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|標題:||The Coherence between Technological Capabilities and Business Scopes
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The fundamental nature of firms' product or market expansion is original from the extension of their core competencies and resources, which create the synergies of a firm's capability development and business scope expansion. Thus in a firm's scope expansion process, technology plays an important role. As a result, when considering a firm's technology trajectory or operating business scopes, we should retrace to firms' initial technology and resource endowments in order to describe their technological capabilities development and business configuration comprehensively.
This study illustrates the proposed hypotheses through 192 Taiwanese high-tech firms between 1998 and 2008. I propose that technological capabilities and business scopes fundamentally interplay in the determination of technological capabilities development which moderates by internal and external conditions, and identifies the interconnect effects on technological trajectory. A firm's technological capability development is influenced by its initial technology endowments in the beginning, then because by external environmental contexts - environmental munificence, environmental dynamics, industry attractiveness and industry competitiveness and internal complementary assets, this firm will therefore diversify their business scopes into different products or markets in different areas. However, firm in different business scopes will therefore further different new technological capabilities by their diversification, which in turn will affect the old technology, resulting in synergies or new technology capabilities. Therefore, I interpret the evolution of firms' technological capability development and business scopes as a coherence phenomenon and thus explain the feedback loop form of technology trajectory.
The findings show there is a coherence effect between firms' technological capabilities and their business activities. A firm's technology endowments extend not only their own technological capabilities but also its business scopes simultaneously and so as business scopes do. The evidences also indicate that internal specialized complementary assets have positive moderating effects on the relationship of technological capabilities and business scopes. And the external context, environment munificence and industry attractiveness also have positive moderating effects on technological capabilities development. But the industry competition has a negative moderating effect on the relationship of technological capabilities and business scopes.
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