network centrality, and network competences, we also shown another type of internal and external resource interacting which could enforce firms' resource advantages, by test the moderated effect of intellectual capital.

台灣產業多屬製造業、且其中以中小企業為最大宗,其訂單模式多屬Original Equipment Manufacturing (OEM)、Original Design Manufacturing (ODM)等模式,且在整體產業網絡中對之談判能力、整體獲利能力(毛利率)而言處於較弱勢地位。在策略制定、調整方面,大多以既有外部環境為決策參考依據,是為被動的接受外部環境,並未有太多主動改善外部競爭環境之意圖及動機。隨著近年代工製造的毛利率不斷下滑,台灣廠商面臨提升自我價值的情境,亦必須開始嘗試改變不利於自身的外部環境,並能在改變外部環境後,前於競爭者一步進行組織策略、資源調整,以取得競爭先機。
其他識別: U0005-0407201214383800
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